Overland, Missouri facts for kids
Location of Overland, Missouri
|• Total||4.38 sq mi (11.34 km2)|
|• Land||4.36 sq mi (11.29 km2)|
|• Water||0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)|
|Elevation||640 ft (195 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||16,006|
|• Density||3,683.9/sq mi (1,422.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0756489|
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According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.38 square miles (11.34 km2), of which, 4.36 square miles (11.29 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 16,062 people, 6,717 households, and 4,136 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,683.9 inhabitants per square mile (1,422.4/km2). There were 7,356 housing units at an average density of 1,687.2 per square mile (651.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 73.3% White, 16.4% African American, 0.3% Native American, 3.2% Asian, 3.9% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.4% of the population.
There were 6,717 households of which 30.2% had children under the age of eighteen living with them, 37.5% were married couples living together, 17.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.4% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.96.
The median age in the city was 37.9 years. 22.4% of residents were under the age of eighteen; 8.7% were between the ages of eighteen and 24; 28% were from 25 to 44; 28.3% were from 45 to 64; and 12.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.0% male and 51.0% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 16,838 people, 7,012 households, and 4,494 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,842.8 people per square mile (1,484.3/km²). There were 7,446 housing units at an average density of 1,699.3 per square mile (656.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.56% White, 11.19% African American, 0.32% Native American, 2.01% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.83% from other races, and 2.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.19% of the population.
There were 7,012 households out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.8% were married couples living together, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the city, the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $34,437, and the median income for a family was $43,655. Males had a median income of $31,168 versus $25,352 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,266. About 6.6% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.8% of those under age 18 and 3.6% of those age 65 or over.
The area south of the King's Road to Saint Charles was first settled in the early 1820s, when travelers westward from St. Louis would stop overnight at what became known as "The Overland Park". Daniel Boone, noted frontiersman, constructed a single room cabin here, near the current location of Lake Sherwood and Wyland Elementary School. A historic marker on Wabaday Avenue shows the exact spot.
In time, businesses were established and a one-room subscription school, the Buck School, was built in 1846. In 1867, the Ritenour School District was organized. In 1919, the town's name was shortened to "Overland", to avoid postal confusion with the city of Overland Park, Kansas.
The town was incorporated as a fourth class city in 1939 with a mayoral-city council government. In the 1990s, the city voters approved a change to a third class city. In 2007, the city voted to move to a mayor-council-administrator form of government. Under this structure, the mayor serves as the chief elected official. The city council serves as the legislative body, and is empowered to pass ordinances and resolutions it deems necessary to the operation of the city. The city administrator is a full-time employee of the city, and executes the day-to-day tasks of operations.
The historic "Overland Park" wagon train stop is located near the intersection of Midland Boulevard and Lackland Road. A monument marks this site.
An early Overland settler and prominent St. Louis businessman, Dennis Lackland, built the Lackland House in 1844 on the road later named for him. The nearby McElhinney Log House, built in the 1850s, is maintained by the Overland Historical Society.
The Ritenour School, built in 1867 on Woodson Road, was remodeled and expanded over the years and is currently the Ritenour School District's administration building.
Lake Sherwood (originally Lake Laughlin or Loch Lin), which is near the original Overland Park, was developed as a private residence in 1877 and is now a gated community. The lake is spring-fed, and the dam spills into headwaters for the River des Peres. Construction of the earthen dam was completed in 1894. Its height is 21 feet (6.4 m), capacity is 135 acre feet (167,000 m3), and normal storage is 80 acre feet (99,000 m3). It drains an area of 121 square miles (310 km2). At normal levels, the lake has a surface area of 12 acres (49,000 m2). The lake is owned by the Lake Sherwood homeowners' association and is used for recreational purposes.
Overland boasts several large parks. The Garnett Estate, built in 1907 on Ashby Road, is now owned and maintained by the city as Wild Acres Park; it is a secluded area, offering walking paths and a small fishing lake. Mort Jacobs Park is a rolling acreage of tall trees and hiking paths. Norman Myers Park (formerly Taylor Field) is a large athletic field with a one-third-mile running track and adjacent picnic areas. It is home to Overland's annual Lion's Fair. Other smaller parks dot the city, providing family outing opportunities.
The Frank Munsch Community Center was built to provide Overland residents with year-round access to exercise facilities, whirlpool, sauna, basketball and racquetball courts. City residents over the age of 18 and accompanied minors are permitted to use the center.
The American Legion Thoman-Booth Post 338 hosts a weekly fish fry, every Friday from March through September at Legion Park. This event attracts thousands of visitors from all over the St. Louis area, and has become a traditional gathering place for Overland residents.
Overland, Missouri Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.