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West Roxbury
Neighborhood of Boston
View of Centre Street in West Roxbury
View of Centre Street in West Roxbury
Nickname(s): Westie, God's Country
West Roxbury is a neighborhood located in the southwest corner of the city of Boston.
West Roxbury is a neighborhood located in the southwest corner of the city of Boston.
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Suffolk
City Boston
Settled 1630
Founded 1851
Area
 • Total 4.61 sq mi (11.9 km2)
 • Land 4.56 sq mi (11.8 km2)
 • Water 0.05 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 30,446
 • Density 6,676.8/sq mi (2,577.9/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
Zip Code 02132
Area code(s) 617 / 857

West Roxbury is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts bordered by Roslindale to the northeast and Hyde Park to the southeast.West Roxbury is often mistakenly confused with Roxbury, but the two are not connected. West Roxbury is separated from Roxbury by Jamaica Plain and Roslindale.

Founded in 1630 (contemporaneously with Boston), West Roxbury was originally part of the town of Roxbury and was mainly used as farmland. West Roxbury seceded from Roxbury in 1851, and was annexed by Boston in 1874. The town included the neighborhoods of Jamaica Plain and Roslindale.

West Roxbury's main commercial thoroughfare is Centre Street. The neighborhood has some two-family houses but mostly single family homes; many of Boston's civil servants live there.

West Roxbury is home to District E-5 of the Boston Police Department, Boston Emergency Medical Services Ambulance 5 that posts at the intersection of West Roxbury Parkway at Centre St and Paramedic 5 stationed at the Faulkner Hospital provide EMS service, and there are two Boston fire stations, Ladder 25 & Engine 30 on Centre Street and Engine 55 on Washington Street. The Needham Branch of the MBTA Commuter Rail network has three stations in West Roxbury (Bellevue, Highland and West Roxbury). Several MBTA bus lines run through and/or terminate in West Roxbury. A large Veterans Affairs hospital is located opposite the Charles River on the VFW Parkway near the Dedham line. West Roxbury is home to several places of worship, including three Catholic parishes, churches of various Protestant denominations, and a Jewish synagogue.

The neighborhood was home to an experimental transcendentalist Utopian community called Brook Farm, which attracted notable figures including Margaret Fuller and Nathaniel Hawthorne, whose 1852 novel The Blithedale Romance, is based on his stay there.

Like its neighboring communities, West Roxbury's residential development grew with the construction of the West Roxbury branch of the Boston and Providence Rail Road; the area grew further with the development of electric streetcars.

Demographics

Until the 2000 census West Roxbury's population had been recorded as declining slightly, but it increased at the 2010 census. This could be due to more rigorous counting procedures instituted by the City of Boston and Massachusetts in an unsuccessful attempt to avoid losing the state's tenth congressional seat.

2010 Census 30,446 (4.9% of 617,594 citywide)
2000 Census 28,663 (4.9% of 589,141 citywide)
1990 Census 29,706 (5.2% of 574,383 citywide)
1980 Census 31,333
Population growth/decline, 2000–2010: +6.2%
Population growth/decline, 1990–2000: -3.51%
Population growth/decline, 1980–1990: -5.19%

West Roxbury has historically been a heavily Irish Catholic neighborhood. In the twentieth century, upwardly mobile Irish Americans moved to the neighborhood from elsewhere in Boston. By the first decade of the 21st century, an influx of new residents contributed to increased ethnic diversity in the neighborhood.

The Irish Social Club of Boston, founded in Dorchester in 1945, moved its headquarters to West Roxbury in 1978, and had a membership of 15,000 in the mid-1970s. The club closed in 2011 due to financial troubles and declining membership (the club at around 300 members at the time, mostly seniors). Support from the city council and state lawmakers allowed the club to obtain a liquor license and reopen, and by 2013 the group had about 800 members.

Theodore Parker Church

At Centre and Corey Streets, the Theodore Parker Church features seven stained glass windows made by the Tiffany Studios between 1894 and 1927. The original church, designed in 1890 by Alexander Wadsworth Longfellow, Jr., is now a parish hall. Henry Seaver designed the current church in 1900. Theodore Parker (1810–1860), an advocate of progressive religious ideas, abolitionism and women's suffrage, was minister of this Unitarian congregation from 1837 to 1846.

