Battle of the Little Bighorn facts for kids

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Battle of the Little Bighorn
Part of the Great Sioux War of 1876
Charles Marion Russell - The Custer Fight (1903).jpg
The Custer Fight by Charles Marion Russell
Date June 25–26, 1876
Location Near Little Bighorn River, Crow Indian Reservation, Big Horn County, Montana, U.S.
45°33′54″N 107°25′44″W / 45.565°N 107.42889°W / 45.565; -107.42889 (The Battle of Little BigHorn)Coordinates: 45°33′54″N 107°25′44″W / 45.565°N 107.42889°W / 45.565; -107.42889 (The Battle of Little BigHorn)
Result Lakota, Northern Cheyenne and Arapaho victory
Participants
  • Lakota
  • Dakota
  • Northern Cheyenne
  • Arapaho
Commanders and leaders
Units involved
Irregular military 7th Cavalry Regiment
Strength
1,500 – 2,500 warriors ~700 cavalrymen and scouts
Casualties and losses
  • 31 (up to 135) killed

Up to 160 wounded

  • 268 killed
  • 55 wounded (6 of whom later died of wounds)
10 Non-combatant natives killed

The Battle of the Little Bighorn, known to the Lakota and other Plains Indians as the Battle of the Greasy Grass and also commonly referred to as Custer's Last Stand, was an armed engagement between combined forces of the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Arapaho tribes and the 7th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army. The battle, which resulted in the defeat of U.S. forces, was the most significant action of the Great Sioux War of 1876. It took place on June 25–26, 1876, along the Little Bighorn River in the Crow Indian Reservation in southeastern Montana Territory.

The fight was an overwhelming victory for the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Arapaho, who were led by several major war leaders, including Crazy Horse and Chief Gall, and had been inspired by the visions of Sitting Bull (Tȟatȟáŋka Íyotake). The U.S. 7th Cavalry, a force of 700 men, suffered a major defeat while under the command of Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer (formerly a brevetted major general during the American Civil War). Five of the 7th Cavalry's twelve companies were annihilated and Custer was killed, as were two of his brothers, a nephew and a brother-in-law. The total U.S. casualty count included 268 dead and 55 severely wounded (six died later from their wounds), including four Crow Indian scouts and at least two Arikara Indian scouts.

Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument honors those who fought on both sides.

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