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Charlotte River (Michigan) facts for kids

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Charlotte River
A landscape photograph showing the Charlotte River in Bruce Township, Chippewa County, Michigan
The Charlotte River in Bruce Township
A map of the Charlotte River and its watershed.
A map of the Charlotte River and its watershed.
Country United States
State Michigan
County Chippewa
Townships Dafter, Bruce
Physical characteristics
Main source Dafter Township
680 ft (210 m)
River mouth West Neebish Channel, St. Marys River, Dafter Township
581 ft (177 m)
Length 17.1 miles (27.5 km)
Basin features
Progression St. MarysLake HuronSt. ClairLake St. ClairDetroitLake ErieNiagaraLake OntarioSt. LawrenceAtlantic Ocean
Basin size 58.4 sq mi (151 km2)
Population 3,451 (2010 estimate)
Tributaries
  • Right:
    Spring Creek
Hydrologic Unit Codes 040700010203, 040700010204 (USGS)

The Charlotte River is a tributary of the St. Marys River in the state of Michigan in the United States. The stream is 17.1 miles (27.5 km) long and drains an area of 58.4 square miles (151 km2) on the eastern Upper Peninsula. Via the St. Marys River, it is part of the watershed of Lake Huron. Via Lake Huron and the Great Lakes system, it is part of the larger watershed of the St. Lawrence River.

Course

The river's entire length and watershed are in eastern Chippewa County. As defined by the United States Geological Survey's National Hydrography Dataset, the river begins in southeastern Dafter Township, approximately 3.4 miles (5.5 km) south-southeast of the unincorporated community of Dafter. It flows for most of its length in Bruce Township, initially northeastward before turning southeastward at the unincorporated locality of Rosedale. It flows into the West Neebish Channel of the St. Marys River, opposite the northern end of Neebish Island and approximately 13.5 miles (21.7 km) southeast of Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan.

Some maps show the river's course upstream of Rosedale as the South Branch Charlotte River, with the name "Charlotte River" upstream of this point assigned to a southeastward flowing tributary. In the National Hydrography Dataset, this tributary appears only as an unnamed stream. "South Branch Charlotte River" is also listed in the Geographic Names Information System as a variant name.

The National Hydrography Dataset lists one named tributary in the Charlotte River watershed, Spring Creek, a right tributary approximately 3.6 miles (5.8 km) long.

Near its mouth the river flows through Michigan State University's Dunbar Forest Experiment Station, an off-campus forest management research area.

Watershed characteristics

The Charlotte River watershed consists of two HUC-12 subwatersheds, as defined by the United States Geological Survey:

Name HUC-12 code Area
Headwaters Charlotte River 040700010203 27.6 square miles (71 km2)
Charlotte River 040700010204 30.8 square miles (80 km2)

In addition to Dafter and Bruce townships, the Charlotte River also drains a small portion of Soo Township. The watershed is located in a predominantly rural region, much of which has been drained for agriculture, logging, and development. Soils in the region are primarily poorly drained clays over limestone and dolomite bedrock. On average, the region receives approximately 32 inches (81 cm) of precipitation annually, and there is usually heavy snow cover in the winter. Runoff from artesian wells contributes to the turbidity that is typical of the region's streams.

According to a 2012 report prepared for the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, the watershed had an estimated population of 3,451 as of the 2010 U.S. Census. There were an estimated 1,562 households, all of which were serviced by onsite sanitary disposal systems. Land use in the Charlotte River watershed was reported as follows:

Land use Percentage Area
Forests 27% 10,069 acres (4,075 ha)
Wetlands 25% 9,152 acres (3,704 ha)
Cropland 24% 8,871 acres (3,590 ha)
Pasture 18% 6,612 acres (2,676 ha)
Low-intensity development and open space 3% 1,215 acres (492 ha)
Grassland 3% 1,067 acres (432 ha)
Bare land 0.4% 158 acres (64 ha)
High- and medium-intensity development 0.4% 154 acres (62 ha)
Open water 0.08% 30 acres (12 ha)
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