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Russell County, Alabama facts for kids

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Russell County
County courthouse in Phenix City
County courthouse in Phenix City
Map of Alabama highlighting Russell County
Location within the U.S. state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location within the U.S.
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Country  United States
State  Alabama
Founded December 18, 1832
Named for Gilbert C. Russell
Seat Phenix City
Largest city Phenix City
Area
 • Total 647 sq mi (1,680 km2)
 • Land 641 sq mi (1,660 km2)
 • Water 6.1 sq mi (16 km2)  0.9%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 59,183
 • Density 91.47/sq mi (35.318/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 3rd
  • County Number 57 on Alabama Licence Plates
  • Officially in Central Time, but Phenix City unofficially uses Eastern Time

Russell County is a county in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2020 census, the population was 59,183. Its county seat is Phenix City. Its name is in honor of Colonel Gilbert C. Russell, who fought in the wars against the Creek Indians.

Russell County is part of the Columbus, GA-AL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Russell County was established by an act of the state general assembly on December 18, 1832, from lands ceded to the state by the Creek Indians. The county seat has changed several times: Girard (1833–1839), Crawford originally Crockettsville (1839–1868), Seale (1868–1935) and Phenix City (1935–present). It was named for War of 1812, Col. Gilbert Christian Russell, Sr., 1782–1861, 3rd U.S. Infantry.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 647 square miles (1,680 km2), of which 641 square miles (1,660 km2) is land and 6.1 square miles (16 km2) (0.9%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 80.svg U.S. Highway 80
  • US 280.svg U.S. Highway 280
  • US 431.svg U.S. Highway 431
  • Alabama 26.svg State Route 26
  • Alabama 51.svg State Route 51
  • Alabama 165.svg State Route 165
  • Alabama 169.svg State Route 169
  • Alabama 208.svg State Route 208

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 13,513
1850 19,548 44.7%
1860 26,592 36.0%
1870 21,636 −18.6%
1880 24,837 14.8%
1890 24,093 −3.0%
1900 27,083 12.4%
1910 25,937 −4.2%
1920 27,448 5.8%
1930 27,377 −0.3%
1940 35,775 30.7%
1950 40,364 12.8%
1960 46,351 14.8%
1970 45,394 −2.1%
1980 47,356 4.3%
1990 46,860 −1.0%
2000 49,756 6.2%
2010 52,947 6.4%
2020 59,183 11.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2020

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 52,947 people living in the county. 53.7% were White, 41.8% Black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.4% Native American, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 1.3% of some other race and 2.1% of two or more races. 3.7% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census of 2000, there were 49,756 people, 19,741 households, and 13,423 families living in the county. The population density was 78 people per square mile (30/km2). There were 22,831 housing units, at an average density of 14/km2 (36/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was: 56.69% White, 40.84% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 1.07% from two or more races. Nearly 1.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 19,741 households, out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them; 44.40% were married couples living together, 18.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.00% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49, and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.50% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,492, and the median income for a family was $34,004. Males had a median income of $28,696 versus $20,882 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,015. About 16.80% of families and 19.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.50% of those under age 18 and 19.30% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

City

Town

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

Former City

  • Girard (merged with Phenix City in 1923)

Notable person

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