Baldwin Hills, Los Angeles facts for kids
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Baldwin Hills is a residential community and affluent neighborhood in the South region of Los Angeles, California. It is located in the namesake Baldwin Hills range overlooking the Los Angeles Basin and the lower plain immediately to the north.
Baldwin Hills is bounded by La Cienega Boulevard to the west, Crenshaw Boulevard to the east, Stocker Avenue to the south and Rodeo Road to the north with Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard forming the northeast dividing line between Baldwin Hills and Crenshaw Manor. It is bordered on the west by Culver City and it shares the eastern border of Crenshaw Boulevard with Leimert Park.
The Baldwin Hills ZIP Code is 90008 and the telephone area code is 323. Baldwin Hills starts at Martin Luther King Boulevard going up to the base of the hills of Baldwin Hills Estates (an area nicknamed "The Dons" for the twenty nine streets beginning with the Spanish honorific). Baldwin Hills from Martin Luther King Blvd on the North, Marlton Avenue on the East, La Brea Avenue of the West and Baldwin Hills Estates on the South.
The landform Baldwin Hills have long been drilled for petroleum with active oil wells in the mid-hills along La Cienega Boulevard. As the oil fields close, some of the otherwise undeveloped land is being acquired by agencies for the public's benefit. The Kenneth Hahn State Recreation Area is a major jewel enhancing the community with park activities and recreation. The headwaters of Ballona Creek are in the hills and park which then flows west into the Santa Monica Bay.
- "Lucky" Baldwin: Baldwin Hills and other surrounding geography are named for the famous 19th century horse racing and land development pioneer, Elias J. "Lucky" Baldwin.
- Rancho La Cienega o Paso de la Tijera: historic early 19th century eastern hills Rancho land grant.
- Sanchez Adobe de Rancho La Cienega o Paso de la Tijera. The adobe was once the center of the rancho. In the 1920s, an addition was built linking the structures and the building was converted into a larger clubhouse for the Sunset Golf Course.
- Rancho Rincon de los Bueyes: original early 19th century western section Rancho land grant.
- Olympic Village:
View Park, close to Baldwin Hills, was the site of the very first Olympic Village ever built, for the 1932 Los Angeles Summer Olympic Games. Built for male athletes only, the village consisted of several hundred buildings, including post and telegraph offices, an amphitheater, a hospital, a fire department, and a bank. Female athletes were housed at the Chapman Park Hotel on Wilshire Boulevard. The Olympic Village was demolished after the Summer Olympic Games.
- 1963 Baldwin Hills Dam disaster, see disasters below.
Communities and sub-divisions in Baldwin Hills include:
- Baldwin Hills Estates (east of La Brea, southwest of Santo Tomas Drive, south of the Jim Gilliam Recreation Center and north of Stocker Street), is one of the wealthiest and richest majority-African American areas in the United States, and is sometimes called "the Black Beverly Hills". It includes the so-called Dons, winding streets with "modernistic" homes and modern low-rise condominiums with panoramic views of the Downtown Los Angeles skyline. It has creative street names as "Don Luis", "Don Felipe","Don Lorenzo, Don Miguel, Don Ortega, etc. The neighborhood is characterized by hillside houses with swimming pools, and modern condominiums (the latter often jut out from steep hillsides, perched on stilts).
- Baldwin Vista is north of Coliseum Street and west of the major thoroughfare, La Brea Boulevard, with slightly smaller homes and a more secluded ambience.
- Village Green, originally named Baldwin Hills Village and within Baldwin Vista, is a historic Mid-Century modern "garden city" developed by Walter H. Leimert (1877–1970) multi-family residential. It was designated as a National Historic Landmark in 2001. The units are now condominiums on very spacious grounds, attracting seniors, young families, and design professionals as residents.
- "Baldwin Village": since 1990 the city has promoted use of the official name "Baldwin Village". Located in Baldwin Hills' northeastern, flat section, between King Drive and La Brea Avenue. It consists largely of two-story apartment complex buildings of ten or more units, often originally surrounding a swimming pool and gardens, built in the late 1950s. Originally occupied mostly by adults, young families who have not yet able to afford home purchases had began to move in around the same time that de-segregation evoked white flight in the early 1960s. In the 1970s, black gangs took up illicit drug trade in the vicinity until the late 2000s as many young families are starting to return into the community. There is also redevelopment in the area.
- The southernmost portion of Baldwin Hills is actually outside the Los Angeles City limits; it resides in the unincorporated Los Angeles County area that also shares its space with the wealthy View Park-Windsor Hills and Ladera Heights. Stocker Street divides Baldwin Hills from the View Park neighborhood. The northeast face of the hills overlooks the Baldwin Hills Crenshaw Plaza shopping mall and Marlton Square's Kaiser Permanente medical building.
Parks and recreation
- Baldwin Hills Scenic Overlook: The 8.5-acre (3.4 ha) park is open daily from 8 a.m. to sunset. The Visitor Center is open Thursday–Sunday from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. The park includes an amphitheater, drinking water, the Evan Frankel Discovery Center, gardening boxes, picnic tables, a permeable parking lot ($6), toilets, and walking paths with a central feature known as the Culver City Stairs. The Visitor Center has a comprehensive guide to the native plants of the area and history of Culver City. On a clear day the Overlook's platform offers exceptional views spanning the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Hollywood Sign to the north, and downtown Los Angeles to the east.
- Kenneth Hahn State Regional Park: recreation and sports areas, and preservation of the open-space lands and native habitats: entrance on South La Cienega Boulevard.
- Norman O Houston Park: across from the Stocker Corridor Trail.
- Jim Gilliam Park & Recreation Center: Home to Jim Gilliam Senior Citizen Center
The Baldwin Hills population was 78.5% African American in the 2000 U.S Census population.
Baldwin Hills's ZIP Code is 90008.
Baldwin Hills is among the wealthiest majority-black communities in the United States. Prior to 1965 and restrictive covenants being eliminated, it was known as "Pill Hill" because a large number of doctors and psychologist seemed to live in the neighborhood.
Baldwin Hills has been home to many celebrities such as: Michael J. Fox, Ray Charles, Jimmy Pardo, Cal Worthington, Tina Turner, "Bubba" Smith, renowned famous architect Paul Williams, Nancy Wilson, Oscar-nominated film director John Singleton, and the late Los Angeles Mayor Tom Bradley.
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