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Saarbrücken facts for kids

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The title of this article contains the character ü. Where it is unavailable or not wanted, the name may be written as Saarbruecken.
Coat of arms of Saarbrücken
Coordinates 49°14′0″N 7°0′0″E / 49.233333°N 7°E / 49.233333; 7
Country Germany
State Saarland
District Saarbrücken District
City subdivisions 20
Mayor Charlotte Britz (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 167.07 km2 (64.51 sq mi)
Elevation 230.1 m  (755 ft)
Population 180,515  (31 December 2006)
 - Density 1,080 /km2 (2,798 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate SB
Postal codes 66001-66133
Area codes 0681, 06893, 06897, 06898, 06805
Location of the town of Saarbrücken within Saarbrücken District district
County of Saarbrücken

Grafschaft Saarbrücken (de)
Comté de Sarrebruck (fr)
Grofschaft Saarbrécken (lb)
12th century–1797
Status State of the Holy Roman Empire
Capital Saarbrücken
Common languages Rhine Franconian; see language of the Saarland
Government Principality
Historical era Middle Ages
• Joined Holy Roman Empire
• Established
ca 1120 12th century
• Passed to Nassau-Weilburg
• Occupied by France
• Annexed by France
• Passed to Prussian Grd
    Dchy Lwr Rhine
June 9 1815
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Bishopric of Metz Bishopric of Metz
Sarre (department)

Saarbrücken is the capital and largest city of the state of Saarland, Germany. Saarbrücken is Saarland's administrative, commercial and cultural centre and is next to the French border.

Saarbrücken was created in 1909 by the merger of three towns, Saarbrücken, St. Johann, and Malstatt-Burbach. It was the industrial and transport centre of the Saar coal basin. Products included iron and steel, sugar, beer, pottery, optical instruments, machinery, and construction materials.

Historic landmarks in the city include the stone bridge across the Saar (1546), the Gothic church of St. Arnual, the 18th-century Saarbrücken Castle, and the old part of the town, the Sankt Johanner Markt (Market of St. Johann).

In the 20th century, Saarbrücken was twice separated from Germany: in 1920–35 as capital of the Territory of the Saar Basin and in 1947–56 as capital of the Saar Protectorate.

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