Charleston County, South Carolina facts for kids

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Charleston County, South Carolina
Map
Map of South Carolina highlighting Charleston County
Location in the state of South Carolina
Map of the USA highlighting South Carolina
South Carolina's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1769
Seat Charleston
Largest City Charleston
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,358 sq mi (3,517 km²)
916 sq mi (2,372 km²)
442 sq mi (1,145 km²), 33%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

389,262
382/sq mi (147/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.charlestoncounty.org

Charleston County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Carolina along the Atlantic coast. As of the 2010 census, its population was 350,209, making it the third most populous county in South Carolina (behind Greenville and Richland Counties). Its county seat is Charleston. The county was created in 1901 by an act of the South Carolina State Legislature.

Charleston County is included in the Charleston-North Charleston, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,358 square miles (3,520 km2), of which 916 square miles (2,370 km2) is land and 442 square miles (1,140 km2) (33%) is water. It is the largest county in South Carolina by total land and water area.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

  • Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge
  • Charles Pinckney National Historic Site
  • Ernest F. Hollings ACE Basin National Wildlife Refuge (part)
  • Fort Moultrie National Monument
  • Fort Sumter National Monument
  • Francis Marion National Forest (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 66,985
1800 57,480 −14.2%
1810 63,179 9.9%
1820 80,212 27.0%
1830 86,338 7.6%
1840 82,661 −4.3%
1850 72,805 −11.9%
1860 70,100 −3.7%
1870 88,863 26.8%
1880 102,800 15.7%
1890 59,903 −41.7%
1900 88,006 46.9%
1910 88,594 0.7%
1920 108,450 22.4%
1930 101,050 −6.8%
1940 121,105 19.8%
1950 164,856 36.1%
1960 216,382 31.3%
1970 247,650 14.5%
1980 276,974 11.8%
1990 295,039 6.5%
2000 309,969 5.1%
2010 350,209 13.0%
Est. 2015 389,262 11.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2015

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 309,969 people, 143,326 households, and 97,448 families residing in the county. The population density was 338 people per square mile (130/km²). There were 141,031 housing units at an average density of 154 per square mile (59/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 61.9% White, 34.5% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 1.12% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.99% from other races, and 1.16% from two or more races. 2.40% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 9.6% were of American, 9.5% English, 9.1% German and 7.6% Irish ancestry.

There were 123,326 households out of which 28.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.20% were married couples living together, 15.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.20% were non-families. 28.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county, the age distribution of the population shows 23.70% under the age of 18, 12.00% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 22.00% from 45 to 64, and 11.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 93.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county is $37,810, and the median income for a family was $47,139. Males had a median income of $32,681 versus $25,530 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,393. About 12.40% of families and 16.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.90% of those under age 18 and 12.70% of those age 65 or over.

In the 2000 census, the county population was classified as about 86% urban. The Charleston-North Charleston Metropolitan Statistical Area includes the populations of Charleston, Berkeley, and Dorchester counties.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 350,209 people, 144,309 households, and 85,692 families residing in the county. The population density was 382.3 inhabitants per square mile (147.6/km2). There were 169,984 housing units at an average density of 185.6 per square mile (71.7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 64.2% white, 29.8% black or African American, 1.3% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 2.7% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 11.3% were German, 11.0% were English, 10.2% were Irish, and 9.8% were American.

Of the 144,309 households, 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.5% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.6% were non-families, and 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.96. The median age was 35.9 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $48,433 and the median income for a family was $61,525. Males had a median income of $42,569 versus $34,195 for females. The per capita income for the county was $29,401. About 11.5% of families and 16.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.5% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.

Recreation

The Charleston County Park and Recreation Commission (CCPRC) operates numerous facilities within Charleston County.

Beach parks:

Fishing piers:

Marinas and boat landings:

  • Cooper River Marina
  • Multiple county-wide boat landings

Day parks:

Water parks:

  • Splash Island at Palmetto Islands County Park
  • Splash Zone at James Island County Park
  • Whirlin' Waters at North Charleston Wannamaker County Park

Off-leash dog parks are offered at James Island, Palmetto Islands, and North Charleston Wannamaker County Park.

James Island County Park, approximately 11 minutes by car from downtown Charleston, features a 50-foot climbing wall and bouldering cave; cabin, RV, and tent camping facilities; rental facilities, fishing dock, challenge course, kayaking programs, summer camps, paved trails, and many special events such as the Lowcountry Cajun Festival (usually the first weekend in April), East Coast Canoe and Kayak Festival (3rd weekend in April), Holiday Festival of Lights (mid-November through the first of the year), and the summer outdoor reggae concerts.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Census-designated place

Districts

  • Awendaw-McClellanville Consolidated Fire District - Made up of unincorporated parts of Northern Charleston County, the Town of Awendaw, and the Town of McClellanville.
  • James Island Public Service District - Made up of unincorporated parts of the island.
  • North Charleston Public Service District - Responsible for sewer lines and treatment in the City of North Charleston.
  • St. John's Fire District - Serving Kiawah Island, Seabrook Island, unincorporated John's Island, and Wadmalaw Island
  • Saint Andrews Public Service District - Made up of unincorporated parts of West Ashley.
  • St. Pauls Fire District - Made up of all of the Towns of Hollywood, Ravenel, Meggett and unincorporated parts of the southern end of Charleston County.

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