Quick facts for kidsSomme
|- left||Avre, Selle|
|Cities||Saint-Quentin, Abbeville, Amiens|
|- location||Fonsomme, Aisne, France|
|- elevation||86 m (282 ft)|
|- location||Saint-Valery-sur-Somme, Somme, France|
|- elevation||0 m (0 ft)|
|Length||245 km (152 mi)|
|Basin||6,550 km² (2,529 sq mi)|
|- average||35.1 m³/s (1,240 cu ft/s)|
|- max||43.00 m³/s (1,519 cu ft/s)|
|- min||27.30 m³/s (964 cu ft/s)|
The name of the river is of Celtic origins, and refers to the tranquility of the river over much of its course. The river is known for the Battle of the Somme, which was an important battle of the First World War.
The Somme river has a length of 245 km (152.2 mi), and a drainage basin with an area of 6,550 km2 (2,529 sq mi).
The Somme passes through the departments and cities of:
- Aisne : Fonsomme, Saint-Quentin
- Somme : Ham, Péronne, Corbie, Amiens, Abbeville, Saint-Valery-sur-Somme
The Somme river flows through 49 communes.
- Left tributaries
- Avre - 66.2 km;
- Selle - 38.9 km;
- Saint-Landon - 13.2 km;
- Airaines - 12.8 km;
- Right tributaries
- Omignon - 32 km;
- Cologne - 23.2 km;
- Tortille - 16.1 km;
- Ancre - 37.4 km;
- Hallue - 15.8 km;
- Nièvre - 22 km;
- Scardon - 12.4 km;
Different archeological finds have been discovered in its valley: The Acheulean culture is named after Saint-Acheul, a suburb of Amiens. Hand axes from the Palaeolithic period were found there, and gave this name to the respective period.
Images for kids
King Edward III Crossing the Somme (at the Battle of Blanchetaque) - 1788 painting by Benjamin West
Somme River Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.