Washington County, Nebraska facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Washington County, Nebraska
Map
Map of Nebraska highlighting Washington County
Location in the state of Nebraska
Map of the USA highlighting Nebraska
Nebraska's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1855
Seat Blair
Largest City Blair
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

393 sq mi (1,018 km²)
390 sq mi (1,010 km²)
3.2 sq mi (8 km²), 0.8%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

20,234
52/sq mi (20/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.co.washington.ne.us
Named for: George Washington

Washington County is a county in the U.S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,234. Its county seat is Blair.

Washington County is part of the Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

In the Nebraska license plate system, Washington County is represented by the prefix 29 (it had the 29th-largest number of vehicles registered in the county when the license plate system was established in 1922).

History

Washington County is in eastern Nebraska on the Missouri River. It was explored as early as 1739 by Pierre Antoine and Paul Mallet, who were on a trapping expedition to Canada. In 1804, Lewis and Clark reported the establishment of the new United States government to a council of Indian chiefs near the present site of Fort Calhoun. As a result of this Council, Fort Atkinson was established in 1819 and served as a key midwestern outpost until its abandonment in 1827.

The first permanent settlement in Washington County was made in 1854. In that same year, the county was organized as one of the eight original counties proclaimed by acting Governor Thomas B. Cuming; it was later reorganized in 1855. The county seat has been in three different towns: Fort Calhoun, DeSoto, and finally at Blair, its present site since 1869.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 393 square miles (1,020 km2), of which 390 square miles (1,000 km2) is land and 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2) (0.8%) is water. It is Nebraska's fifth-smallest county by area.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

  • Boyer Chute National Wildlife Refuge
  • DeSoto National Wildlife Refuge (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,249
1870 4,452 256.4%
1880 8,631 93.9%
1890 11,869 37.5%
1900 13,086 10.3%
1910 12,738 −2.7%
1920 12,180 −4.4%
1930 12,095 −0.7%
1940 11,578 −4.3%
1950 11,511 −0.6%
1960 12,103 5.1%
1970 13,310 10.0%
1980 15,508 16.5%
1990 16,607 7.1%
2000 18,780 13.1%
2010 20,234 7.7%
Est. 2015 20,248 0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the census of 2000, there were 18,780 people, 6,940 households, and 5,149 families residing in the county. The population density was 48 people per square mile (19/km²). There were 7,408 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.12% White, 0.34% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. 1.08% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 37.1% were of German, 11.9% Danish, 9.0% Irish, 7.8% American and 7.0% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 6,940 households out of which 36.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.00% were married couples living together, 7.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.80% were non-families. 21.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.10% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 12.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $48,500, and the median income for a family was $56,429. Males had a median income of $36,901 versus $25,893 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,055. About 4.10% of families and 6.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.00% of those under age 18 and 7.50% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Major highways

  • US 30.svg U.S. Highway 30
  • US 75.svg U.S. Highway 75
  • N-31.svg Nebraska Highway 31
  • N-91.svg Nebraska Highway 91
  • N-133.svg Nebraska Highway 133

Airport

Washington County is home to the Blair Municipal Airport and several small privately owned grass airstrips, such as the Orum Aerodrome. The Fort Calhoun Nuclear Generating Station, North America's smallest commercial nuclear reactor by rated capacity, is located south of Blair. An associated system of warning sirens are located in the southeastern part of the county for emergency notification in the event of a problem at the station. An Atlas missile launch site (Site B), formerly associated with Offutt Air Force Base and deactivated in the 1960s, is situated to the east of Arlington.

Communities

WashingtonCoNEMap
Washington County

Cities

Villages

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

Townships

  • Township 1
  • Township 2
  • Township 5
  • Township 6
  • Township 7

Washington County, Nebraska Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.