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West Boylston, Massachusetts
Bigelow Tavern (Historical Society)
Bigelow Tavern (Historical Society)
Official seal of West Boylston, Massachusetts
"Small Town, Big Heart" The town motto was penned by Lionel Bella in 2010.
Location in Worcester County and the state of Massachusetts.
Location in Worcester County and the state of Massachusetts.
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Worcester
Settled 1642
Incorporated 1808
 • Type Open town meeting
 • Total 13.8 sq mi (35.8 km2)
 • Land 12.9 sq mi (33.4 km2)
 • Water 1.0 sq mi (2.5 km2)
481 ft (147 m)
 • Total 7,877
 • Density 570.8/sq mi (220.0/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP Code
Area code(s) 508/774
FIPS code 25-75155
GNIS feature ID 0618391

West Boylston is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States and a northern suburb of Worcester. The population was 7,877 at the 2020 census. West Boylston includes the village of Oakdale, located on the opposite side of the Wachusett Reservoir from West Boylston center along Route 140. Although the town was split off from Boylston, it has a larger population than its eastern namesake.


West Boylston was originally part of several neighboring towns – Lancaster, Shrewsbury, Boylston, Holden and Sterling. The town was created as part of a dispute between Boylston and West Boylston over the location of a new town meeting house. It was incorporated in 1808.

During the 1800s the town grew with textile and other industries and became a prosperous community. This prosperity was interrupted as the town was selected as the site of the Wachusett Reservoir to provide water for Boston. It was selected due to its location at the junction of three rivers: the Quinapoxet River, the Stillwater River and the Nashua River. In 1897, the Nashua River in the town of Clinton was impounded by the Wachusett Dam. 6.5 square miles (17 km2) were flooded in the towns of Boylston, West Boylston, Clinton and Sterling. Over 2,200 acres (8.9 km2) of West Boylston's land was used for the reservoir, the most of any town. This disrupted the center of town and most of the industrial base. Many buildings were moved to the unaffected parts of the town but the majority were demolished and filled by the reservoir. Over 1700 residents, 300 homes, eight schools, six mills, four churches and one hotel were moved to dry land. The state paid approximately 60 cents on the dollar for use of the land with the promise to pay $12,000 a year to the town for lost tax revenue forever. The reservoir was completed in 1905 and first filled in May 1908. West Boylston's prominent landmark, the Old Stone Church, was left remaining was a reminder of those that lost their homes and jobs to the building of the reservoir. It is one of the most photographed sites in the area.

Today, West Boylston has transformed itself into a bedroom community for Worcester and the surrounding region. Due to the reservoir, the town has been able to preserve much of its rural character, making it an attractive place for recreation and living.

West Boylston's most famous historical resident is Robert Bailey Thomas, the founder of the Old Farmer's Almanac.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 13.8 square miles (36 km2), of which 12.9 square miles (33 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2), or 6.86%, is water.

Adjacent cities and towns


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,749
1860 2,509 43.5%
1870 2,862 14.1%
1880 2,994 4.6%
1890 3,019 0.8%
1900 2,314 −23.4%
1910 1,270 −45.1%
1920 1,624 27.9%
1930 2,114 30.2%
1940 1,822 −13.8%
1950 2,570 41.1%
1960 5,526 115.0%
1970 6,369 15.3%
1980 6,204 −2.6%
1990 6,611 6.6%
2000 7,481 13.2%
2010 7,669 2.5%
2020 7,877 2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the 2010 Census, there were 7,669 people, 2,616 households, and 1,817 families residing in the town. The population density was 594.5 inhabitants per square mile (229.5/km2). There were 2,746 housing units at an average density of 212.9 per square mile (82.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 93.34% White, 4.21% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.86% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.27% of the population.

There were 2,616 households, out of which 27.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.7% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families. Of all households 25.9% were made up of individuals, and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 17.5% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 33.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 124.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 130.2 males. [The population of West Boylston (7,669 in 2010) includes the 1,137 male residents of the Worcester County House of Correction; 14.8% of the town's recorded population. So it would seem that West Boylston has about 25% more males than females (124 males for every 100 females) but that statistic is misleading.]

According the 2015–2019 American Community Survey, the median household income in the town was $88,906, and the median income for a family was $122,500. The per capita income for the town was $34,741. About 5.3% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.0% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture

Museums and other points of interest

West Boylston includes four entries on the National Register of Historic Places:

  • Bigelow Tavern Historic District – 60, 64 and 65 Worcester St. (added October 24, 1992)
  • Oakdale Village Historic District – 11–68 N. Main, May 8–24, 6–10 Green, 12–23 High, 4–68 Laurel, 14–34 Waushacum, and park at Thomas and N. Main (added August 5, 1996)
  • Old Stone Church – Off MA 140 (added May 13, 1973)
  • Quinapoxet River Bridge – Thomas St. over the Quinapoxet River at the Wachusett Reservoir (added May 8, 1990)


West Boylston's public library, the Beaman Memorial Public Library, was established in 1878. In fiscal year 2008, the town of West Boylston spent 1.6% ($308,576) of its budget on its public library—some $37 per person. The library building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2016.



West Boylston Middle/High School and Major Edwards Elementary School are located in the town.

Notable people

  • Charlie Baker, professional baseball player
  • Dyer Ball, missionary
  • Erastus Brigham Bigelow, inventor and businessman, born in West Boylston
  • Duke Farrell, MLB catcher
  • Jim Ford, film and television actor / stuntman
  • Jill Lepore, historian
  • Bruce Marshall, professional hockey coach
  • J. P. Ricciardi, former general manager of the Major League Baseball Toronto Blue Jays
Black History Month on Kiddle
Famous African-American Scientists:
William M. Jackson
Juan E. Gilbert
Neil deGrasse Tyson
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