Quick facts for kids(Scottish) Gaelic
|Native to||United Kingdom, Canada, United States, Australia, New Zealand|
|Region||Scotland, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia and Glengarry County, Canada|
|Native speakers||58,552 in Scotland. 92,400 people aged three and over in Scotland had some Gaelic language ability in 2001 with estimates of additional 500–2000 in Nova Scotia, 1,610 speakers in the United States in 2000, 822 in Australia in 2001 and 669 in New Zealand in 2006. (date missing)|
|Writing system||Gaelic alphabet (Roman alphabet)|
|Official language in||Scotland|
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig, pronounced "Gah-lick") is a Celtic language. It is commonly called just Gaelic in English. It is a sister language of Irish Gaelic and Manx Gaelic; all three are Goidelic languages. These are related to the Welsh language, Cornish language and the Breton language (these three are Brittonic or Brythonic languages).
In past times, the language was spoken across all of Scotland except for the Northern Islands (Orkney and Shetland). In the later part of the Middle Ages, the kings of Scotland began to speak English and looked down on the Scottish language. After the union of England and Scotland, the language was snubbed and looked down on even more, and English took over.
Scottish Gaelic today
Scottish Gaelic today is basically that of the Gaelic spoken in the Outer Hebrides and on Skye. Generally speaking, the Gaelic spoken across the Western Isles is similar enough to be classed as one major dialect group, but there is some regional variation.
A census in the United Kingdom in 2001 showed that a total of 58,652 (1.2% of the Scottish population aged over three years old) in Scotland could speak some amount of Gaelic at that time. Only the Western Isles of Scotland have more people who can speak the language than not (61% of the people here speak Gaelic). The place in Scotland with the biggest percentage of Scottish Gaelic speakers is a village called Barvas on the Isle of Lewis. There, 74.7% of the people there speak the language.
Children in Scotland do not have to learn the language in schools, though it is becoming a more popular subject as Gaelic is an important part of their Scottish culture.
Images for kids
Bilingual signs in English and Gaelic are now part of the architecture in the Scottish Parliament building completed in 2004.
Scottish Gaelic language Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.