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Somme River facts for kids

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The Somme
Country  France
Region Hauts-de-France
Departments Aisne, Somme
 - left Avre, Selle
 - right Ancre
Cities Saint-Quentin, Abbeville, Amiens
Source Picardy
 - location Fonsomme, Aisne, France
 - elevation 86 m (282 ft)
 - coordinates 50°13′18″N 1°34′0″E / 50.22167°N 1.56667°E / 50.22167; 1.56667
Mouth English Channel
 - location Saint-Valery-sur-Somme, Somme, France
 - elevation m (0 ft)
 - coordinates 50°13′16″N 1°34′0″E / 50.22111°N 1.56667°E / 50.22111; 1.56667
Length 245 km (152 mi)
Basin 6,550 km² (2,529 sq mi)
Discharge for Abbeville
 - average 35.1 /s (1,240 cu ft/s)
 - max 43.00 /s (1,519 cu ft/s)
 - min 27.30 /s (964 cu ft/s)

The Somme is a river in the north of France, in the Hauts-de-France region, and gives its name to the department called Somme.

The name of the river is of Celtic origins, and refers to the tranquility of the river over much of its course. The river is known for the Battle of the Somme, which was an important battle of the First World War.


The Somme river has a length of 245 km (152.2 mi), and a drainage basin with an area of 6,550 km2 (2,529 sq mi).


Source of the Somme in Fonsomme

The source of the Somme is in the Fonsomme commune (Aisne), at an altitude of about 86 m (282 ft).

The Somme passes through the departments and cities of:

The Somme river flows through 49 communes.

Finally, it flows into the English Channel near Saint-Valery-sur-Somme.

Main tributaries

  • Left tributaries
    • Avre - 66.2 km;
    • Selle - 38.9 km;
    • Saint-Landon - 13.2 km;
    • Airaines - 12.8 km;
  • Right tributaries
    • Omignon - 32 km;
    • Cologne - 23.2 km;
    • Tortille - 16.1 km;
    • Ancre - 37.4 km;
    • Hallue - 15.8 km;
    • Nièvre - 22 km;
    • Scardon - 12.4 km;


Different archeological finds have been discovered in its valley: The Acheulean culture is named after Saint-Acheul, a suburb of Amiens. Hand axes from the Palaeolithic period were found there, and gave this name to the respective period.

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See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Río Somme para niños

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