Willamina, Oregon facts for kids
Main Street in downtown
Location in Oregon
|• Total||0.96 sq mi (2.49 km2)|
|• Land||0.92 sq mi (2.38 km2)|
|• Water||0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)|
|Elevation||225 ft (68.6 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||2,054|
|• Density||2,201.1/sq mi (849.8/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||Pacific (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||1163355|
Willamina was named after Willamina Creek, which in turn was named for early settler Willamina Williams shortly after she fell off of her horse and into a creek, which was subsequently named after her. Williams was born Willamina Craig in 1817 in Ohio. She married James Maley in 1837 and the couple came to Oregon in 1845 with James' daughter. While looking for land to settle, the family came across a tributary of the South Yamhill River and named it for Mrs. Maley. James Maley died in 1847, and Willamina married Enos Williams in 1848. They settled in what is now Amity.
Willamina post office was established in 1855 on the James Brown land claim, about a mile east of present-day Willamina. The office moved in 1863 about two miles west to the Jeremiah Lamson land claim. In 1866, the office was moved and renamed to present-day Sheridan. In 1878, a new Willamina post office was established; it operated from December 1880 to March 1891 just over the county line in Polk County. A gristmill and sawmill were established in 1878. The townsite was platted in 1879 and Willamina incorporated in 1903. At that time the city had 200 residents.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.96 square miles (2.49 km2), of which, 0.92 square miles (2.38 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.
The city lies near the intersection of Oregon Route 18, Oregon Route 18 Business, and Oregon Route 22 next to the South Yamhill River. The communities of Shipley and Sheridan are to the east, and Valley Junction is to the west.
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,025 people, 698 households, and 501 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,201.1 inhabitants per square mile (849.8/km2). There were 777 housing units at an average density of 844.6 per square mile (326.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 82.1% White, 0.3% African American, 8.8% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 2.3% from other races, and 5.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.0% of the population.
There were 698 households of which 40.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% were married couples living together, 16.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 10.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.2% were non-families. 20.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.26.
The median age in the city was 33.2 years. 28.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.4% were from 25 to 44; 26.6% were from 45 to 64; and 9.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.1% male and 49.9% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,844 people, 666 households, and 480 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,138.0 people per square mile (827.9/km²). There were 715 housing units at an average density of 829.0 per square mile (321.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.22% White, 0.16% African American, 9.82% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.84% from other races, and 3.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.42% of the population.
There were 666 households out of which 39.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.1% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.9% were non-families. 22.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.19.
In the city, the population was spread out with 32.4% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $32,326, and the median income for a family was $37,250. Males had a median income of $30,082 versus $22,432 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,349. About 10.9% of families and 14.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.2% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.
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