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Titusville, Pennsylvania
PA 8-27 in Titusville.jpg
Etymology: Jonathan Titus
The Queen City
The Valley That Changed the World
Location of Titusville in Crawford County, Pennsylvania
Location of Titusville in Crawford County, Pennsylvania
Titusville, Pennsylvania is located in Pennsylvania
Titusville, Pennsylvania
Titusville, Pennsylvania
Location in Pennsylvania
Titusville, Pennsylvania is located in the United States
Titusville, Pennsylvania
Titusville, Pennsylvania
Location in the United States
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Crawford
Incorporated (city) February 28, 1866
Founded by Jonathan Titus
Region government/seat Council–manager
 • City 2.90 sq mi (7.51 km2)
 • Land 2.90 sq mi (7.51 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
(middle of city)
1,200 ft (400 m)
Highest elevation
(northeast corner of city)
1,621 ft (494 m)
Lowest elevation
(Oil Creek)
1,150 ft (350 m)
 • City 5,601
 • Estimate 
 • Density 1,778.62/sq mi (686.62/km2)
 • Urban
Time zone UTC-4 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (EDT)
ZIP Code
Area code(s) 814
FIPS code 42-76904

Titusville is a city in the far east corner of Crawford County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 5,601 at the 2010 census and an estimated 5,158 in 2019. Titusville is known as the birthplace of the American oil industry and for a number of years was the leading oil-producing region in the world. Titusville was notable for its lumber industry, including 17 sawmills, as well as its plastic and toolmaking industries.


The area was first settled in 1796 by Jonathan Titus. Within 14 years, others bought and improved the land lying near him, along the banks of the now-named Oil Creek. He named the village Edinburg(h), but as the village grew, the settlers began to call this little hamlet Titusville. The village was incorporated as a borough in 1849.

Lumber was the principal industry with at least 17 sawmills in the area.

The Titusville City Hall and Titusville Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Oil Rush

Further information: Pennsylvania oil rush
Titusville, Pennsylvania, 1896
Titusville in 1896, by Thaddeus Mortimer Fowler

Titusville was a slow-growing community until the 1850s, when petroleum was discovered in the region.

Oil was known to exist here, but there was no practical way to extract it. Its main use at that time had been as a medicine for both animals and humans. In the late 1850s Seneca Oil Company (formerly the Pennsylvania Rock Oil Company) sent Col. Edwin L. Drake, to start drilling on a piece of leased land just south of Titusville near what is now Oil Creek State Park. Drake hired a salt well driller, William A. Smith, in the summer of 1859. They had many difficulties, but on August 27 at the site of an oil spring just south of Titusville, they finally drilled a well that could be commercially successful.

Teamsters were needed immediately to transport the oil to markets. Transporting methods improved and in 1862 the Oil Creek & Titusville Railroad was built between Titusville and Corry where it was transferred to other, larger east-west lines. In 1865 pipelines were laid directly to the rail line and the demand for teamsters practically ended. The next year the railroad line was extended south to Petroleum Centre and Oil City. The Union City & Titusville Railroad was built in 1865. That line became part of the Philadelphia & Erie Railroad in 1871. That fall, President U. S. Grant visited Titusville to view this important region.

Other oil-related businesses quickly exploded on the scene. Eight refineries were built between 1862 and 1868. Drilling tools were needed and several iron works were built. Titusville grew from 250 residents to 10,000 almost overnight and in 1866 it incorporated as a city. In 1871, the first oil exchange in the United States was established here. The exchange moved from the city, but returned in 1881 in a new, brick building before being dissolved in 1897.

The first oil millionaire was Jonathan Watson, a resident of Titusville. He owned the land where Drake's well was drilled. He had been a partner in a lumber business prior to the success of the Drake well. At one time it was said that Titusville had more millionaires per 1,000 population than anywhere else in the world.

One resident of note was Franklin S. Tarbell whose large Italianate home still stands. He first moved a few miles south in Venango County and established a wooden stock tank business. About 10 miles (16 km) southeast of Titusville was another oil boom city, Pithole. Oil was discovered in a rolling meadow there in January 1865 and by September 1865 the population was 15,000. But the oil soon ran dry and within four years the city was nearly deserted. Tarbell moved to Titusville in 1870. His daughter, Ida Minerva Tarbell, grew up amidst the sounds and smells of the oil industry. She became an accomplished writer and wrote a series of articles about the business practices of the Standard Oil Company and its president, John D. Rockefeller, which sparked legislative action in Congress concerning monopolies.

Mare Island Naval Shipyard School boiler
1945 ship boiler built by Titusville Iron Works

Fire was always a fearful concern around oil and one of the worst was on June 11, 1880. It came to be known as "Black Friday," when almost 300,000 barrels (48,000 m3) of oil burned after an oil tank was hit by lightning. The fire raged for three days until it finally was brought under control. Although the oil was valued at $2 million, there was no loss of life. Another fire occurred on June 5, 1892, when Oil Creek flooded and a tank of petroleum ether overturned. The petroleum ether ignited and in the ensuing explosions 60 men, women and children died. Another lightning strike in 1894 resulted in 27,000 barrels (4,300 m3) lost in a fire.

