Saarbrücken facts for kids
- The title of this article contains the character ü. Where it is unavailable or not wanted, the name may be written as Saarbruecken.
|Mayor||Charlotte Britz (SPD)|
|Area||167.07 km2 (64.51 sq mi)|
|Elevation||230.1 m (755 ft)|
|Population||180,515 (31 December 2006)|
|- Density||1,080 /km2 (2,798 /sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Area codes||0681, 06893, 06897, 06898, 06805|
|Location of the town of Saarbrücken within Saarbrücken District district|
County of Saarbrücken
|Status||State of the Holy Roman Empire|
|Common languages||Rhine Franconian; see language of the Saarland|
|Historical era||Middle Ages|
• Joined Holy Roman Empire
|ca 1120 12th century|
• Passed to Nassau-Weilburg
• Occupied by France
• Annexed by France
June 9 1815
Saarbrücken is the capital and largest city of the state of Saarland, Germany. Saarbrücken is Saarland's administrative, commercial and cultural centre and is next to the French border.
Saarbrücken was created in 1909 by the merger of three towns, Saarbrücken, St. Johann, and Malstatt-Burbach. It was the industrial and transport centre of the Saar coal basin. Products included iron and steel, sugar, beer, pottery, optical instruments, machinery, and construction materials.
Historic landmarks in the city include the stone bridge across the Saar (1546), the Gothic church of St. Arnual, the 18th-century Saarbrücken Castle, and the old part of the town, the Sankt Johanner Markt (Market of St. Johann).
In the 20th century, Saarbrücken was twice separated from Germany: in 1920–35 as capital of the Territory of the Saar Basin and in 1947–56 as capital of the Saar Protectorate.
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Saarbrücken Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.