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Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer
Bundesministerin a. D.
Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer 2 par Claude Truong-Ngoc janvier 2015.jpg
Karrenbauer in 2015
Leader of the Christian Democratic Union
In office
7 December 2018 – 22 January 2021
General Secretary Paul Ziemiak
Deputy Volker Bouffier
Julia Klöckner
Armin Laschet
Ursula von der Leyen
Thomas Strobl
Silvia Breher
Preceded by Angela Merkel
Succeeded by Armin Laschet
General Secretary of the Christian Democratic Union
In office
26 February 2018 – 7 December 2018
Leader Angela Merkel
Preceded by Peter Tauber
Succeeded by Paul Ziemiak
Minister of Defence
In office
17 July 2019 – 8 December 2021
Chancellor Angela Merkel
Preceded by Ursula von der Leyen
Succeeded by Christine Lambrecht
Minister-President of Saarland
In office
10 August 2011 – 28 February 2018
Deputy Christoph Hartmann
Peter Jacoby (interim)
Heiko Maas
Anke Rehlinger
Preceded by Peter Müller
Succeeded by Tobias Hans
Leader of the Christian Democratic Union in the Saarland
In office
28 May 2011 – 19 October 2018
General Secretary Roland Theis
Deputy Peter Altmaier
Peter Jacoby
Klaus Meiser
Daniela Schlegel-Friedrich
Stephan Toscani
Preceded by Peter Müller
Succeeded by Tobias Hans
Personal details
Annegret Kramp

(1962-08-09) 9 August 1962 (age 61)
Völklingen, Saarland, West Germany
Political party Christian Democratic Union
Helmut Karrenbauer
(m. 1984)
Children 3
Alma mater Saarland University
University of Trier

Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer (German pronunciation: [ˈanəɡʁeːt ˈkʁamp ˈkaʁənˌbaʊɐ]; born 9 August 1962), sometimes referred to by her initials of AKK, is a retired German politician who served as Minister of Defence from 2019 to 2021 and as Leader of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) from 2018 to 2021.

On 10 February 2020, Kramp-Karrenbauer announced that she would resign her position as CDU leader later in the year and would not put herself forward as a candidate for chancellor for the 2021 federal election. She was succeeded by Armin Laschet at the 2021 Christian Democratic Union of Germany leadership election.

Kramp-Karrenbauer previously served as secretary general of the party and as Minister President of Saarland from 2011 to 2018, the first woman to lead the Government of Saarland and fourth woman to head a German state government. Kramp-Karrenbauer is regarded as socially conservative, but on the CDU's left wing in economic policy and has been described as a centrist. She is an active Catholic and has served on the Central Committee of German Catholics. She is the second woman to hold the office of German defence minister. She was succeeded by Christine Lambrecht.

In October 2021 she proposed for the use of nuclear weapons against Russia via a First-Strike capability as a deterrence against any "provocation" or aggression.

She renounced her Bundestag mandate and retired from politics after the 2021 federal election.

Life and education

Püttlingen Ansicht 01
Püttlingen, a small town near the German–French border, where Annegret Kramp grew up

Annegret Kramp was born in Völklingen located on the Saar River midway between Saarlouis and Saarbrücken, around 40 kilometres from Luxembourg and close to the border with France. She grew up in the neighbouring town of Püttlingen. Her father was a special education teacher and a headmaster. She graduated from high school in 1982 and considered becoming a school teacher, but decided to study politics and law at the University of Trier and at Saarland University, where she earned a master's degree in 1990.

See also

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