Shelby County, Iowa facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Shelby County, Iowa
Map
Map of Iowa highlighting Shelby County
Location in the state of Iowa
Map of the USA highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1851
Seat Harlan
Largest City Harlan
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

591 sq mi (1,531 km²)
591 sq mi (1,531 km²)
0.6 sq mi (2 km²), 0.1%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

11,927
21/sq mi (8/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.shco.org
Named for: Isaac Shelby

Shelby County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,167. The county seat is Harlan. Its name is in honor of Isaac Shelby, the first Governor of Kentucky.

History

Shelby County was formed on January 15, 1851. It was named after General Isaac Shelby, a hero in the American Revolutionary War and the first Governor of Kentucky.

Early settling in Shelby County began in 1848 in Galland’s Grove. On February 4, 1855, Shelbyville was designated the county seat. In April, 1859, the seat was moved to Harlan. One year later the first courthouse was erected and a second courthouse was constructed in 1875. In 1892, the construction of the present courthouse was begun, this time of stone and three storeys high. The construction was completed in 1893 with the dedication on September 14. The 1892 Shelby County Courthouse and the surrounding buildings are all listed in the National Register of Historic places effective September 23, 1994. In 1978, the building was extensively restored and still serves as the courthouse.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 591 square miles (1,530 km2), of which 591 square miles (1,530 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) (0.1%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 59.svg U.S. Highway 59
  • Iowa 37.svg Iowa Highway 37
  • Iowa 44.svg Iowa Highway 44
  • Iowa 173.svg Iowa Highway 173
  • Iowa 191.svg Iowa Highway 191

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 818
1870 2,540 210.5%
1880 12,696 399.8%
1890 17,611 38.7%
1900 17,932 1.8%
1910 16,552 −7.7%
1920 16,065 −2.9%
1930 17,131 6.6%
1940 16,720 −2.4%
1950 15,942 −4.7%
1960 15,825 −0.7%
1970 15,528 −1.9%
1980 15,043 −3.1%
1990 13,230 −12.1%
2000 13,173 −0.4%
2010 12,167 −7.6%
Est. 2015 11,927 −2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2010 census

The 2010 census recorded a population of 12,167 in the county, with a population density of 20.5931/sq mi (7.9510/km2). There were 5,542 housing units, of which 5,085 were occupied.

2000 census

USA Shelby County, Iowa age pyramid
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Shelby County

As of the census of 2000, there were 13,173 people, 5,173 households, and 3,703 families residing in the county. The population density was 22 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 5,459 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.68% White, 0.10% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.18% from other races, and 0.48% from two or more races. 0.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,173 households out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.30% were married couples living together, 6.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.40% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.40% under the age of 18, 5.70% from 18 to 24, 25.20% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 20.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,442, and the median income for a family was $44,681. Males had a median income of $29,402 versus $20,296 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,969. About 4.30% of families and 6.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.00% of those under age 18 and 7.60% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated places

Townships

  • Cass Township
  • Clay Township
  • Douglas Township
  • Fairview Township
  • Greeley Township
  • Grove Township
  • Center Township
  • Jackson Township
  • Jefferson Township
  • Lincoln Township
  • Monroe Township
  • Polk Township
  • Shelby Township
  • Union Township
  • Washington Township
  • Westphalia Township

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Shelby County.

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Harlan City 5,106
2 Elk Horn City 662
3 Shelby (partially in Pottawattamie County) City 641
4 Earling City 437
5 Irwin City 341
6 Defiance City 284
7 Panama City 221
8 Portsmouth City 195
9 Westphalia City 127
10 Tennant City 68
11 Kirkman City 64
12 Jacksonville CDP 30
13 Corley CDP 26

Shelby County, Iowa Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.