Saar River facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsSaar - Sarre
Saar loop at Mettlach
|- right||Blies, Prims|
|Primary source||Sarre Blanche|
|- location||Vosges Mountains, Grand Est, France|
|Secondary source||Sarre Rouge|
|Length||246 km (153 mi)|
|Basin||7,431 km² (2,869 sq mi)|
|Discharge||for the confluence with the Moselle River|
|- average||75 m³/s (2,649 cu ft/s)|
The Saar (French: Sarre) is a river in northeastern France (Grand Est) and western Germany (Saarland, Rhineland-Palatinate). It is a right tributary of the Moselle River. It rises in the Vosges Mountains in Grand Est and flows northwards into the Moselle near Trier.
With a length of 246 km (153 mi), it is the largest tributary of the Moselle river. Its drainage basin has an area of approximately 7,431 km2 (2,869 sq mi).
The Saar river is born at the foot of Mont Donon, the highest peak of the northern Vosges Mountains. It flows first for about 126 km (78 mi) through the French region of Grand Est. The Saar marks the border between France and Germany for about 11 km (7 mi) from its confluence with the Blies, between the towns of Sarreguemines and Saarbrücken and goes into German territory.
Then the river flows about 68 km (42 mi) through the Saarland, and about 31 km (19 mi) through the Rhineland-Palatinate and, finally, flows into the Moselle at Konz between Trier and the Luxembourg border.
The Sarre Rouge (Red Saar) and Sarre Blanche (White Saar) are considered as the two source rivers of the Saar.
The Red and the White Saar have their sources on Donon, less than 1 km (1 mi) distance apart. The source of the White Saar is near the town of Grandfontaine (Bas-Rhin department), and the source of the Red Saar is near the town of Abreschviller, (Moselle department). The confluence of the two rivers is near Hermelange ( ), south of Sarrebourg.
|Red Saar||1.86 m³/s||26.8 km||107.3 km²||785 m|
|White Saar||1.60 m³/s||26.6 km||80.4 km²||710 m|
The Saar river, and its two source rivers, flow first through the Moselle department, in the Lorraine region; then, for a short distance, flow through the Bas-Rhin department, in the Grand Est region. From Sarrealbe to Sarreguemines, the Saar flows along the border with Germany. At Sarreguemines, the Blies river, the largest tributary of the Saar, flows into the Saar and its discharge rises from 20.9 m³/s to 41.5 m³/s.
Middle and lower Saar
From Sarreguemines, the Saar is navigable (it is deep, wide and slow enough for a ship to pass). Then the Saar gets into German territory forming a narrow valley through the western Rhenish Massif. At its beginning in this region, it forms the famous Saar loop (German: Saarschleife) at Mettlach.
Tributaries of the Saar
Some of the important tributaries of the Saar are:
Towns along the river
Some towns and cities found along the river are:
|France||Départments||Towns and cities|
|Moselle||Abreschviller (Sarre Rouge), Lorquin, Sarrebourg, Fénétrange|
|Germany||Bundesländer||Towns and cities|
|Saarland||Saarbrücken, Völklingen, Wadgassen, Bous, Saarlouis, Dillingen, Merzig|
Images for kids
Saar River Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.