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Charles Anderson
27th Governor of Ohio
In office
August 29, 1865 – January 8, 1866
Preceded by John Brough
Succeeded by Jacob Dolson Cox
7th Lieutenant Governor of Ohio
In office
January 11, 1864 – August 29, 1865
Governor John Brough
Preceded by Benjamin Stanton
Succeeded by Andrew McBurney
Member of the Ohio Senate
from the Montgomery & Warren Counties district
In office
December 2, 1844 – December 6, 1846
Preceded by Joseph Barnett
Succeeded by John Hopkins
Personal details
Born (1814-06-01)June 1, 1814
Louisville, Kentucky
Died September 2, 1895(1895-09-02) (aged 81)
Kuttawa, Kentucky
Political party Republican
Children Sam Anderson
Alma mater Miami University
Military service
Allegiance United States United States
Branch/service United States Union Army
Years of service August 9, 1862 -
February 21, 1863
Rank Union Army colonel rank insignia.png Colonel
Unit Ohio 93rd Ohio Infantry

Charles Anderson (June 1, 1814 – September 2, 1895) was first a Whig and later a Republican politician from Ohio. He served briefly as the 27th Governor of Ohio.


Anderson was born in Louisville, Kentucky, to a prominent family; his father, Richard Clough Anderson Sr., was an aide to the Marquis de Lafayette during the American Revolution. Anderson graduated from Miami University in 1833, studied law and was admitted to the Ohio bar. He moved to Dayton, Ohio, where he began a law practice and was later elected county prosecutor.


In 1844, Anderson was elected to the Ohio Senate and made a name for himself as an advocate for black rights. He then moved to Texas for health reasons. He gave an impassioned speech in San Antonio in December 1860, strongly opposing secession and calling for the "perpetuity of the national Union." Angry local pro-Confederates threatened Anderson and arrested him without charge, but Anderson escaped and returned with his family to Dayton.

President Abraham Lincoln sent Anderson on a pro-Union speaking tour of Europe, after which Anderson accepted command of the 93rd Ohio Infantry and was commissioned in the Union Army as a colonel. Badly wounded at the Battle of Stones River, Anderson resigned his commission and returned to Ohio to recuperate.

Anderson was elected the seventh Lieutenant Governor of Ohio in late 1863 and took office the following year. On August 29, 1865, he became governor upon the death of Governor John Brough.

Anderson served less than five months, until January 8, 1866. Ohio historian Dwight L. Smith wrote that his brief term in office was "uneventful... [and] the services he performed were merely routine."


After leaving the governorship, Anderson resumed his legal practice and moved back to Kentucky, where he died at the age of 81.

Anderson is interred at Kuttawa Cemetery in Kuttawa, Kentucky.

Family life

Anderson's brother, Major Robert Anderson, was also a United States Army officer, notable for his defense of Fort Sumter at the outset of the American Civil War. Another brother, William Marshall Anderson, was a noted explorer, politician, and briefly a member of the New Virginia Colony of ex-Confederates in Mexico during the reign of Emperor Maximilian. (Note: Rev. William C. Anderson, who served as President of Miami University from 1849 to 1854, is sometimes erroneously cited as an Anderson brother.)

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