Oil production in Pennsylvania peaked in 1891, when other industries arose in Titusville. The iron and steel industries dominated the town in the early twentieth century with lumber eventually reclaiming its former cachet. Oil is still relevant, however. Charter Plastics Company, now located in a building that once manufactured pressure vessels, stationary engines and boilers for the oil industry, uses oil in its production process.


Titusville is located at 41°38′N 79°40′W / 41.633°N 79.667°W / 41.633; -79.667 (41.629, -79.674).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.9 square miles (7.5 km2), all land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 245
1860 438 78.8%
1870 8,639 1,872.4%
1880 11,982 38.7%
1890 12,786 6.7%
1900 11,738 −8.2%
1910 9,982 −15.0%
1920 8,432 −15.5%
1930 8,055 −4.5%
1940 8,126 0.9%
1950 8,923 9.8%
1960 8,356 −6.4%
1970 7,331 −12.3%
1980 6,884 −6.1%
1990 6,434 −6.5%
2000 6,146 −4.5%
2010 5,601 −8.9%
2020 5,262 −6.1%

As of the 2017 United States Census, there were 5,418 people, 2,397 households, and 1,337 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,931.2 inhabitants per square mile (745.6/km2). There were 2,876 housing units at an average density of 901.7 per square mile (348.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.2% White, 1.9% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 2,322 households, out of which 25.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.2% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.4% were non-families. 37.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 19.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 22.8% under the age of 18, 11.7% from 18 to 24, 22.2% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,978 and the median income for a family was $39,679. Males had a median income of $27,283 versus $20,458 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,915. About 13.0% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.4% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.

Tourism and recreation

The Drake Well Museum is a 290-acre (1.2 km2) park where Colonel Edwin Drake successfully drilled for oil. It consists of a museum with artifacts, outdoor operating oil field equipment and a research library with photographs, manuscripts and more. The Drake Well Replica operates from May to September and the site and museum are open year-round with frequent demonstrations and tours.

The Oil Creek and Titusville Railroad has a station in Titusville. This scenic ride takes travelers to nearby Oil City.

Titusville has a yearly Oil Festival in August.


The area is served by the Titusville Area School District which includes Titusville High School, Titusville Middle School, Mainstreet Elementary. Pleasantville Elementary, Hydetown Elementary, ECLC.


Haskell Memorial Library at University of Pittsburgh Titusville
University of Pittsburgh at Titusville


  • Crawford Area Transportation Authority
  • Titusville Regional Airport

Notable people

  • Joseph Bushnell Ames (1878–1928), novelist
  • Peter Ashmun Ames (1888–1920), British Army intelligence officer
  • William Henry Andrews (1846–1919), politician
  • J. J. Bleday (b. 1997), baseball player signed to Miami Marlins; attended Titusville High School
  • Julien Bryan (1899–1974), photographer, filmmaker, and documentarian during World War II
  • Axtell J. Byles (1880–1941), football player and coach
  • Shane Callahan, film and television actor
  • Edwin L. Drake (1819–1880), first man to discover oil; discovered in Titusville
  • Ralph Dunn (1900–1968), actor and filmmaker
  • Thomas Griffin (1857–1933), MLB player
  • William Draper Harkins (1873–1951) chemist, notable for his contributions to nuclear chemistry
  • Ray Harroun (1879–1968), race car driver; first Indianapolis 500 winner
  • Thomas Hazzard (1871–1957), football player and Christian minister
  • John Heisman (1869–1936), player and coach of football, baseball, and basketball, as well as a sportswriter and actor
  • Helen Jepson (1904–1997), opera singer
  • Paul S. L. Johnson (1873–1950), scholar and pastor, founder of the Laymen's Home Missionary Movement
  • Harry Jordan ( 1873–1920), Major League Baseball pitcher for the Pittsburgh Pirates
  • R. A. Mihailoff, actor and wrestler
  • David N. Ott (1937-2020), Maine state representative and lawyer
  • John E. Peterson (b. 1938), congressman
  • Dane Rauschenberg (b. 1976), endurance athlete
  • Rocky Reynolds, professional wrestler; former four-time NWA World Junior Heavyweight Champion
  • Jeannie Seely (b. 1940), Grand Ole Opry Star
  • John Washington Steele (1843–1920), flamboyant oilman, first millionaire from oil
  • Ida Tarbell (1857–1944), teacher, journalist
  • Ray Tesser (1912–1982), NFL player
  • Francis Thompson, film director

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Titusville (Pensilvania) para niños

National Hispanic Heritage Month on Kiddle
Hispanic astronauts
Joseph M. Acaba
Sidney M. Gutierrez
George D. Zamka
John D. Olivas
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