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B.B. King
B.B. King, 2009.jpg
Background information
Birth name Riley B. King
Born (1925-09-16)September 16, 1925
Indianola, Mississippi, US
Died May 14, 2015(2015-05-14) (aged 89)
Las Vegas, Nevada, US
Genres Blues
Instruments Guitar, vocals
Years active 1948 – 2015
Labels Geffen/Interscope/Universal, Bullet Records, RPM Records, Crown, ABC, MCA, Reprise/Warner Bros., Virgin/EMI

B.B. King (born Riley B. King; September 16, 1925 – May 14, 2015) was an American blues guitarist and singer-songwriter. In 2003, Rolling Stone magazine said that King was the third "Greatest Guitarist of All Time."

Early Life

B.B. King was born in Indianola, Mississippi. His father left the family and his mother was too poor to raise him, and so lived with his grandmother, Elnora Farr, in Kilmichael, Mississippi. There he sang in the gospel choir at Elkhorn Baptist Church. At the age of 15, he bought his first guitar. His idols were blues musician T-Bone Walker and jazz musicians like Charlie Christian and Django Reinhardt. In 1943, he left the town and worked as a tractor driver. King performed on Sonny Boy Williamson's radio program on KWEM in West Memphis, Arkansas. People liked his sound and B.B was invited to the Sixteenth Avenue Grill in West Memphis and later, to a ten-minute spot on the Memphis, Tennessee radio station WDIA. This spot became so popular that it was expanded and became the "Sepia Swing Club." During his work for the radio station, he got his nickname "Beale Street Blues Boy", which was later shortened to B.B. (Beale Street is an actual street in Memphis).

Career

In 1949, King began recording songs for RPM Records from Los Angeles. Under the leadership of Millard Lee, King formed his own band. He called it the B.B. King Review, and went on tours.

B.B. King, Lucille, 2009-07-17
Lucille-European Tour 2009

In the winter of 1949, he played at a dance hall in Twist, Arkansas. The hall was heated by burning barrels filled with kerosine. During his performance, two men started a fight and knocked over one of the barrels. This caught the dance hall on fire and everyone evacuated. After he was outside, King learned that he had left his guitar and he ran inside to get it. The next day, he found out that the fight was started over a woman named Lucille, and he named the guitar "Lucille."

In the 1950s B.B. King became one of the most important blues musicians. He toured regularly. In 1956, he gave 352 concerts. Among his hits were "3 O'Clock Blues," "You Know I Love You," "Woke Up This Morning," "Please Love Me," "When My Heart Beats Like a Hammer," "Whole Lotta Love," "You Upset Me Baby," "Every Day I Have the Blues," "Sneakin' Around," "Ten Long Years," "Bad Luck," "Sweet Little Angel", "On My Word of Honor," and "Please Accept My Love."

In the 1960s King lost importance for black listeners but could reach the white music fans. Many white guitarists like Eric Clapton have named him as an influence. King played at rock concerts and music venues of the hippie culture like the Fillmore West. He also reached #15 in the U.S. pop charts with his title "The Thrill Is Gone". From the 1980s onward he continued his career, appearing on numerous television shows and performing 300 nights a year. The title "When Love Comes To Town," which he performed together with the rock band U2, introduced him to a younger audience.

Personal Life

B.B. King was married two times. The marriages ended because of the burden of more than 200 concerts a year. It is reported that he is the father of 15 children. He lived with Type 2 diabetes for over twenty years and was a famous spokesman in the fight against the disease.

Death

King died at the age of 89 in Las Vegas, Nevada, on May 14, 2015, from complications of Alzheimer's disease along with congestive heart failure and diabetic complications. On May 30, 2015, King's funeral was held at the Bell Grove Missionary Baptist Church in Indianola, Mississippi. He was buried at the museum.

TV and Film

B.B. King has made guest appearances in many popular television shows, including The Cosby Show, The Young and the Restless, General Hospital, The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, Sesame Street, Married... with Children, Sanford and Son, and Touched by an Angel. He has also made a cameo in the movie Spies Like Us. In the movie Blues Brothers 2000, he was the leader of The Louisiana Gator Boys, a blues supergroup, which battles against the Blues Brothers.

