Two Harbors, Minnesota facts for kids

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Two Harbors, Minnesota
City
Aerial view of Two Harbors
Aerial view of Two Harbors
Location of the city of Two Harborswithin Lake County, Minnesota
Location of the city of Two Harbors
within Lake County, Minnesota
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Lake
Area
 • Total 3.30 sq mi (8.55 km2)
 • Land 3.30 sq mi (8.55 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 669 ft (204 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 3,745
 • Estimate (2015) 3,578
 • Density 1,134.8/sq mi (438.1/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 55616
Area code(s) 218
FIPS code 27-65956
GNIS feature ID 0658799
Website City of Two Harbors

Two Harbors is a city in and the county seat of Lake County, Minnesota, United States, along the shore of Lake Superior. The population was 3,745 at the 2010 census

Minnesota Highway 61 serves as a main route in Two Harbors. Gooseberry Falls State Park is located 13 miles (21 km) to the northeast.

History

Storefronts TwoHarborsMN
Storefronts in Two Harbors

In the early years Two Harbors consisted of two separate communities called Agate Bay and Burlington. The village of Burlington along Burlington Bay was platted in 1856, first incorporated on May 23, 1857; it had a post office that operated from 1856 until 1862. The first residence constructed in Agate Bay was owned by Thomas Sexton (1854), he created a fourteen by sixteen foot shack. The early settlers lived in primitive conditions, which was common for both the area and time. Their homes were made of logs and had dirt floors. Diets often consisted of homegrown vegetables and animals that could be caught in the area (at that time there were many dense forests, so deer meat was not an abundant food source). The village of Agate Bay was created with the construction camp as work on the new railroad began in 1883. The village of Two Harbors was platted in 1885 but was not incorporated until 1888. Early transportation to the village was by boats under contract with the new Duluth & Iron Range Railroad. It took only "one short day" to get from Duluth to Two Harbors. By 1886 the D&IR completed the Lake Division connecting Duluth and Two Harbors with passenger service that extended to Ely MN. Thirty five logging camps were set up within the vicinity, one of these located on Fourth Avenue. On February 26, 1907, the village reincorporated as the City of Two Harbors. The town's history is included in the Lake County Historical Depot Museum.

Whiskey Row

Photograph of Loading Docks at Two Harbors, Minnesota - NARA - 2127490
Loading Docks at Two Harbors, 1927

By 1883 the Minnesota Iron Company had purchased all but four acres of Thomas Sextons land around Agate Bay. Sexton leased his remaining four acres to merchants seeking to capitalize on the 600 man workforce arriving to build the Duluth & Iron Range Railroad. He divided his four acres into 32 lots. As with any frontier town of the day it was a largely male population. The infamous four acre plot earned the nickname Whiskey Row, and was said to exist for the sole purpose of "relieving a man from his pay". Contrary to popular myth Whiskey Row was not destroyed by a fire in 1888. There was fire but it occurred before the first load of ore arrived in July 1884 and only seven buildings were damaged. It was reported that the merchants affected were in Duluth the next day purchasing materials to rebuild. The demise of Whiskey row occurred the following year.

The railroad rapidly expanded its rail and shipping operations and it needed all of the shoreline for its new coal handling and storage facility. By 1885 the Minnesota Iron Company convinced Thomas Sexton to sell his remaining four acres along Agate Bay. The railroad then simply evicted the tenants and moved any of the salvageable buildings inland. There are several homes in "east" Two Harbors whose original structures were built on Whiskey Row.

Geography and Climate

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.30 square miles (8.55 km2), all of it land.

Two Harbors is located 20 miles northeast of the city of Duluth.

It is located along Lake Superior, which contributes the two natural harbors for which Two Harbors is named, Burlington Bay and Agate Bay. The warmest month in the year is July with the coldest month being January. The record high temperature was 99 °F (37 °C) in 1948 with the coldest temperature on record being −36 °F (−38 °C) in 1996. According to the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources (DNR), Two Harbors is located in a region called the Laurentian Mixed Forest Province which contains broad areas of coniferous forest, mixed hardwood, and conifer bogs and swamps. The region averages 21 to 32 inches (810 mm) of precipitation per year and has an average temperature of 34 to 40 °F (4 °C).

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 1,224
1900 3,278 167.8%
1910 4,990 52.2%
1920 4,546 −8.9%
1930 4,425 −2.7%
1940 4,046 −8.6%
1950 4,400 8.7%
1960 4,695 6.7%
1970 4,437 −5.5%
1980 4,039 −9.0%
1990 3,651 −9.6%
2000 3,613 −1.0%
2010 3,745 3.7%
Est. 2015 3,578 −4.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
2013 Estimate

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 3,745 people, 1,649 households, and 951 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,134.8 inhabitants per square mile (438.1/km2). There were 1,799 housing units at an average density of 545.2 per square mile (210.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.2% White, 0.2% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population.

There were 1,649 households of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.5% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.3% were non-families. 36.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.85.

The median age in the city was 41.3 years. 22% of residents were under the age of 18; 8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.9% were from 25 to 44; 25.1% were from 45 to 64; and 21.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.4% male and 52.6% female.

2000 census

As of the 2000 census, there were 3,613 people, 1,636 households, and 953 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,120.7 people per square mile (433.2/km²). There were 1,631 housing units at an average density of 505.9 per square mile (195.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.06% White, 0.06% African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.08% from other races, and 1.02% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.61% of the population. 19.4% were of Norwegian, 18.0% Swedish, 12.2% German, 9.6% Finnish, 8.0% Irish and 5.7% English ancestry.

