Shiga Prefecture facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

Shiga Prefecture (滋賀県 Shiga-ken) is a prefecture in the Kansai region of Japan on the island of Honshu. The capital is the city of Ōtsu.


Shiga used to be called Ōmi Province or Gōshū before Japan began using the prefectural system.


Shiga borders Fukui Prefecture in the north Gifu Prefecture is in the east. Mie Prefecture is in the southeast. Kyoto Prefecture is in the west.

Lake Biwa is at the center of this prefecture. The lake divides the prefecture into four areas:

  • Kohoku (湖北), north of lake and centered at Nagahama
  • Kosei (湖西), west of lake and centered at Imazu
  • Kotō (湖東), east of lake and centered at Hikone
  • Konan (湖南), south of lake and centered at Ōtsu


Cities in Shiga Prefecture include

  • Higashiōmi
  • Hikone
  • Iga
  • Kōka
  • Konan
  • Kusatsu
  • Maibara
  • Moriyama
  • Nagahama
  • Ōtsu (capital)
  • Ōmihachiman
  • Rittō
  • Takashima
  • Yasu

National Parks

National Parks are established in about 37% of the total land area of the prefecture.


The University of Shiga Prefecture
University of Shiga Prefecture

There are ten universities, two junior colleges, and a learning center of The Open University of Japan in Shiga.

  • Shiga University (Hikone and Otsu)
  • Shiga University of Medical Science (Otsu)
  • University of Shiga Prefecture (Hikone)
  • Shiga Junior College (Otsu)
  • Shiga Bunkyo Junior College (Nagahama)
  • Seian University of Art and Design (Otsu)
  • Seisen University (Hikone)
  • Nagahama Institute of Bio-Science and Technology (Nagahama)
  • Biwako-Gakuin University (Higashiomi)
  • Biwako-Gakuin College (Higashiomi)
  • Biwako Seikei Sport College (Otsu)
  • Ritsumeikan University (Kyoto and Kusatsu)
  • Ryukoku University (Kyoto and Otsu)

Sister states

Shiga has agreements with three states.

Shrines and Temples

Takebe jinja is the chief Shinto shrine (ichinomiya) in the prefecture.

Related pages

Images for kids

Shiga Prefecture Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.