Westerly Burying Ground conflict and secession

Westerly Burying Ground, also known as Westerly Burial Ground, (currently at Centre and LaGrange Streets) was established in 1683 to permit local burial of residents of Jamaica Plain and the western end of Roxbury. When West Roxbury was still part of Roxbury, the town's first burial place was what is today Eliot Burying Ground, near Dudley Square. This was a long distance to travel for the inhabitants of West Roxbury, and in 1683 the town selectmen voted to establish a local burying place, now known as Westerly Burying Ground. A conflict between the rural and more urbanised parts of the town led to the split of West Roxbury from Roxbury proper in 1851. West Roxbury became part of the City of Boston on 5 January 1874. Westerly Burying Ground served as this community's burial place well into the 19th century. The oldest graves contain many of the town's earliest and most prominent families. Eight veterans of the American Revolution and fifteen veterans of the American Civil War are also buried here. War veterans interred are detailed in the article “Westerly" and the Civil War. The site has a large collection of three centuries of funerary art. One-third of its extant gravestones date from the 18th century; almost half date from the 19th century, and about twenty from the 20th-century. Westerly Burying Ground has many individual mound tombs; mound tombs at other burying grounds are typically larger, built to contain a number of bodies. The oldest gravestone, from 1691, commemorates James and Merriam Draper, members of a prominent West Roxbury family. Headstones, skilfully carved locally, provide an historic record of three centuries of West Roxbury residents.

Boston United Hand in Hand Cemetery

Boston United Hand in Hand Cemetery is located on Centre Street straddling the Dedham line. Dating back to 1875, the original plot was full by 1896 but subsequently expanded multiple times. There are graves as recent as 1980 in the West Roxbury portion; the Dedham portion is still active. Chestnut Hill's Congregation Mishka Tefila currently owns the cemetery.

Events

The Corrib Classic 5K Road Race is held annually at Billings Field, LaGrange Street, the first Sunday in June. Since starting in 1994 with 250 runners the event has grown into the largest community event, attracting about 2000 runners, plus event volunteers, families and friends. Centre and Lagrange Streets are briefly closed during the race. It is a benefit event hosted by the Bligh family of the adjacent Corrib Pub and Restaurant that has raised over half a million dollars over the years for a variety of local causes. The Parkway Little League Parade, is a small event to start little league baseball and softball for the areas of West Roxbury and Roslindale. Young baseball and softball players dress up in their team uniforms and march from Fallon field in Roslindale to the Guy Cammarata Complex in West Roxbury.

Notable natives

  • Edward Downes
  • Anthony Michael Hall
  • Patrick DeCoste
  • Robert Gould Shaw
  • Francis A. Sullivan
  • Willis Lent
  • Chris Nilan, former NHL player and coach.
  • Richard Olney, former United States Attorney General and Secretary of State.
  • Dan Kiley, modernist landscape architect
  • Ellery Clark, US olympic champion, Athens 1896.
  • Taylor Schilling, Actress
  • Thomas G. Kelley, Medal of Honor Recipient (Vietnam War)
  • William Martin (novelist)
  • Rich Cronin, singer, songwriter, lead singer for LFO
  • Sears Gallagher, noted American artist
  • Joe Nash, former NFL player.
  • Kevin Hagan White, 20 year Mayor of the City of Boston
  • Ron Perry, Holy Cross Basketball
  • Kevin Cosby, legendary street ball player, moved to Dedham

Sites of interest

  • The Roxbury Latin School
  • Bellevue Standpipe, Bellevue Hill, Stony Brook Reservation
  • Holy Name Parish School
  • Saint Teresa of Ávila Church (Roman Catholic)
  • Westerly Burial Ground
  • Catholic Memorial School
  • Theodore Parker Church
  • Holy Name Church (Roman Catholic)
  • Boston Public Library West Roxbury Branch
  • Millennium Park
  • Brook Farm—1840s utopian experiment in communal living
  • City of Boston Archives
  • Billings Field
  • Veterans Administration Hospital
  • Annunciation Melkite Catholic Cathedral Located on the VFW Parkway
  • Guy Cammarata Little League Complex

Images for kids


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