Robert Gould Shaw facts for kids
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Robert Gould Shaw
October 10, 1837|
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
|Died||July 18, 1863
Fort Wagner, Morris Island, South Carolina
|Allegiance||United States of America|
||U.S. Army (Union Army)|
|Years of service||1861–1863|
|Unit||7th New York Militia
2nd Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry
|Commands held||54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War:|
Robert Gould Shaw (October 10, 1837 – July 18, 1863) was an American officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Born into a prominent Boston abolitionist family, he accepted command of the first all-black regiment (54th Massachusetts) in the Northeast. Supporting the promised equal treatment for his troops, he encouraged the men to refuse their pay until it was equal to that of white troops' wage.
He led his regiment at the Second Battle of Fort Wagner in July 1863. They attacked a beachhead near Charleston, South Carolina, and Shaw was killed while leading his men to the parapet of the Confederate-held fort. Although the regiment was overwhelmed by firing from the defenses and driven back, suffering many casualties, Shaw's leadership and the regiment became legendary. They inspired tens of thousands more African Americans to enlist for the Union and contribute to its ultimate victory.
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