kids encyclopedia robot

Augusta, Kansas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Augusta, Kansas
Location within Butler County and Kansas
Location within Butler County and Kansas
KDOT map of Butler County (legend)
Country United States
State Kansas
County Butler
Founded 1868
Incorporated 1871
Named for Augusta James
 • Total 4.87 sq mi (12.62 km2)
 • Land 4.24 sq mi (10.99 km2)
 • Water 0.63 sq mi (1.64 km2)
1,273 ft (388 m)
 • Total 9,256
 • Density 1,900.6/sq mi (733.4/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code 316
FIPS code 20-03300
GNIS ID 474806

Augusta is a city in Butler County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2020 census, the population of the city was 9,256.


C.N. James Trading Post, Augusta, Kansas
C. N. James Cabin, built 1868, first building in Augusta, Kansas.

19th century

The confluence of the Whitewater River and the Walnut River was originally inhabited by Osage people, who found the land ideal for hunting and fishing.

In 1868, C. N. James settled in the area and built a log cabin to serve also as a general store and trading post. Around that same time, a post office was established in the settlement, and as the first postmaster, C. N. James named the post office and the town in honor of his wife, Augusta James.

In 1877, the Florence, El Dorado, and Walnut Valley Railroad Company built a branch line from Florence to El Dorado. In 1881 it was extended to Douglass, and later to Arkansas City. The rail line was leased and operated by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. Service from Florence to El Dorado was abandoned in 1942. The original branch line connected Florence, Burns, De Graff, El Dorado, Augusta, Douglass, Rock, Akron, Winfield, Arkansas City.

The Frisco Railroad was later extended through Augusta.

20th century

The discovery of oil and natural gas in Butler County lead to further growth and became a major source of employment for many years. The closure of Mobil Refinery in 1983 marked a change in Augusta's commerce.

21st century

In 2010, the Keystone-Cushing Pipeline (Phase II) was constructed about 1.5 miles west of Augusta, north to south through Butler County, with much controversy over tax exemption and environmental concerns (if a leak ever occurs).


Augusta is located at 37°41′33″N 96°58′48″W / 37.69250°N 96.98000°W / 37.69250; -96.98000 (37.692425, -96.979886), at the confluence of the Walnut and Whitewater Rivers. It is located along the western edge of Butler County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.75 square miles (12.30 km2), of which, 4.23 square miles (10.96 km2) is land and 0.52 square miles (1.35 km2) is water.


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Augusta has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 922
1890 1,343 45.7%
1900 1,197 −10.9%
1910 1,235 3.2%
1920 4,219 241.6%
1930 4,033 −4.4%
1940 3,821 −5.3%
1950 4,483 17.3%
1960 6,434 43.5%
1970 5,977 −7.1%
1980 6,968 16.6%
1990 7,876 13.0%
2000 8,423 6.9%
2010 9,274 10.1%
2020 9,256 −0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 9,274 people, 3,669 households, and 2,448 families living in the city. The population density was 2,192.4 inhabitants per square mile (846.5/km2). There were 3,951 housing units at an average density of 934.0 per square mile (360.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.2% White, 0.4% African American, 1.3% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.1% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4% of the population.

There were 3,669 households, of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.3% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.10.

The median age in the city was 35.7 years. 27.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25% were from 25 to 44; 23.2% were from 45 to 64; and 15.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.2% male and 52.8% female.


The Augusta Historic Theater, now home to the Augusta Arts Council, is a classic example of Art Deco. Augusta is also home to the Kansas Museum of Military History (formerly Augusta Air Museum). The Augusta Historical Museum and the C.N. James Log Cabin are on the National Register of Historic Places. Also Henry's Sculpture Hill is located outside the cities limit. Augusta does offer an airport called the Augusta Municipal Airport.


The community is served by Augusta USD 402 public school district.

Notable people

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Augusta (Kansas) para niños

kids search engine
Augusta, Kansas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.