kids encyclopedia robot

Williamsbridge, Bronx facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Williamsbridge
Neighborhood of the Bronx
Williambridge Square, 1984
Williambridge Square, 1984
Country  United States
State  New York
City Flag of New York City.svg New York City
Borough Flag of Bronx County, New York.svg The Bronx
Community District Bronx 12
Area
 • Total 3.11 km2 (1.202 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 61,321
 • Density 19,697/km2 (51,016/sq mi)
Economics
Ethnicity
 • African-American 67.5%
 • Hispanic and Latino American 25.6%
 • White 2.8%
 • Asian 1.6%
 • Others 2.5%
ZIP Codes
10466, 10467, 10469
Area code 718, 347, 929, and 917

Williamsbridge is a neighborhood geographically located in the north-central portion of the Bronx in New York City. Its boundaries, starting from the north and moving clockwise are East 222nd Street to the north, Boston Road to the east, East Gun Hill Road to the south, and the Bronx River to the west. White Plains Road is the primary thoroughfare through Williamsbridge.

The neighborhood is part of Bronx Community Board 12 and its ZIP Codes include 10466, 10467, and 10469. The area is patrolled by the 47th Precinct of the New York City Police Department. New York City Housing Authority (NYCHA) property in the area is patrolled by P.S.A. 8 at 2794 Randall Avenue in the Throggs Neck section of the Bronx.

Demographics

The neighborhood was historically heavily Jewish and Italian-American. It became predominantly African American in the 1970s, and since the 1980s, has received an influx of Caribbean and West Indian immigrants.

Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Williamsbridge was 61,321, an increase of 3,901 (6.8%) from the 57,420 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 833.25 acres (337.20 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 73.6 inhabitants per acre (47,100/sq mi; 18,200/km2). The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 2.8% (1,690) White, 67.5% (41,380) African American, 0.4% (237) Native American, 1.6% (961) Asian, 0.0% (13) Pacific Islander, 0.6% (396) from other races, and 1.6% (956) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25.6% (15,688) of the population.

The entirety of Community District 12, which comprises Williamsbridge, Woodlawn, Baychester, and Eastchester, had 156,542 inhabitants as of NYC Health's 2018 Community Health Profile, with an average life expectancy of 81.0 years. This is about the same as the median life expectancy of 81.2 for all New York City neighborhoods. Most inhabitants are youth and middle-aged adults: 24% are between the ages of between 0–17, 27% between 25–44, and 26% between 45–64. The ratio of college-aged and elderly residents was lower, at 10% and 13% respectively.

As of 2017, the median household income in Community District 12 was $48,018. In 2018, an estimated 22% of Williamsbridge and Eastchester residents lived in poverty, compared to 25% in all of the Bronx and 20% in all of New York City. One in eight residents (13%) were unemployed, compared to 13% in the Bronx and 9% in New York City. Rent burden, or the percentage of residents who have difficulty paying their rent, is 57% in Williamsbridge and Eastchester, compared to the boroughwide and citywide rates of 58% and 51% respectively. Based on this calculation, as of 2018, Williamsbridge and Eastchester are considered high-income relative to the rest of the city and not gentrifying.

Land use and terrain

Williamsbridge is dominated by multi-unit homes of various types. Most of the private homes are two- and three-stories tall. The total land area is roughly a mile and a half. The area is low laying and flat.

Beth Abraham Hospital is located on Allerton and Barker Avenues. P.S. 96 - Richard Rodgers School is located at Olinville Avenue and Waring Avenue.

Low income public housing projects

NYCHA Edenwald Laconia 225 jeh
Edelwald Houses

There are three NYCHA developments located in Williamsbridge.

  1. Baychester Houses: 11 buildings, six-story tall.
  2. Edenwald Houses: 40 buildings, three- and 14-story tall. The largest public housing development in Bronx.
  3. Gun Hill Houses: six buildings, 14-story tall.

Parks

The Seventh Draft District World War I Monument located at East 219th Street and Bronx Blvd. and the park that surrounds it, has undergone a renaissance as of late. In addition to the Department of Parks cleaning up the area in 2008, there has been an annual Memorial Day service at the monument itself since 2009.

History

110800-Williamsbridge-SSS
Class of the Socialist Sunday School organized by Italian immigrants of Williamsbridge in the summer of 1911.

According to the New York City Parks Department Williamsbridge was named for 18th Century farmer John Williams, who had a farm on the east bank of the Bronx River in the vicinity of Gun Hill Road and White Plains Road, and was credited with building the first bridge over the Bronx River. It incorporated as a village on November 23, 1888.

Olinville is a disused neighborhood name for the area around Olinville Avenue in Williamsbridge. It is mostly situated around White Plains Road between Allerton Avenue and Gun Hill Road.

The New York City Department of City Planning has proposed zoning map changes for 36 blocks in the Williamsbridge/Olinville area. The proposed zoning would preserve the area’s lower density residential character and promote new development in keeping with the scale of the surrounding neighborhood. In addition, the DCP is proposing a zoning text amendment establishing a new citywide R5A district to address the unique detached housing stock found within this neighborhood.

The area’s development patterns, although varied, are characterized by distinct enclaves of detached, semi-detached, and attached residential buildings, as well as a smaller number of mid and high-rise apartment buildings. However, the height and density of existing housing is generally lower than is permitted under the current zoning. Clusters of one- and two-family homes are prevalent in many parts of Williamsbridge and few buildings are higher than 70 feet, even in the more densely developed portions of the neighborhood. The proposed rezonings aim to address this zoning mismatch by ensuring that new development is of a density and scale compatible with the low-rise/low-density character of this community.

Transportation

Gun Hill Road Station - April 2015
Gun Hill Road station

The following MTA Regional Bus Operations bus routes serve Williamsbridge:

The following New York City Subway stations serve Williamsbridge:

  • Gun Hill Road (2 5 trains)
  • 219th Street (2 5 trains)

The Metro-North Railroad also stops at Williams Bridge station at Gun Hill Road and Webster Avenue, served by the Harlem Line.

Education

Williamsbridge and Eastchester generally have a lower rate of college-educated residents than the rest of the city as of 2018. While 32% of residents age 25 and older have a college education or higher, 20% have less than a high school education and 48% are high school graduates or have some college education. By contrast, 26% of Bronx residents and 43% of city residents have a college education or higher. The percentage of Williamsbridge and Eastchester students excelling in math rose from 32% in 2000 to 48% in 2011, though reading achievement remained constant at 37% during the same time period.

Williamsbridge and Eastchester's rate of elementary school student absenteeism is slightly higher than the rest of New York City. In Williamsbridge and Eastchester, 29% of elementary school students missed twenty or more days per school year, more than the citywide average of 20%. Additionally, 70% of high school students in Williamsbridge and Eastchester graduate on time, about the same as the citywide average of 75%.

School

PS 96 Richard Rodgers School is located at Olinville Avenue and Waring Avenue.

Library

The New York Public Library (NYPL)'s Wakefield branch is located at 4100 Lowerre Place. The branch opened in 1938 and contains collections in its basement and first floor.

kids search engine
Williamsbridge, Bronx Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.