kids encyclopedia robot

Canaan, Vermont facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Canaan, Vermont
Canaan VT.JPG
Location in Essex County and the state of Vermont.
Location in Essex County and the state of Vermont.
Location of Vermont in the United States
Location of Vermont in the United States
Country United States
State Vermont
County Essex
Communities Canaan
Beecher Falls
Wallace Pond
 • Total 33.4 sq mi (86.6 km2)
 • Land 33.0 sq mi (85.5 km2)
 • Water 0.4 sq mi (1.1 km2)
1,355 ft (413 m)
 • Total 896
 • Density 27/sq mi (10.5/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
05902, 05903
Area code(s) 802
FIPS code 50-11800
GNIS feature ID 1462064

Canaan is a town in Essex County, Vermont, United States. The population was 896 at the 2020 census. Canaan contains the village of Beecher Falls, located at the confluence of the Connecticut River and Halls Stream. It is part of the Berlin, NH–VT Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Due to Québécois ancestry, 26% of Canaan residents speak French as their primary language, making the town one of New England's "Little Canadas." This is a decrease from 1982, when nearly 44% spoke French as their native language.


Canaan is the northeasternmost town in Vermont, bordered by the Canadian province of Quebec to the north and the U.S. state of New Hampshire to the east. It is one of two towns in Vermont to share a border with both another state and Canada, the other such town being Alburgh in the northwestern corner. Canaan is also the only town in Vermont to share a land border with New Hampshire - the town's far northeastern corner touches the southwestern corner of the town of Pittsburg - as the Connecticut River defines the state line from Canaan southward.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 33.4 square miles (86.6 km2), of which 33.0 square miles (85.5 km2) is land and 0.42 square miles (1.1 km2), or 1.24%, is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 19
1800 45 136.8%
1810 332 637.8%
1820 227 −31.6%
1830 373 64.3%
1840 378 1.3%
1850 471 24.6%
1860 408 −13.4%
1870 419 2.7%
1880 637 52.0%
1890 829 30.1%
1900 934 12.7%
1910 869 −7.0%
1920 982 13.0%
1930 906 −7.7%
1940 872 −3.8%
1950 969 11.1%
1960 1,094 12.9%
1970 949 −13.3%
1980 1,196 26.0%
1990 1,121 −6.3%
2000 1,078 −3.8%
2010 972 −9.8%
2020 896 −7.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,078 people, 441 households, and 306 families living in the town. The population density was 32.5 people per square mile (12.5/km2). There were 650 housing units at an average density of 19.6 per square mile (7.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.83% White, 0.19% African American, 0.83% Native American, 0.09% Asian, and 3.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.28% of the population.

There were 441 households, out of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.1% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 26.9% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $32,574, and the median income for a family was $36,705. Males had a median income of $28,913 versus $21,544 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,131. About 10.2% of families and 14.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.7% of those under age 18 and 18.7% of those age 65 or over.

Declining population

Ethan Allen Factory Closing

During the 1900s until the present, the town of Canaan has undergone a number of changes. Family farms have disappeared, logging jobs have decreased and tourism is now one of the major engines that drives the local economy.

The Beecher Falls furniture factory, a division of Ethan Allen, closed its manufacturing unit in August 2009, leaving over 250 people out of work. Started in 1895, the factory at one time was the largest furniture manufacturer east of Michigan.

In recent years, competition from overseas has had an adverse impact on operations and only a few people are now employed in the rough mill. Although most of the factory is now closed, people in the community have a positive attitude and are confident the overall economic climate will improve in the future.


Since the start of the 20th century, Canaan has lost many logging jobs and most family farms. Tourism is now an important part of the local economy.

The Beecher Falls furniture factory, a division of Ethan Allen, closed its manufacturing unit in August 2009, laying off 238 workers and leaving only the rough mill open. The plant opened in 1895 and was once the largest furniture factory east of Michigan.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Canaan (Vermont) para niños

kids search engine
Canaan, Vermont Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.