There were 1,523 households out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the city, the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 21.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 86.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,708, and the median income for a family was $47,113. Males had a median income of $39,712 versus $29,076 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,793. About 7.2% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.7% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.

Events, tourism, and festivies

The Edna G. Tugboat

Built in 1896, the Edna G. was named after the president of the railroad's daughter, Edna Greatsinger, this tug is "one of a kind". The Edna G. stayed in Two Harbors its entire working career except for a small stint during World War II it spent two years on the east coast moving warships around. Until its retirement in 1981, the Edna G. was the last coal-fired, steam-powered tugboat in operation of the Great Lakes. The boat is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Tours of this vessel are available from trained guides in the spring-fall from 10am to 5pm. A trip includes a visit to the engine room, and seeing the pilot house, where the passengers are allowed to blow the horn.

The Legend of John Beargrease

Mok-qua Bennete, or John Beargrease as he was better known, was an Ojibway man who delivered the mail between Two Harbors and Grand Marais. The following is a story found in "Memoirs and Experiences at Beaver Bay and Duluth" by H.P. Wieland, as told by Mrs. John Stein (the first caucasian child born in Lake County) about how John engaged a bear.

"Mok-qua Bennette was his real name. On the way to Beaver Bay in 1870 he spied a bear (named Mok-qua) sunning itself under a large spruce. Because of weather conditions - three feet of snow - it was impossible for the bear to move fast. The bear looked like good meat to the Indian who, unfortunately, didn't have a gun with him. He took a ten foot stick and attached a butcher knife to it thinking he would stab the bear to death. All he could do was tickle the bear. Seeing his method didn't work he cut a piece from a birch sapling with his tomahawk and tried to kill the bear by clubbing him to death. After the first blow he fell back while drawing away and got tangled in the limbs of the fallen tree. Mok-qua attacked the Indian, clawing his shoulder and arms. He did not bite him. The bear left the Indian who was unconscious. The Indian regained consciousness at night and when he did he was very sick and almost frozen. He somehow dragged himself to the farm of Jacob Hangarner who, after warming and feeding him, brough him to Beaver Bay. The Indian suffered more from exposure than from the attack."

Jacob Hangirner was Mrs. Stein's father.

Beargrease was the only lifeline to the outside world.

A sled dog marathon was started as a tribute to John Beargrease for his vital role in the early history of the North Shore of Lake Superior. The race covers nearly four hundred miles on the route between Duluth and Grand Portage. The race is traditionally held in the last week of January.

Other

The city also hosts the Lake County Fair, The Two Harbors Folk Festival, Heritage Days, and the Two Harbors Kayak Festival. Two Harbors is one of the checkpoints for the Beargrease Sled Dog Marathon, as well as the start line for the Grandma's Marathon and the NorthShore Inline Marathon. Author, Dean L. Hovey, wrote a mystery set in a fictional Two Harbors senior living center entitled, "Whistling Pines" (published in 2012), followed by a sequel entitled "Whistling Sousa" (published in 2013).

Parks and recreation

Two Harbors provides five community parks within the city limits. These parks provide picnic tables, baseball, soccer, and football fields, and playground equipment. The Thomas Owens Park houses the city's band shell, home of the Two Harbors City Band, the oldest city band existing in Minnesota.

Two Harbors is the gateway city to the Northern Shore of Minnesota. Highway 61 is the only major highway heading north/north-east along the shore of Lake Superior and is the fastest way to travel to the eight state parks of the North Shore, as well as Wayside rests and Lake-shore access. These include Gooseberry Falls, Split Rock Lighthouse, Tettegouche, George H. Crosby Manitou State Park, Temperance River State Park, Cascade River State Park, Judge C.R. Magney State Park, and Grand Portage State Park.

Gooseberry Falls State Park

Located 13 miles up Highway 61 Gooseberry Falls State Park included the Upper, Middle, and Lower Falls of the Gooseberry River, and miles of trails, lake-shore picnic area and campground. Year round recreation includes hiking, kayaking, and biking in the warm months, with skiing and snowshoeing in the winter. A 15-mile stretch of the Gitchi-Gami State Trail connects Gooseberry Falls State Park and Split Rock Lighthouse State Park.

Split Rock Lighthouse State Park

5 miles further up Hw61 Split Rock Lighthouse State Park is home to the Split Rock Lighthouse. Located within but separate from the State Park, and run by the Minnesota Historical Society, the 1910 lighthouse grounds are open year-round for tours, and the lighthouse and restored buildings are open from May to October for historic tours. The State Park offers miles of hiking trails, picnicking along the shore of Lake Superior, as well as access to the Gitchi-Gami bike trail and Lake Superior Hiking Trail. The secluded cart-in and backpack campsites are consistently voted among the best in the State for their privacy and views of Lake Superior.

Tettegouche State Park

35 miles past Two Harbors, on the Baptism River, Tettegouche State Park is the largest park located on the North Shore covering over 9,300 acres (38 km2). Campers can stay in either the two campgrounds, remote hike-in or modern drive-in rental cabins. Features include six inland lakes, two and a half miles of Lake Superior Shoreline, and four beautiful waterfalls. Visitors can take advantage of the hiking, rock climbing, kayaking, skiing and snowmobile trails available.

Trails

Two Harbors offers access to Minnesota trails. The Sonju hiking trail can be used to view the Two Harbors shoreline, and the Gitchi-Gami State Trail is available for use by pedestrians, bicyclists, and skaters. North Shore State Snowmobile Trail includes scenic views for snowmobilers, as do the Yukon Snowmobile Trail and Brimson Snowmobile Trail. There is also the Erkki Harju Ski Trail.

Images for kids


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