Washington Parish, Louisiana facts for kids

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Washington Parish, Louisiana
Map
Map of Louisiana highlighting Washington Parish
Location in the state of Louisiana
Map of the USA highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1819
Seat Franklinton
Largest City Bogalusa
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

676 sq mi (1,751 km²)
670 sq mi (1,735 km²)
6.4 sq mi (17 km²), 0.9%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

46,371
70/sq mi (27/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: George Washington

Washington Parish (French: Paroisse de Washington) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 47,168. Its parish seat is Franklinton. The parish was founded in 1819.

Washington Parish comprises the Bogalusa, LA Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the New Orleans-Metairie-Hammond, LA-MS Combined Statistical Area.

History

Washington Parish was formed in 1819 by splitting off from St. Tammany Parish. Franklinton became the parish seat on February 10, 1821.

Washington Parish is the most northeasterly of what are called the Florida Parishes, for it was a legal part of Spanish West Florida prior to 1810.

There are at least two articles about the history of Washington Parish:

There is also a book which is online: Bogalusa Story, by C. W. Goodyear

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 676 square miles (1,750 km2), of which 670 square miles (1,700 km2) is land and 6.4 square miles (17 km2) (0.9%) is water.

Adjacent counties and parishes

Major highways

  • Louisiana 10.svg Louisiana Highway 10
  • Louisiana 16.svg Louisiana Highway 16
  • Louisiana 21.svg Louisiana Highway 21
  • Louisiana 25.svg Louisiana Highway 25

National protected area

  • Bogue Chitto National Wildlife Refuge (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 2,517
1830 2,286 −9.2%
1840 2,649 15.9%
1850 3,408 28.7%
1860 4,708 38.1%
1870 3,330 −29.3%
1880 5,190 55.9%
1890 6,700 29.1%
1900 9,628 43.7%
1910 18,886 96.2%
1920 24,164 27.9%
1930 29,904 23.8%
1940 34,443 15.2%
1950 38,371 11.4%
1960 44,015 14.7%
1970 41,987 −4.6%
1980 44,207 5.3%
1990 43,185 −2.3%
2000 43,926 1.7%
2010 47,168 7.4%
Est. 2015 46,371 −1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the census of 2000, there were 43,926 people, 16,467 households, and 11,642 families residing in the parish. The population density was 66 people per square mile (25/km²). There were 19,106 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the parish was 67.42% White, 31.53% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.11% from other races, and 0.54% from two or more races. 0.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 16,467 households out of which 32.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.30% were married couples living together, 17.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.30% were non-families. 26.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the parish the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 14.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $24,264, and the median income for a family was $29,480. Males had a median income of $27,964 versus $17,709 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $12,915. About 19.40% of families and 24.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.20% of those under age 18 and 20.40% of those age 65 or over. Washington Parish has the second highest level of poverty in the state after Orleans Parish.

National Guard

Bogalusa is home to the headquarters of the 205th Engineer Battalion of the 225th Engineer Brigade. Franklinton is the home of the 843rd Engineer Company.

Communities

Map of Washington Parish Louisiana With Municipal Labels
Map of Washington Parish, Louisiana With Municipal Labels

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