B.B. King's Blues Club

BBKINGSignBealeStreet
B.B. Kings Blues Club, Beale Street, Memphis

B.B. King owned a chain of restaurants with concert venues in the United States. The first was opened on Beale Street in Memphis in 1991.

Honors and Awards

B.B. King Presidential Medal of Freedom
B.B. King gets the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • In 1980, he was inducted into the Blues Hall of Fame.
  • In 1987, he was inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame.
  • In 1990, he was awarded the National Medal of Arts.
  • In 1991, he was awarded the National Heritage Fellowship from the NEA.
  • In 1995, King was awarded the Kennedy Center Honors. This is given to recognize "the lifelong accomplishments and extraordinary talents of our nation's most prestigious artists."
  • In 2004, the Royal Swedish Academy of Music awarded him the Polar Music Prize for his "significant contributions to the blues."
  • On December 15, 2006, President George W. Bush awarded King the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
  • On May 27, 2007, Brown University awarded King an honorary doctorate degree in music.
  • On May 14, 2008, King was presented with the keys to the city of Utica, New York; and on May 18, 2008, the mayor of Portland, Maine, Edward Suslovic, declared the day "B.B. King Day" in the city. Prior to King's performance at the Merrill Auditorium, Suslovic presented King with the keys to the city.
  • In 2009, Time named B.B. King #3 on its list of the 10 best electric guitarists of all time.
  • Each year during the first week in June, a B.B. King Homecoming Festival is held in Indianola, Mississippi.
  • A Mississippi Blues Trail marker was added for B.B. King, commemorating his birthplace.
  • On May 29, 2010, Sabrosa Park (at the small town of Sabrosa, north of Portugal) was renamed B.B. King Park in honor of King and the free concert he played before 20,000 people.
  • One category of the Blues Music Award of the Blues Music Foundation is called "B.B. King Entertainer of the Year."

Grammy Awards

King was given a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1987. As of 2009, he had won 15 Grammy Awards, of which ten have been the Grammy Award for Best Traditional Blues Album: in 2009 (for One Kind Favor), 2005 ( for B. B. King & Friends: 80), 2003 (for A Christmas Celebration of Hope), 2001 (for Riding with the King), 2000 (for Blues on the Bayou), 1994 (for Blues Summit), 1992 (for Live at the Apollo), 1991 (for Live at San Quentin), 1986 (for My Guitar Sings the Blues) and 1984 (for Blues 'N' Jazz).

Discography

Some important albums are:

  • Live at the Regal (1965)
  • Blues Summit (1993) duets with Robert Cray, Buddy Guy, John Lee Hooker, Koko Taylor, Etta James, Lowell Fulson, Albert Collins, Ruth Brown, Irma Thomas, and Joe Louis Walker
  • Let The Good Times Roll-The Music of Louis Jordan (1999)
  • Riding with the King (2001) with Eric Clapton

On DVD:

  • B.B. King & Joan Baez - Live at "Sing Sing" (2004)
  • Living Legend (2004)
  • Black Blues Experience (2004)
  • Sweet 16 (2004)
  • The Blues Sounds of B.B. King (2004)
  • In Concert (2003)
  • Live By Request (2003)
  • Live at Nicks (2002)
  • Live at Montreux (1993)

Interesting Facts about B.B. King

  • When B.B. King was a child, his mother forbade him to sing the blues.
  • B.B.’s favorite singer was Frank Sinatra.
  • Although King was drafted for the U.S. Army in 1945, he was discharged because his civilian skill as a tractor driver made him necessary to the war effort at home.
  • King’s first big hit was recorded in a Memphis YMCA.
  • Lucille, the name of King’s famous guitar was the first of over forty more guitars named Lucille.
  • His music has been in over fifty movie soundtracks.
  • King was a vegetarian.
  • His second wedding was presided by Aretha Franklin’s father.

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