Plaquemine, Louisiana facts for kids

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City of Plaquemine
City
Old Square Plaquemine.jpg
Old Square
Nickname: "City of Hospitality"
Country United States
State Louisiana
Parish Iberville
Elevation 23 ft (7 m)
Coordinates 30°17′03″N 91°14′26″W / 30.28417°N 91.24056°W / 30.28417; -91.24056
Area 2.9 sq mi (7.5 km²)
 - land 2.9 sq mi (8 km²)
 - water 0.1 sq mi (0 km²), 3.45%
Population 7,064 (2000)
Density 2,467.0 /sq mi (952.5 /km²)
Settled 1775
 - Incorporated 1838
Mayor Mark Gulotta (D)
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 70764
Area code 225
Location of Plaquemine in Louisiana
Locator Red.svg
Location of Plaquemine in Louisiana
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Website: Official website

Plaquemine is a city in and the parish seat of Iberville Parish, Louisiana, United States. The population was 7,064 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Baton Rouge Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Early inhabitants of the area were Chitimacha Indians. Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville claimed all of Louisiana in 1699 for King Louis XIV of France. Plaquemine was settled by 1775 and named for the Indian word Plakemine, which means persimmon.

Due to its location at the juncture of the Bayou Plaquemine and the Mississippi River, the village soon began to prosper and grow, beginning a long history of prosperity. By 1838, the town was incorporated, electing Zenon LaBauve, for whom the Garden District's main street is named, as its first mayor.

Plaquemine continued to grow in the antebellum era. Massive plantations were established in nearby regions, including St. Louis, Nottoway, and Belle Grove. The town has been the seat of Iberville Parish government since its incorporation. The second parish courthouse (c. 1906) on Railroad Avenue has been serving as City Hall since 1985. Plaquemine did not have a hospital until 1923.

Plaquemine has been a Louisiana-designated Main Street City since 1993. There are ten properties listed for Plaquemine on the National Register of Historic Places in Iberville Parish, Louisiana.

Geography

Plaquemine is located at 30°17′3″N 91°14′26″W / 30.28417°N 91.24056°W / 30.28417; -91.24056 (30.284044, −91.240485) and has an elevation of 23 feet (7.0 m). Plaquemine is located at the junction of Bayou Plaquemine and the Mississippi River. The city itself is surrounded by farmland; beyond the farmland to the west lies nearly uninhabited swampland.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.9 square miles (7.6 km²), of which 2.9 square miles (7.4 km²) is land and 0.1 square mile (0.1 km²) (1.71%) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,663
1870 1,460 −12.2%
1880 2,061 41.2%
1890 3,222 56.3%
1900 3,590 11.4%
1910 4,955 38.0%
1920 4,632 −6.5%
1930 5,124 10.6%
1940 5,049 −1.5%
1950 5,747 13.8%
1960 7,689 33.8%
1970 7,739 0.7%
1980 7,521 −2.8%
1990 7,186 −4.5%
2000 7,064 −1.7%
2010 7,119 0.8%
Est. 2015 6,871 −3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,064 people, 2,593 households, and 1,846 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,467.0 people per square mile (953.6/km²). There were 2,828 housing units at an average density of 987.6 per square mile (381.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 49.26% White, 49.60% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.08% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.15% of the population.

There were 2,593 households out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.0% were married couples living together, 22.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.8% were non-families. 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.21.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years, higher than Louisiana's median age of 34.0 years. For every 100 females there were 88.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,364, and the median income for a family was $32,971. Males had a median income of $34,868 versus $21,016 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,066. About 23.6% of families and 24.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.8% of those under age 18 and 17.5% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture

Annual cultural events

Plaquemine's annual International Acadian Festival draws visitors from all over the world. Local Mardi Gras celebrations also attract tourists.

Tourism

Plaquemine is noted for a number of antebellum structures that survive within the city limits and along Bayou Road. One of the most noteworthy homes is St Basil's, a riverfront mansion built by socialite Physician Dr. John Scratchley in the 1850s. Now a private residence, the home retains the name St Basil's from when it was a fashionable Convent school.

The Iberville Museum was built in 1949 as the Iberville Parish Courthouse. The building served as the city's first City Hall, and was the city seat of government until 1985. It now serves as a parish museum, and the building is on the National Register of Historic Places.

National Guard

Plaquemine is the home of the 256th Brigade Special Troops Battalion, formerly known as the 1088th Engineer Battalion, a unit made up of combat engineer, military intelligence, signal, military police and other supporting units. The 256th BSTB is part of the 256th Infantry Brigade of the Louisiana Army National Guard that served in Iraq from 2004-2005.



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