Fedor von Bock facts for kids
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Fedor von Bock
Fedor von Bock as Generaloberst, 1939
|Birth name||Moritz Albrecht Franz Friedrich Fedor von Bock|
|Nickname(s)||"Holy Fire of Küstrin"
3 December 1880|
Cüstrin, Kreis Königsberg Nm., Province of Brandenburg, German Empire
(present-day Kostrzyn nad Odrą, Poland)
|Died||4 May 1945
Oldenburg in Holstein, Germany
|Allegiance|| German Empire (1898–1918)
||Imperial German Army
|Years of service||1898 – 1942|
|Awards||Pour le Mérite
Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
Mally Lonny Anna Marga Klara von Reichenbach
(m. 1905; died 1910)
Wilhelmine Gottliebe Jenny von Boddien
(m. 1936; died 1945)
|Relations||Erich von Falkenhayn (uncle)
Eugen von Falkenhayn (uncle)
Moritz Albrecht Franz Friedrich Fedor von Bock (3 December 1880 – 4 May 1945) was a German Generalfeldmarschall who served in the German Army during the Second World War. Bock served as the commander of Army Group North during the Invasion of Poland in 1939, commander of Army Group B during the Invasion of France in 1940, and later as the commander of Army Group Center during the attack on the Soviet Union in 1941; his final command was that of Army Group South in 1942.
Bock commanded Operation Typhoon, the ultimately failed attempt to capture Moscow during the autumn and winter of 1941. The Wehrmacht offensive was slowed by stiff Soviet resistance around Mozhaisk, and also by the rasputitsa, the season of rain and mud in Central Russia. The Soviet counteroffensive soon drove the German army into retreat, and Bock was subsequently relieved of command by Adolf Hitler.
A monarchist, Bock was not heavily involved in politics. However, he also did not sympathize with plots to overthrow Adolf Hitler, and never filed protests over the treatment of civilians by the SS and his own troops. Bock was also uncommonly outspoken, a privilege Hitler extended to him only because he had been successful in battle. Bock—along with his second wife and his stepdaughter—were killed by a strafing British fighter-bomber on 4 May 1945 as they traveled by car towards Hamburg.
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