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Windsor Locks, Connecticut
The Windsor Locks Canal Company alongside the Enfield Falls Canal
The Windsor Locks Canal Company alongside the Enfield Falls Canal
Official seal of Windsor Locks, Connecticut
Location within Hartford County, Connecticut
Location within Hartford County, Connecticut
Country United States
State Connecticut
NECTA Springfield MA
Region Capitol Region
Settled 1633
Incorporated 1854
 • Total 9.4 sq mi (24.3 km2)
 • Land 9.0 sq mi (23.4 km2)
 • Water 0.3 sq mi (0.9 km2)
Elevation 157 ft (48 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 12,498
 • Density 1,332.1/sq mi (514.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 06096
Area code(s) 860
FIPS code 09-87070
GNIS feature ID 0212355

Windsor Locks is a town in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States. As of the 2010 census, its population was 12,498. It is the site of Bradley International Airport, which serves the Greater Hartford-Springfield region and occupies approximately 1/3 of the town. Windsor Locks is also the site of the New England Air Museum.

Located beside the Connecticut River and equidistant from the densely populated cities of Springfield, Massachusetts and Hartford, Connecticut, Windsor Locks is named for a set of canal locks that opened in 1829. Windsor Locks is situated just south of the first large falls in the Connecticut River, the Enfield Falls, which is the northernmost point that seagoing vessels can reach on the Connecticut River before transferring to smaller ships. The Enfield Falls Canal circumvents the Enfield Falls and its nearby shallows.


Originally part of Windsor, Windsor Locks broke off into its own settlement in 1854 after the thriving Enfield Locks going around Enfield Falls which opened in 1829. The Bradley International Airport opened in 1940 and to civilian use in 1947. In 1967 the town boundary was somewhat altered due to the opening of the Bradley Connector. The town boundary between Windsor Locks and Windsor changed several times and was altered with Windsor Locks being on the westbound side and the Windsor side on the eastbound side with the border on the median.

The 1965 Little League World Series winning team is from Windsor Locks.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 9.4 square miles (24.3 km2), of which 9.0 square miles (23.4 km2) is land and 0.35 square miles (0.9 km2), or 3.65%, is water.


Windsor Locks has a humid subtropical climate with hot and humid summer days to cold sometimes frigid winter nights. Average January temperature high is 36 °F (2.2 °C) and a low of 18 °F ( -7.8 °C) temps can reach zero degrees or below 4 nights a year. Summer in Windsor Locks can be hot with the average July temperature of 87 °F (30.6 °C) at daytime and 63 °F (17.2 °C) at nighttime. Temperatures at or above 90 can occur 15 to 25 days per year. The hottest temperature at Windsor Locks was 103 °F (39.4 °C) on July 22, 2011 and the coldest recorded temperature was -26 °F (-32 °C) on January 22, 1961. Average rainfall in Windsor Locks is 46.27 inches.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,587
1870 2,154 35.7%
1880 2,332 8.3%
1890 2,758 18.3%
1900 3,062 11.0%
1910 3,715 21.3%
1920 3,554 −4.3%
1930 4,073 14.6%
1940 4,347 6.7%
1950 5,221 20.1%
1960 11,411 118.6%
1970 15,080 32.2%
1980 12,190 −19.2%
1990 12,358 1.4%
2000 12,043 −2.5%
2010 12,498 3.8%
Est. 2014 12,565 0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
See also: List of Connecticut locations by per capita income

As of the census of 2000, there are 12,043 people, 4,935 households, and 3,306 families residing in the town. The population density is 1,333.8 inhabitants per square mile (514.9/km²). There are 5,101 housing units at an average density of 218.1 persons/km² (565.0 persons/sq mi). The racial makeup of the town is 92.47% White, 2.67% African American, 0.12% Native American, 2.57% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.75% from other races, and 1.42% from two or more races. 2.22% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 4,935 households out of which 29.3% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% are married couples living together, 11.7% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 33.0% are non-families. 27.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.3% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.43 and the average family size is 2.97.

In the town, the population is spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 39 years. For every 100 females there are 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 92.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town is $48,837, and the median income for a family is $59,054. Males have a median income of $41,179 versus $33,641 for females. The per capita income for the town is $23,079. 4.4% of the population and 3.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 4.5% are under the age of 18 and 4.7% are 65 or older.


  • The Windsor Locks High School mascot is the Raider; the colors are maroon and white.
  • For many years, Windsor Locks was known as Pine Meadow—a section of neighboring Windsor. In 1854, it was formally incorporated as Windsor Locks.
  • Windsor Locks is home to FlightSimCon, the only flight simulation focused conference in North America
  • Windsor Locks won the Little League World Series in 1965.
  • Windsor Locks claims that a Hessian soldier put up a Christmas tree in 1777 while imprisoned at the Noden-Reed House, thus making it the home of the first Christmas tree in New England.
  • Windsor Locks High School won the 2005 and 2006 Class S State Championships in baseball.
  • Windsor Locks High School won the 2001 basketball state championship.
  • Windsor Locks High School won the 1966 Class M State Championship indoor track

Historical places

The following places are in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP):

  • Dave Pinney House and Barn — 58 West St. (added August 25, 1977)
  • Enfield Falls Canal — along Connecticut River from Windsor Locks north to Suffield CT at a location directly across the Connecticut River from Thompsonville (added May 22, 1976)
  • Memorial Hall — Intersection of South Main and Elm streets (added July 2, 1987)
  • Windsor Locks Passenger Station — Main Street (added October 2, 1975)
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