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Muscogee County, Georgia facts for kids

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Muscogee County
Columbus Consolidated Government Center
Columbus Consolidated Government Center
Map of Georgia highlighting Muscogee County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Georgia
Founded June 9, 1826; 196 years ago (1826)
Named for Muscogee people
Seat Columbus
Largest city Columbus
 • Total 221 sq mi (570 km2)
 • Land 216 sq mi (560 km2)
 • Water 4.6 sq mi (12 km2)  2.1%%
 • Estimate 
 • Density 878/sq mi (339/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts 2nd, 3rd

Muscogee County is a county located on the central western border of the U.S. state of Georgia; its western border with the state of Alabama is formed by the Chattahoochee River. As of the 2010 census, the population was 189,885. Its county seat and only city is Columbus, with which it has been a consolidated city-county since the beginning of 1971.

Muscogee County is part of Columbus, GA-AL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The only other city in the county was Bibb City, a company town that disincorporated in December 2000, two years after its mill closed permanently. Fort Benning, a large Army installation, takes up nearly one quarter of the county and extends into Chattahoochee County; it generates considerable economic power in the region.


Inhabited for thousands of years by varying cultures of indigenous peoples, this area was territory of the historic Creek people at the time of European encounter.

The land for Lee, Muscogee, Troup, Coweta, and Carroll counties was ceded by a certain eight chiefs among the Creek people in the 1825 Treaty of Indian Springs. The Creek Nation declared the land cession illegal, because it did not represent the will of the majority of the people. The United States Senate did not ratify it. The following year, the US government negotiated another treaty with the Creek, by which they ceded nearly as much territory under continued pressure from the state of Georgia and US land commissioners.

The counties' boundaries were created by the Georgia General Assembly on June 9, but they were not named until December 14 of 1826. The county was originally developed by European Americans for cotton plantations, with labor accomplished by enslaved African Americans. A total of one million African Americans were brought into the Deep South through the domestic slave trade from the Upper South, breaking up countless families and creating a massive demographic shift. In many areas of what became known as the Black Belt for the fertility of soil and development of plantations, African Americans made up the majority of population in many counties.

This county was named by European Americans for the native Muscogee or Creek people. Parts of the then-large county (which extended east to the Flint River) were later taken to create every other neighboring Georgia county, including Harris County to the north in 1827.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 221 square miles (570 km2), of which 216 square miles (560 km2) is land and 4.6 square miles (12 km2) (2.1%) is water.

The majority of Muscogee County, from north of Columbus running northeast in the direction of Ellerslie, is located in the Middle Chattahoochee River-Walter F. George Lake sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin). The northwestern corner of the county, south of Fortson, is located in the Middle Chattahoochee River-Lake Harding sub-basin of the same ACF River Basin.

Major highways

  • I-185 (GA).svg Interstate 185
  • US 27.svg U.S. Route 27
  • Alternate plate.svg
    US 27.svg U.S. Route 27 Alternate
  • US 80.svg U.S. Route 80
  • US 280.svg U.S. Route 280
  • Georgia 1.svg State Route 1
  • Georgia 22.svg State Route 22
  • Georgia 22 Connector.svg State Route 22 Connector
  • Georgia 22 Spur.svg State Route 22 Spur
  • Georgia 85.svg State Route 85
  • Georgia 219.svg State Route 219
  • Georgia 411.svg State Route 411 (unsigned designation for I-185)
  • Georgia 520.svg State Route 520
  • Georgia 540.svg State Route 540 (Fall Line Freeway) (future)

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 3,508
1840 11,699 233.5%
1850 18,578 58.8%
1860 16,584 −10.7%
1870 16,663 0.5%
1880 19,322 16.0%
1890 27,761 43.7%
1900 29,836 7.5%
1910 36,227 21.4%
1920 44,195 22.0%
1930 57,558 30.2%
1940 75,494 31.2%
1950 118,028 56.3%
1960 158,623 34.4%
1970 167,377 5.5%
1980 170,108 1.6%
1990 179,278 5.4%
2000 186,291 3.9%
2010 189,885 1.9%
2020 206,922 9.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2019

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 189,885 people, 74,081 households, and 47,742 families living in the county. The population density was 877.5 inhabitants per square mile (338.8/km2). There were 82,690 housing units at an average density of 382.1 per square mile (147.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 46.3% white, 45.5% black or African American, 2.2% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.2% Pacific islander, 2.4% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 6.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 8.7% were Irish, 8.4% were German, 6.7% were English, and 6.3% were American.

Of the 74,081 households, 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.3% were married couples living together, 21.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.6% were non-families, and 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.08. The median age was 33.5 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,331 and the median income for a family was $50,771. Males had a median income of $37,618 versus $31,430 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,514. About 14.8% of families and 18.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.3% of those under age 18 and 13.0% of those age 65 or over.

2020 census

Columbus racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 79,083 38.22%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 94,701 45.77%
Native American 488 0.24%
Asian 5,546 2.68%
Pacific Islander 517 0.25%
Other/Mixed 10,074 4.87%
Hispanic or Latino 16,513 7.98%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 206,922 people, 73,134 households, and 45,689 families residing in the city.



Higher education



  • Beacon University (Seminary)
  • Rivertown School of Beauty
  • Southeastern Beauty School
  • Meadows Junior College
  • University of Phoenix

Primary and secondary education

Public schools

Columbus is home to 65 public schools, all operated by the Muscogee County School District.

Private and religion-based schools

  • Brookstone School (K-12)
  • Calvary Christian School (Christian, K-12)
  • Edgewood Christian School (Baptist, K-12)
  • Grace Christian School (Christian, K-12)
  • Hallie Turner Private School (9-12)
  • Kip Christian Academy (Christian, K-8)
  • New Bethel Christian Academy (Seventh-day Adventist, K-8)
  • Our Lady of Lourdes School (Catholic, K-8)
  • Our Redeemer Christian Academy (Christian, K-12)
  • Pinehurst Christian School (Baptist, K-8)
  • St. Anne‒Pacelli Catholic School (Catholic, K-12)
  • Victory Academy (K-8)
  • Westminster Christian School (Christian, K-8)
  • Wynnbrook Christian School (Baptist, K-12)


In regards to homeschooling, the Official Code of Georgia Annotated states the following:

Required Subjects: A basic academic educational program that includes, but is not limited to, reading, language arts, math, social studies, and science. [Ga. Code Ann. § 20-2-690(c)(4).]

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