kids encyclopedia robot

Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana
Map of Louisiana highlighting Tangipahoa Parish
Location in the state of Louisiana
Map of the USA highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 6 March, 1869
Seat Amite City
Largest City Hammond
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

823 sq mi (2,132 km²)
791 sq mi (2,049 km²)
32 sq mi (83 km²), 3.9%
 - (2015)
 - Density

153/sq mi (59/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: Acolapissa word meaning ear of corn or those who gather corn
Ponchatoula Creek Southeastern footbridge
Footbridge across a tributary of Ponchatoula Creek leading to North Oak Street Park on the campus of Southeastern Louisiana University in Hammond, Tangipahoa Parish.

Tangipahoa Parish (pronunciation: /ˌtænpəˈhə/; French: Paroisse de Tangipahoa) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 121,097. The parish seat is Amite City, but the largest city is Hammond. Tangipahoa comes from an Acolapissa word meaning "ear of corn" or "those who gather corn." The parish was founded in 1869.

Tangipahoa Parish comprises the Hammond, LA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the New Orleans-Metairie-Hammond, LA-MS Combined Statistical Area. It is one of the Florida Parishes.


Tangipahoa Parish began in 1869, when it was carved from Livingston Parish, St. Helena Parish, St. Tammany Parish, and Washington Parish. It was flooded in 1932.

The name comes from the Tangipahoa River and the historic Tangipahoa Native American people.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 823 square miles (2,130 km2), of which 791 square miles (2,050 km2) is land and 32 square miles (83 km2) (3.9%) is water. Lake Pontchartrain lies on the southeast side of the parish.

Most of the parish south of Ponchatoula consists of Holocene coastal swamp and marsh—gray-to-black clays of high organic content and thick peat beds underlying freshwater marsh and swamp.

Adjacent counties and parishes



Amtrak's daily City of New Orleans long distance train stops in Hammond, both northbound (to Chicago) and southbound. It serves about 15,000 riders a year, and Hammond-Chicago is the ninth busiest city pair on the route.

The historic main line of the Illinois Central that carries freight through the parish is now part of CN, and it is as busy as ever.


  • I-12.svg Interstate 12
  • I-55.svg Interstate 55
  • US 51.svg U.S. Route 51
  • US 190.svg U.S. Route 190
  • Louisiana 10.svg Louisiana Highway 10
  • Louisiana 16.svg Louisiana Highway 16
  • Louisiana 22.svg Louisiana Highway 22
  • Louisiana 38.svg Louisiana Highway 38
  • Louisiana 40.svg Louisiana Highway 40
  • Louisiana 440.svg Louisiana Highway 440
  • Louisiana 442.svg Louisiana Highway 442
  • Louisiana 443.svg Louisiana Highway 443
  • Louisiana 445.svg Louisiana Highway 445
  • Louisiana 1040.svg Louisiana Highway 1040
  • Louisiana 1045.svg Louisiana Highway 1045
  • Louisiana 1046.svg Louisiana Highway 1046
  • Louisiana 1048.svg Louisiana Highway 1048
  • Louisiana 1049.svg Louisiana Highway 1049
  • Louisiana 1050.svg Louisiana Highway 1050
  • Louisiana 1051.svg Louisiana Highway 1051
  • Louisiana 1053.svg Louisiana Highway 1053
  • Louisiana 1054.svg Louisiana Highway 1054
  • Louisiana 1055.svg Louisiana Highway 1055
  • Louisiana 1056.svg Louisiana Highway 1056
  • Louisiana 1057.svg Louisiana Highway 1057
  • Louisiana 1061.svg Louisiana Highway 1061
  • Louisiana 1062.svg Louisiana Highway 1062
  • Louisiana 1063.svg Louisiana Highway 1063
  • Louisiana 1064.svg Louisiana Highway 1064
  • Louisiana 1065.svg Louisiana Highway 1065
  • Louisiana 1067.svg Louisiana Highway 1067
  • Louisiana 1249.svg Louisiana Highway 1249
  • Louisiana 3158.svg Louisiana Highway 3158
  • Louisiana 3234.svg Louisiana Highway 3234
  • Louisiana 3260.svg Louisiana Highway 3260


Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 7,928
1880 9,638 21.6%
1890 12,655 31.3%
1900 17,625 39.3%
1910 29,160 65.4%
1920 31,440 7.8%
1930 46,227 47.0%
1940 45,519 −1.5%
1950 53,218 16.9%
1960 59,434 11.7%
1970 65,875 10.8%
1980 80,698 22.5%
1990 85,709 6.2%
2000 100,588 17.4%
2010 121,097 20.4%
Est. 2015 128,755 6.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the census of 2000, there were 100,588 people, 36,558 households, and 25,773 families residing in the parish. The population density was 127 people per square mile (49/km²). There were 40,794 housing units at an average density of 52 per square mile (20/km²). The racial makeup of the parish was 69.76% White, 28.35% Black or African American, 0.39% Asian, 0.24% Native American, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. 1.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 36,558 households out of which 35.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.90% were married couples living together, 16.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.50% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the parish the population was spread out with 27.70% under the age of 18, 12.70% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 21.20% from 45 to 64, and 10.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 93.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.60 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $29,412, and the median income for a family was $36,731. Males had a median income of $31,576 versus $20,066 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $14,461. About 18.00% of families and 22.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.60% of those under age 18 and 20.10% of those age 65 or over.

National Guard

The parish is home to the 204th Theater Airfield Operations Group and the Forward Support Company of the 205th Engineer Battalion. This 205th Engineer Battalion is a component of the 225th Engineer Brigade of the Louisiana National Guard. These units reside within the city of Hammond. A detachment of the 1021st Engineer Company (Vertical) resides in Independence, Louisiana. The 236th Combat Communications Squadron of the Louisiana Air National Guard also resides at the Hammond Airport.


Map of Tangipahoa Parish Louisiana With Municipal Labels
Map of Tangipahoa Parish, depicting municipal boundaries




Census-designated place

Other unincorporated places

Images for kids

kids search engine
Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.