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Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni
Subprefecture
Church of Saint Laurent du Maroni
Church of Saint Laurent du Maroni
Coat of arms of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni
Coat of arms
Country France
Department French Guiana
Arrondissement Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni
Intercommunality Ouest guyanais
Founded 1856
Commune 1949
Area
 • Total 4,830 km2 (1,860 sq mi)
Elevation 9 m (30 ft)
Highest elevation 15 m (49 ft)
Lowest elevation 2 m (7 ft)
Population (2014)
 • Total 44,169
 • Density 9.145/km2 (23.685/sq mi)
 • Demonym Saint-Laurentins
Postal code 97320
INSEE code 97311
Website Official website

Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni is a commune and subprefecture of the French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France that is in northern South America.

Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni is a border town in northwest French Guiana. It is the second most populous city of French Guiana, after Cayenne.

Name

The name was given in 1856 by the Governor of French Guiana, Auguste Laurent Bauding, after his father and grandfather. Because the town is on the side of the Maroni river, the name was completed as is now: Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni.

History

The town was made a commune in 1949. In 1969, it was made the capital of the new arrondissement of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni.

Geography

Map-Saint Laurent du Maroni
In red, the commune of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni

Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni is a city in northwestern French Guiana to the west of Cayenne, on the Maroni River (in Dutch: Marowijne), opposite the town of Albina in Suriname which can be reached by ferry or small boats.

The commune has an area of 4,830 km2 (1,860 sq mi); at the city hall, the altitude is 9 m (30 ft). It includes some islands in the river: Île Portal, Île de la Quarantaine and Île aux Lépreux.

The Maroni river flows through the commune, to which it gives part of its name. Many of its tributaries also flows the commune: Crique Sparouine (on the southern border), Crique Bastien, Crique Serpent, Crique des cascades, Crique Awara, Crique Balaté, Crique Margot, Crique Chameau, Crique aux bœufs lamentins and Crique Vaches (on the northern border).

Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni is surrounded by the communes Mana to the north and east, Grand-Santi to the south and southwest and Apatou to the northwest.

Climate

Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni has a Tropical rainforest climate (Köppen climate classification: Af) in which there is no dry season - all months have mean precipitation values of at least 60 millimetres (2.4 in).

The average temperature for the year in Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni is 26.7 °C (80.1 °F). The warmest month, on average, is September with an average temperature of 27.8 °C (82.0 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 26.1 °C (79.0 °F).

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni is 2,593.3 mm (102.1 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is May with 345.4 mm (13.6 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is October with an average of 101.6 mm (4.0 in).

Climate data for Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni, French Guiana, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
28
(82)
28.4
(83.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
26.3
(79.4)
Average low °C (°F) 23
(73)
23
(73)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23.5
(74.3)
Rainfall mm (inches) 260
(10.24)
180
(7.09)
190
(7.48)
240
(9.45)
340
(13.39)
330
(12.99)
240
(9.45)
170
(6.69)
110
(4.33)
100
(3.94)
160
(6.3)
240
(9.45)
2,560
(100.79)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Demographics

The inhabitants of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni are known, in French, as Saint-Laurentins (women: Saint-Laurentines).

The commune of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni has a population, in 2014, of 44,169; its population density is of 9.1 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni

Gallery

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