Battle of Belgium facts for kids

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Battle of Belgium
Part of the Western Front of World War II
German soldiers pictured with a Vickers Utility Tractor (VUT) of the Belgian Army, and a pile of Belgian rifles and helmets the day after the Belgian surrender, 29 May 1940
German soldiers pictured with a Vickers Utility Tractor (VUT) of the Belgian Army, and a pile of Belgian rifles and helmets the day after the Belgian surrender, 29 May 1940
Date 10–28 May 1940
Location Belgium
Result Decisive German victory
  • Establishment of Free Belgian Forces
Territorial
changes
German occupation of Belgium
Participants
 Belgium Surrendered
France France
 United Kingdom
 Netherlands Surrendered
Nazi Germany Germany
Commanders and leaders
France Maurice Gamelin
France Maxime Weygand
United Kingdom Lord Gort
Belgium Leopold III Surrendered
Netherlands H.G. Winkelman Surrendered
Nazi Germany Gerd von Rundstedt
Nazi Germany Fedor von Bock
Strength
144 divisions
13,974 guns
3,384 tanks
2,249 aircraft
141 Divisions
7,378 guns
2,445 tanks
5,446 aircraft (4,020 operational)
Casualties and losses
222,443+ casualties (200,000 captured)
~900 aircraft
Unknown (see German casualties) but at least 43 paratroopers were killed and a further 100 wounded.

The Battle of Belgium or Belgian Campaign was part of the greater Battle of France. This was an offensive campaign by Germany during the Second World War. It took place over 18 days in May 1940. It ended with the German occupation of Belgium following the surrender of the Belgian Army.

The Allied Armies tried to stop the German Army in Belgium. They thought it was the main German attack. After the French had fully committed the best of the Allied Armies to Belgium between 10 and 12 May, the Germans went towards the English Channel. The German Army reached the Channel after five days. They encircling the Allied Armies. The Germans forced the Allies back to the sea. The Belgian Army surrendered on 28 May 1940, ending the battle.

The Battle of Belgium included the first tank battle of the war. It was the largest tank battle in history up to that date. The battle also included the Battle of Fort Eben-Emael, the first strategic airborne operation using paratroopers.

Belgium was occupied by the Germans until the winter of 1944–1945. It was freed by the Western Alliance.

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Battle of Belgium Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.