Runcorn, Queensland facts for kids
|Location:||19 km (12 mi) from Brisbane GPO|
|LGA:||City of Brisbane
|State District:||Stretton, Sunnybank|
Runcorn is a suburb on the south side of Brisbane, Queensland, and is about 19 kilometres (12 mi) from Brisbane’s central business district. Beenleigh and Warrigal Roads both run through the suburb, and are the primary links towards inner city Brisbane and beyond. Much of the suburb is bordered by Bulimba Creek, with the secondary source for the creek found within the suburb.
Originally a part of Coopers Plains, the area was designated the Brisbane (later the Eight Mile Plains) Agricultural Reserve. In 1868, the Williams family were the first to settle in the suburb, followed by Reverend J. McLaren a decade later. Rev. McLaren named his farm Runcorn, reportedly after Runcorn, Cheshire, England. Other early settlers include Mrs. Hill and Mr. Story.
The railway began to run through Runcorn in 1885, and further settlement came accordingly. In 1886, the Runcorn Bone Mill was started by Messrs Main, Clazy and Smith, with the fertiliser being used by farmers from regions as far away as New Zealand. At this time the local land was primarily used for farming. Cotton was grown in 1870 which led to the growth of various small crops. The population remained small consisting mainly of fruit and vegetable farmers, the bone mill as well as a couple of chicken and dairy farms.
In 1901, the first school was opened in the area - Runcorn Provisional School (which was renamed to Runcorn State School in 1909). Despite seeming development only six houses between Nathan and Warrigal roads existed in 1922. The Progress Hall was constructed in 1926. Electricity was connected in the suburb in 1933. A second railway station was built in the area in 1935, and named "Fruitgrove" after the surrounding locality/housing estate.
The 1960s saw widespread development of the area and the population boomed over the following two decades. The 1990s saw town houses arrive in the area, and the population jumped once again - from 5,245 to 9,229 ten years later.
The main Brisbane – Gold Coast, Queensland/Beenleigh railway line runs through Runcorn. It is operated by Queensland Rail. Two stations, Runcorn and Fruitgrove, provide access to express and all stop services between Brisbane and Beenleigh. Brisbane–Gold Coast trains do not stop at Runcorn or Fruitgrove stations. These stations recently underwent extensive renovations, including line triplication.
The area is also serviced by TransLink's 150 bus route, which runs approximately every 15 minutes between 6:00 am and 11:00 pm. (Other variations of this main bus route - including the 152, 153, 156, and P157 services - also pass through Runcorn but run less frequently.)
Runcorn has a diverse range of nationalities and ages as with many of the surrounding suburb. In the 2011 census, the population of Runcorn was 14,075 (50.2% female and 49.8% male). The median age of the Runcorn population is 31 years, 6 years below the Australian median. 45.4% of people living in Runcorn were born in Australia, compared to the national average of 69.8%; the next most common countries of birth were China 9.2%, India 4.7%, New Zealand 4%, Taiwan 3.8%, Korea, Republic of 3.8%. 50% of people spoke only English at home; the next most common languages were 13.5% Mandarin, 6.4% Cantonese, 4.2% Korean, 2.2% Punjabi, 2% Vietnamese.
The suburb had an unemployment rate of 7.8%. The median household income was $2,107 a week. The main occupations of the residents are vastly different and include Professionals (22.9%), Clerical and Administrative workers (16%) and Technicians and Trades Workers (13.5%).
Runcorn Progress Hall was built by Tom King in 1926. It was built of chamfer board with a galvanized iron roof and stumps provided by Mr Sirett. It has been a focus for the community for many years, with dances and euchre parties as well as many fund raising and social activities held there. The Methodist Church held services there until they acquired their own church. The hall is now owned by Pinelands Lions Club but is still used by a variety of groups.
Runcorn Bone Mill was started in 1886 by Messrs. Main, Clazy and Smith, and the fertilizer was used by farmers as far away as New Zealand. In 1888, a hundred pleasure seekers from Brisbane caught the train to Runcorn to explore and to visit the bonemill and Mr Williams' Greenhill Nursery. The roof of the mill was blown off by a violent storm in the 1890s. Australian Co-operative Fertilizers bought the mill for $500 in 1918. During the Second World War the area was used by the United States Army and then by the British Navy. After the war it was converted to a sawmill and it later became the big foundry for Bradford Kendall (Bradken).
Runcorn State School began when a building committee was formed and requested a school be built in the area. An Inspector from the Department of Public Instruction decided that the applicants had established their claim for a Provisional School on the site selected, and that a school was needed. In 1901, Runcorn Provisional School opened with 26 pupils but no supplies or furniture. Miss Fraser was the first teacher. As the enrolments grew, classes were held on the verandahs until more classrooms could be provided under the original building. In 1909, the Department took over the running of the school and it became Runcorn State School. By 1929, there were nearly four hundred children enrolled. The numbers peaked in the mid 1970s to around 1100 students.
The current Queensland State Archives building was built on Compton Road in 1992 and opened in 1993.
Runcorn, Queensland Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.