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Charles Hard Townes
Charles Hard Townes-Nibib-2007-retouched.jpg
Townes in 2007
Born (1915-07-28)July 28, 1915
Died January 27, 2015(2015-01-27) (aged 99)
Nationality American
Alma mater Furman University (B.S. & B.A.)
Duke University (M.A.)
Caltech (Ph.D.)
Known for Inventing the Maser
Awards Comstock Prize in Physics (1958)
Young Medal and Prize (1963)
Nobel Prize in Physics (1964)
IEEE Medal of Honor (1967)
National Medal of Science (1982)
Lomonosov Gold Medal (2000)
Vannevar Bush Award (2006)
SPIE Gold Medal (2010)
Scientific career
Fields Physics
Institutions Berkeley
Bell Labs
Institute for Defense Analyses
University Of Michigan
Doctoral advisor William Smythe
Doctoral students Ali Javan
James P. Gordon
Robert Boyd
Raymond Y. Chiao

Charles Hard Townes (July 28, 1915 – January 27, 2015) was an American Nobel Prize-winning physicist and educator.

Townes is known for his work on the theory and application of the maser, on which he got the fundamental patent, and other work in quantum electronics connected with both maser and laser devices.

He shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1964 with Nikolay Basov and Alexander Prokhorov. In 1982, Townes received the National Medal of Science, presented by President Ronald Reagan.

Townes was born in Greenville, South Carolina. Townes died at the age of 99 in Oakland, California, on January 27, 2015.

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