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Chattahoochee County, Georgia facts for kids

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Chattahoochee County
Chattahoochee County Courthouse in Cusseta
Chattahoochee County Courthouse in Cusseta
Map of Georgia highlighting Chattahoochee County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Georgia
Founded 1854
Named for Chattahoochee River
Seat Cusseta
Largest city Cusseta
Area
 • Total 251 sq mi (650 km2)
 • Land 249 sq mi (640 km2)
 • Water 2.4 sq mi (6 km2)  1.0%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2015)
11,368
 • Density 45/sq mi (17/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 2nd

Chattahoochee County, also known as Cusseta-Chattahoochee County, is a county located in the west central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,267. The county seat is Cusseta, with which the county shares a consolidated city-county government. Despite the city-county government Cusseta is not coterminous with the county; it remains a geographically distinct municipality within the county. The county was created on February 13, 1854.

Chattahoochee County is included in the Columbus, GA-AL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

The Georgia General Assembly created Chattahoochee County on February 13, 1854, from portions of Muscogee and Marion counties. It is named for the Chattahoochee River that forms its western boundary. The county seat was named Cusseta to commemorate the Creek Indian town that once existed nearby. In 2004-2005, the US Census Bureau reported a 6.2% population decline, making it top on the national list of counties with shrinking population.

The original courthouse, built in 1854 by slaves, is preserved at the tourist attraction of Westville, near Lumpkin.

Since 1918 most of county has been occupied by the Fort Benning military reservation.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 251 square miles (650 km2), of which 249 square miles (640 km2) is land and 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2) (1.0%) is water.

The vast majority of Chattahoochee County is located in the Middle Chattahoochee River-Walter F. George Lake sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin). The very small southeastern corner of the county is located in the Kinchafoonee-Muckalee sub-basin of the same larger ACF Basin.

Major highways

  • US 27.svg U.S. Route 27
  • US 280.svg U.S. Route 280
  • Georgia 1.svg State Route 1
  • Georgia 26.svg State Route 26
  • Georgia 355.svg State Route 355
  • Georgia 520.svg State Route 520

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 5,797
1870 6,059 4.5%
1880 5,670 −6.4%
1890 4,902 −13.5%
1900 5,790 18.1%
1910 5,586 −3.5%
1920 5,266 −5.7%
1930 8,894 68.9%
1940 15,138 70.2%
1950 12,149 −19.7%
1960 13,011 7.1%
1970 25,813 98.4%
1980 21,732 −15.8%
1990 16,934 −22.1%
2000 14,882 −12.1%
2010 11,267 −24.3%
Est. 2015 11,368 0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 11,267 people, 2,686 households, and 2,067 families residing in the county. The population density was 45.3 inhabitants per square mile (17.5/km2). There were 3,376 housing units at an average density of 13.6 per square mile (5.3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 68.8% white, 18.8% black or African American, 2.2% Asian, 0.7% American Indian, 0.6% Pacific islander, 4.4% from other races, and 4.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 12.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 17.5% were German, 14.9% were Irish, 10.1% were English, 6.8% were Italian, and 3.1% were American.

Of the 2,686 households, 53.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.0% were non-families, and 19.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.45. The median age was 24.0 years. The county is notable for having the most millennials (15-34 years old) of any county within the United States: 59.7%

The median income for a household in the county was $51,089 and the median income for a family was $55,745. Males had a median income of $41,117 versus $31,422 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,202. About 14.7% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.4% of those under age 18 and 30.7% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

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