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Fedor von Bock
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1977-120-11, Fedor von Bock.jpg
Fedor von Bock as Generaloberst, 1939
Birth name Moritz Albrecht Franz Friedrich Fedor von Bock
Nickname(s) "Holy Fire of Küstrin"
"Der Sterber"
Born (1880-12-03)3 December 1880
Cüstrin, Kreis Königsberg Nm., Province of Brandenburg, German Empire
(present-day Kostrzyn nad Odrą, Poland)
Died 4 May 1945(1945-05-04) (aged 64)
Oldenburg in Holstein, Germany
Buried
Friedhof Lensahn
Allegiance  German Empire (1898–1918)

 Weimar Republic
(1918–1933)

 Nazi Germany (1933–1942)
Service/branch Imperial German Army
  • Prussian Army
Reichsheer
German Army
Years of service 1898 – 1942
Rank Wehrmacht GenFeldmarschall 1942h1.svg Generalfeldmarschall
Commands held Reichswehr:
  • II. (light) Battalion, 4th Prussian Infantry Regiment (1924)
  • 4th Prussian Infantry Regiment (1926)
  • 1st Cavalry Division
  • Military District II (1931)

Wehrmacht:

  • Gruppenkommando 3 (1935)
  • Gruppenkommando 1 (1938)
  • Army Group North (August 1939)
  • Army Group B (October 1939)
  • Army Group Center (October 1941)
  • Army Group South (January 1942)
Battles/wars
Awards Pour le Mérite
Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
Spouse(s)
Mally Lonny Anna Marga Klara von Reichenbach
(m. 1905; died 1910)

Wilhelmine Gottliebe Jenny von Boddien
(m. 1936; died 1945)
Children 1
Relations Erich von Falkenhayn (uncle)
Eugen von Falkenhayn (uncle)
Signature FedorvonBock signature.svg

Moritz Albrecht Franz Friedrich Fedor von Bock (3 December 1880 – 4 May 1945) was a German Generalfeldmarschall who served in the German Army during the Second World War. Bock served as the commander of Army Group North during the Invasion of Poland in 1939, commander of Army Group B during the Invasion of France in 1940, and later as the commander of Army Group Center during the attack on the Soviet Union in 1941; his final command was that of Army Group South in 1942.

Bock commanded Operation Typhoon, the ultimately failed attempt to capture Moscow during the autumn and winter of 1941. The Wehrmacht offensive was slowed by stiff Soviet resistance around Mozhaisk, and also by the rasputitsa, the season of rain and mud in Central Russia. The Soviet counteroffensive soon drove the German army into retreat, and Bock was subsequently relieved of command by Adolf Hitler.

A monarchist, Bock was not heavily involved in politics. However, he also did not sympathize with plots to overthrow Adolf Hitler, and never filed protests over the treatment of civilians by the SS and his own troops. Bock was also uncommonly outspoken, a privilege Hitler extended to him only because he had been successful in battle. Bock—along with his second wife and his stepdaughter—were killed by a strafing British fighter-bomber on 4 May 1945 as they traveled by car towards Hamburg.

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