Blackburn, West Lothian facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsBlackburn
Looking west from the centre of the town
|Population||4,761 (2001 census)
4,970 (2006 estimate)
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Police||Lothian and Borders|
|Fire||Lothian and Borders|
Blackburn is a town in West Lothian, Scotland local to both Bathgate and Livingston, two of the larger towns in the county. It is situated approximately 32 kilometres (20 mi) west of Edinburgh and 40 kilometres (25 mi) east of Glasgow on the old A8 road.
Blackburn means "the black stream", from the Old English blæc "black" and burna "stream". The name was recorded as Blachebrine in 1152. As a small industrial centre, Blackburn originally developed as a cotton-manufacturing town. In the mid-19th century, it became a centre for coal mining.
Its small population expanded rapidly from 4,302 in 1961 to around 9,000 by 1965 as a result of employment opportunities in Bathgate to the north and through in-migration following the inception of the Glasgow Overspill Plan.
The closure of the British Leyland plant in 1986 brought decline to the area, along with the destruction of many homes built during the 1960s.
The railway station at Bathgate reopened in 1986 and the 30-minute journey to Edinburgh attracts commuters to live in Blackburn.
In British political culture
Blackburn, West Lothian Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.