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Alla Nazimova
Alla Nazimova 13.jpg
Nazimova in 1913
Born
Marem-Ides (Adelaida Yakovlevna) Leventon

(1879-06-03)June 3, 1879 [O.S. May 22]
Died July 13, 1945(1945-07-13) (aged 66)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Other names Nazimova
Alia Nasimoff
Occupation Actress, screenwriter, producer
Years active 1903–1944
Spouse(s)
Sergei Golovin
(m. 1899; div. 1923)
Partner(s) Charles Bryant (1912–1925)
Glesca Marshall (1929–1945)

Alla Nazimova (Russian: Алла Назимова; born Marem-Ides Leventon, Russian: Марем-Идес Левентон; June 3 [O.S. May 22] , 1879 – July 13, 1945) was a Russian-American actress, director, and producer.

On Broadway, she was noted for her work in the classic plays of Ibsen, Chekhov and Turgenev. She later moved on to film, where she served many production roles, both writing and directing films under pseudonyms. Her film Salome (1923) is regarded as a cultural landmark.

Nazimova was bisexual and openly conducted relationships with women while being married to a man. She created the Garden of Allah hotel, which became a retreat for many celebrities of the time. She is credited with having originated the phrase "sewing circle" as a discreet code for lesbian or bisexual actresses.

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