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Āryabhaṭa
2064 aryabhata-crp.jpg
Statue depicting Aryabhata on the grounds of IUCAA, Pune (although there is no historical record of his appearance).
Born 476 CE
Kusumapura (Pataliputra) (present day Patna)
Died 550 CE
Academic background
Influences Surya Siddhanta
Academic work
Era Gupta era
Main interests Mathematics, astronomy
Notable works Āryabhaṭīya, Arya-siddhanta
Notable ideas Explanation of lunar eclipse and solar eclipse, rotation of Earth on its axis, reflection of light by moon, sinusoidal functions, solution of single variable quadratic equation, value of π correct to 4 decimal places, diameter of Earth, calculation of the length of sidereal year
Influenced Lalla, Bhaskara I, Brahmagupta, Varahamihira

Aryabhata, (476–550 CE) was the first of the major mathematician-astronomers from the classical age of Indian mathematics and Indian astronomy. His works include the Āryabhaṭīya (which mentions that in 3600 Kaliyuga, 499 CE, he was 23 years old) and the Arya-siddhanta.

For his explicit mention of the relativity of motion, he also qualifies as a major early physicist.

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