Caistor facts for kids
Caistor Market Place
|Caistor shown within Lincolnshire|
|OS grid reference|
|• London||135 mi (217 km) S|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||MARKET RASEN|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
Caistor is a town and civil parish situated in the West Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. As its name implies, it was originally a Roman castrum or fortress. It lies at the north-west edge of the Lincolnshire Wolds, on the Viking Way, and just off the A46 between Lincoln and Grimsby, at the A46, A1084, A1173 and B1225 junction. It has a population of 2,601. Its name comes from the Anglo-Saxon ceaster ("Roman camp" or "town") and was given in the Domesday Book as Castre.
Only a few fragments of the 4th-century walls remain; for example, the original Roman wall is visible on the southern boundary of the parish church of St Peter and St Paul. The area occupied by the fortress is now classified as a Scheduled Ancient Monument. The church of St Peter and St Paul, which is enclosed within the fortress, has an Anglo-Saxon tower. The market square lies at the heart of a conservation area which contains 56, mainly Grade II, listed buildings. In numerical terms, the number of listed buildings makes Caistor the most important conservation area in the West Lindsey area; many of the buildings are Georgian or Victorian. Notable buildings in the town include Caistor Grammar School, founded in 1633, and Sessions House, built in 1662.
In 2010 the remains of a 4th-century Roman cemetery were found during the development of a new Co-op supermarket.
Humberside Airport is located a short distance to the north of the town.
Audleby is a hamlet just north of Fonaby. It is recorded in the Domesday Book with 33 households, which at the time was considered quite large. Today it is listed as a deserted medieval village (DMV). Audleby House on Brigg Road is a Grade II listed building.
Fonaby is a hamlet and deserted medieval village just north of Caistor, mentioned in the Domesday Book as having 18 households and three acres of meadow, and held by William I.
According to a local tradition, one of Jesus's 12 apostles, Simon the Zealot, came to England, where he is supposed to have been martyred somewhere in the vicinity of Casitor. He was reputedly crucified on the orders of a Roman procurator called Catus Decianus on 10 May AD61. (However, there are competing theories as to what became of Simon the Zealot.)
Caistor Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.