Cleburne, Texas facts for kids

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Cleburne, Texas
City
Johnson County courthouse
Johnson County courthouse
Nickname(s): "This is Texas"
Motto: Branded 1867; Re-established Daily
Location of Cleburne, Texas
Location of Cleburne, Texas
Johnson County Cleburne.svg
Country United StatesUnited States
State TexasTexas
County Johnson
Established March 23, 1867
Area
 • Total 30.5 sq mi (78.9 km2)
 • Land 27.8 sq mi (72.0 km2)
 • Water 2.7 sq mi (6.9 km2)
Elevation 764 ft (233 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 29,377
 • Density 935.9/sq mi (361.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 76031, 76033
Area code(s) 817
FIPS code 48-15364
GNIS feature ID 1332964
Website City of Cleburne

Cleburne is a city and county seat of Johnson County, Texas, United States. According to the 2010 U.S. Census, the population is 29,377. The city is named in honor of Patrick Cleburne, a Confederate General. Lake Pat Cleburne, the reservoir that provides water to the city and surrounding area, is also named after him.

History

Main Street, Cleburne, TX, 1910s cph.3b18657
Main Street in Cleburne in the 1910s

Cleburne is Johnson County's third county seat. It was formerly known as Camp Henderson, a temporary Civil War outpost from which Johnson County soldiers would depart for war (most of them would serve under General Cleburne). The city was formally incorporated in 1871.

In August 1886 the Texas Farmers' Alliance met at Lee's Academy and adopted a seventeen-point political resolution, commonly known as the Cleburne Demands, which was the first major document of the agrarian revolt occurring at the end of the late nineteenth century.

In 1900 Cleburne was the site of the founding convention of the Texas State Federation of Labor.

Cleburne was primarily an agricultural center and county seat until the Santa Fe Railroad opened a major facility there in 1898. During this time the population boomed, as it became a sizable city for the area with over 12,000 residents by 1920.

In 1985, the city was the petitioner in the U.S. Supreme Court case City of Cleburne v. Cleburne Living Center, Inc. after being sued over a special-use permit.

Cleburne is on the fringe of the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex. Growth in the area can be primarily attributed to suburbanization. It is the second most populous city in Johnson County (slightly less populous than Burleson).

Tornado

On May 15, 2013, Cleburne was hit by a powerful tornado that cut a mile-wide path through part of the city and damaged about 600 homes and two schools. The weather service said it was an EF-3, which has winds between 136 and 165 mph. No deaths or severe injuries were reported.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 30.5 square miles (79 km2), of which 27.8 square miles (72 km2) is land and 2.7 square miles (7.0 km2) (8.77%) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 686
1880 1,855 170.4%
1890 3,278 76.7%
1900 7,493 128.6%
1910 10,364 38.3%
1920 12,820 23.7%
1930 11,539 −10.0%
1940 10,558 −8.5%
1950 12,905 22.2%
1960 15,381 19.2%
1970 16,015 4.1%
1980 19,218 20.0%
1990 22,205 15.5%
2000 26,005 17.1%
2010 29,337 12.8%
Est. 2015 30,020 2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 26,005 people, 9,335 households, and 6,767 families residing in the city. The population density was 935.9 people per square mile (361.3/km²). There were 9,910 housing units at an average density of 356.7 per square mile (137.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.32% White, 4.44% African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 6.42% from other races, and 1.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 24.90% of the population.

There were 9,335 households out of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.2% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.5% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the city, the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,481, and the median income for a family was $41,975. Males had a median income of $32,131 versus $21,778 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,762.

Attractions

The City of Cleburne Parks and Recreation Department maintains Splash Station, a small water park for people of all ages.

Near Cleburne is Cleburne State Park, located 10 miles (16 km) from the city limits. It has fishing, camping, swimming, and hiking trails. For younger children there is the 96-acre (390,000 m2) Cleburne Sports Complex, containing seven baseball/softball fields, two football fields, and 20 soccer fields.

Plaza Theatre Company is a 158-seat theatre-in-the-round which operates year-round in Cleburne's historic downtown. The Company provides family friendly musicals and comedies and has been the recipient of numerous awards for theatrical excellence since opening in November 2006.

The Johnson County Chisholm Trail Museum is an outdoor museum located at the site of Wardville, the original county seat of Johnson County, established in 1854. The original courthouse is there and is the oldest log courthouse in Texas. There is a 1-room schoolhouse, a jail with the original iron doors from the Wardville jail, a black smith shop, an original mule barn, and a restored stagecoach from two early John Wayne movies. There is also the Big Bear Native American Museum. It was recently named as one of Texas' top 10 open-air museums.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Cleburne has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.


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