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Province of South Carolina facts for kids

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Province of South Carolina
Province of Great Britain

Flag Coat of arms
British Red Ensign Royal coat of arms
Location of South Carolina
An orthographic projection of the world, highlighting South Carolina (green).
Capital city Charlestown
Government Constitutional monarchy
 -  1712–1714 Anne
 -  1714–1727 George I
 -  1727–1760 George II
 -  1760–1776 George III
 -  1712 Robert Gibbes (first)
 -  1775–1776 Lord William Campbell (last)
Legislature General Assembly
 -  Upper house Council
 -  Lower house Assembly
Historical era Georgian era
 -  Partition of Carolina January 24,
 -  Charter of Georgia June 9, 1732
 -  Declaration of Independence from Great Britain July 4,
Today part of United States

Province of South Carolina, originally known as Clarendon Province, was a province of Great Britain that existed in North America from 1712 to 1776. It was one of the five Southern colonies and one of the thirteen American colonies. The monarch of Great Britain was represented by the Governor of South Carolina, until the colonies declared independence on July 4, 1776.


The Carolinas were named for King Charles II of England. Derived from Latin Carolus, the colony was originally "Carolana," the spelling eventually changed to "Carolina." [Note that Carolana was also the name of a failed settlement plan in the late 1690s.] Charles Towne was the first settlement, established in 1670.

Charles II had given the land to a group of eight nobles called the Lords Proprietors; they planned for a Protestant Christian colony. Originally a single proprietary colony, the northern and southern sections grew apart over time, due partly to neglect by the (individual) legal heirs of the original Lords Proprietor. Dissent over governance of the province led to the appointment of a deputy governor to administer the northern half of the Carolina colony in 1691. The division of the Carolina Province into North Carolina and South Carolina became complete in 1712.

The Yamasee War (1715–1717) ravaged the back-country of the colony. Complaints that the proprietors had not done enough to protect the colonists against either the Indians or the neighboring Spanish, during Queen Anne's War, convinced many residents of the necessity of ending proprietary rule. A rebellion broke out against the proprietors in 1719. Acting on a petition of the residents of the colony, the British government appointed a royal governor for South Carolina in 1720. (The governor of North Carolina would continue to be appointed by the Lords Proprietor until 1729.)

After nearly a decade in which the British government sought to locate and buy out the proprietors, both North Carolina and South Carolina became British royal colonies in 1729.

Lord Charles Montagu (1741-1784) was Royal Governor of the Province of South Carolina from 1766 to 1773 until he escaped to Nova Scotia as with fellow United Empire Loyalists.


Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1720 17,048 —    
1730 30,000 +76.0%
1740 45,000 +50.0%
1750 64,000 +42.2%
1760 94,074 +47.0%
1769 125,000 +32.9%
1770 124,244 −0.6%
1775 150,000 +20.7%
Source: 1720–1760; 1769–1775 1770–1775

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See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Provincia de Carolina del Sur para niños

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