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Artane

Ard Aidhin
Suburb of Dublin
Country Ireland
Province Leinster
County Dublin
Area
 • Suburb of Dublin 3.86 km2 (1.49 sq mi)
Population
 (2006)
 • Urban
36,564
   (Local election areas)
Time zone UTC+0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-1 (IST (WEST))
Area code(s) 01, +353 1
Irish Grid Reference O176375

Artane, sometimes spelled Artaine (Irish: Ard Aidhin), historically Tartaine is a northside suburb of Dublin city, Ireland. It is also a civil parish in the ancient barony of Coolock. Neighbouring districts include Kilmore West, Coolock, Beaumont, Killester, Raheny and Clontarf; to the south is a small locality, Harmonstown, straddling the Raheny-Artane border. Artane is also a parish in the Fingal South East deanery of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Dublin.

History

Dublin 1901 NE B
North eastern Dublin city, including Artaine, 1901

Artaine, now usually Artane, has a recorded history spanning over 900 years, but for much of that time was a quiet rural area.

Artane, as described from Thom's Almanac and Official Directory: County Dublin Directory, in 1862: A village and parish in Coolock barony, Dublin county, three miles (5 km) N. from the General Post Office, Dublin, comprising an area of 954 acres (3.86 km2). Population, 457. The village is on the road to Malahide. The parish, anciently called "Tartaine," for centuries formed part of the estate of the Hollywood family, and the castle of Artane likewise belonged to that of the Donnellans. The ruins were taken down in 1825, and on its site Artane House was erected.

Artane Castle was recorded from about 1360 when Robert de Holywood, Chief Baron of the Irish Exchequer and founder of the Hollywood family, purchased it.

The civil parish of Artaine, linked with Finglas before the Reformation, comprises the townlands of Artaine North, Artaine South, Artaine West, Artaine East (originally Skillinglass), Puckstown (where Bram Stoker once resided with his family) and two-thirds of the townland of Oldtown (the remainder being in the civil parish of Coolock).

Artane Cottages Lower and Upper, built circa 1900, on the Malahide Road, are in the townland of Killester North.

Silken Thomas and Artane Castle

In 1534, when Silken Thomas appeared in Dublin, the citizens, feeling themselves unable to defend the city, allowed his troops to enter and lay siege to Dublin Castle. Among those who had taken refuge in the Castle was John Alen, Archbishop of Dublin. He had incurred the enmity of the FitzGeralds (also known as the Geraldines) by zeal in promoting Wolsey's plans, and now dreaded their vengeance. He tried to escape by sea, but his ship was driven ashore at Clontarf. He sought refuge at Artane Castle, the home of his friend and fellow councillor Thomas St. Lawrence: St. Lawrence willingly took him in, but his hiding place was betrayed and he was captured. When brought before Silken Thomas, he implored the Earl to spare his life, but the young lord turned away with contempt, saying "Beir uaim an bodach" ("take the fellow away"). These words were interpreted as an order to put him to death and he was murdered in cold blood. For this crime, Silken Thomas was excommunicated by the Pope and thus lost many of his adherents. A slab bearing his name is still to be seen in the Archbishop's cemetery. In this old cemetery, we also have the 18th century tomb of Richard Hollywood of Elm Park and the ruins of the 13th century parish church.

Artane Industrial School

The Artane Industrial school was set up in 1871 in Artane House by the Congregation of Christian Brothers. Industrial Schools were established to take in orphaned or abandoned boys or those who were involved in petty crime, and even such a minor offence as skipping school could be enough for a boy to be sent there. It has been said that about 5% of the children in Artane, indeed in all Industrial Schools, were actually orphans. Most of the incarcerated children were from families that had broken down and as separation was not allowed either, the children of these broken marriages were incarcerated and the religious institution in whose charge the children were put were paid one-third of a labourer's wage to feed, educate and clothe each child. In today's money this would be equal to about €120 per child per week.

The school housed around 900 boys at any one time and they stayed there until they were 16 years of age. More than 15,000 youngsters passed through the gates of the school from 1871 to its closure in 1966.

After the industrial school

St. David's Primary School, BNS, began operations on the lower floors of the old industrial school in 1969. St. David's Secondary School, CBS, moved into the upper floors of the industrial school building in 1974 from the pre-fabricated buildings on Kilmore Road which it had occupied since 1966. The school building remains today, with playing fields surrounded by a double fence.

Artane today

The district today has a dispersed character, lying either side of the Malahide Road, with focal points around the churches, the main shopping centre and the Artane Roundabout. There are shopping precincts on the Malahide Road, and opposite St John Vianney Roman Catholic church, there is a shopping centre, Artane Castle Shopping Centre, (anchored by Tesco Ireland).

There are two Roman Catholic churches, a considerable distance apart – Our Lady of Mercy, Brookwood Grove, and St John Vianney, Ardlea Road. Artane is also the site of the large Coolock-Artane Credit Union main office (the other, older office is in Northside Shopping Centre), and the smaller Donnycarney-Beaumont Credit Union, located in Artane Castle Shopping Centre.

Schools in Artane include St. David's CBS and St. David's Boys National schools, mentioned above, and St. John of God National School on Kilmore Road.

Public transport

Dublin bus Artane
Dublin bus Artane.

Dublin Bus

Artane is served by a number of Dublin Bus routes, including: 14, 15, 27, 27B, 27X, 42, 42A, 42B 43, 104, 27a. The Artane roundabout bus stop is nearly always occupied by passengers.

DART

It is close to two stations: Harmonstown railway station, which divides Artane and Harmonstown, and Killester railway station.

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