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Clinton, Mississippi
Mount Salus (original name)
You Belong Here
Location in Hinds County, Mississippi
Location in Hinds County, Mississippi
Location of Mississippi in the United States
Location of Mississippi in the United States
Country United States
State Mississippi
County Hinds
Founded 1823
Incorporation 1824
 • Type Strong Mayor-Council
 • Total 42.15 sq mi (109.16 km2)
 • Land 41.87 sq mi (108.45 km2)
 • Water 0.28 sq mi (0.71 km2)
358 ft (109 m)
 • Total 25,216
 • Estimate 
 • Density 583.68/sq mi (225.36/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
39056, 39058,
39060 (P.O. boxes)
Area codes 601 and 769
FIPS code 28-14420
GNIS feature ID 668609

Clinton is a city in Hinds County, Mississippi, United States. Situated in the Jackson metropolitan area, it is the tenth largest city in Mississippi. The population was 25,216 at the 2010 United States Census.


Camp Clinton entrance in 1943. The sign reads "Prisoner of War Camp Clinton, Miss."
The Cedars (Clinton, Mississippi) front

Founded in 1823, Clinton was originally known as Mount Salus, which means "Mountain of health". It was named for the plantation home of Walter Leake, third governor of Mississippi, which was located in Clinton and built in 1812. In 1828, the city changed its name to Clinton in honor of DeWitt Clinton, the former governor of New York who led completion of the Erie Canal.

The first road through Mount Salus/Clinton was the Natchez Trace, improved from a centuries-old Native American path. Currently Clinton has three major highways that pass through the city:U.S. Route 80, Interstate 20 and the Natchez Trace Parkway.

Mississippi College, a Christian university located in Clinton, is the oldest college in the state of Mississippi, founded January 24, 1826 as Hampstead Academy, the second male college in the state after Jefferson College. Mississippi College is the second oldest Baptist university in the world, and was the first coeducational college in the United States to grant a degree to a woman. Clinton is home to sports teams known as the "Clinton Arrows" and "Mississippi College Choctaws". Hillman College, originally for women, was founded in 1853 as Central Female Institute, supported by the Central Baptist Association. It changed its name in 1891. Mount Hermon Female Seminary, a historically black college, was established in 1875 by Sarah Ann Dickey. It closed in 1924 as students moved to co-educational institutions.

The Clinton-Vicksburg Railroad was the second-oldest in the state, incorporated in 1831. It contributed to the export of 20,000 bales of cotton annually from this city, the most of any city between Vicksburg and Meridian. Cotton from three surrounding counties was shipped through Clinton and by rail to Grand Gulf on the Mississippi.

During the Civil War, Confederate forces, as well as Union troops— the latter commanded by generals Ulysses S. Grant and Sherman—briefly occupied Clinton on their way to the Battle of Vicksburg in May 1863. Grant had mistakenly believed that John C. Pemberton, a Confederate general, would attack him at Clinton. Grant finally took Vicksburg in this campaign.

In September 1875 during the election campaign, a Republican political rally was held in downtown Clinton, where 3000 people were gathered and expecting Governor Adelbert Ames and other prominent speakers. It was disrupted by white insurgents. Their attack resulted in what was called the "Clinton Riot," and the deaths of several white men and an estimated 50 blacks later that night and over the next few days, when armed whites arrived by train and widely attacked blacks. Among the black victims were schoolteachers, church leaders and local Republican organizers. Whites had been attacking black and white Republicans in every election cycle, and that year the paramilitary Red Shirts arose in the state to suppress black voting. The U.S. government sent more troops in answer to the governor's appeal for protection: election-related violence continued through the fall and enabled white Democrats to gain control of the state legislature, a political shift that heralded the end of the Reconstruction era.

During World War II, Camp Clinton was established, a German POW camp south of town which housed about 3,000 German soldiers. Most of the prisoners were from the Afrika Korps. Of the 40 German generals captured in the war, Camp Clinton housed 35 of them. The German soldiers provided the labor to build a replica model of the Mississippi River Basin for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, used for flood prevention.

Clinton, the smallest city to ever host a Fortune 500 company, was the headquarters for WorldCom from the mid-1990s until 2002. It went bankrupt due to what was at the time the largest accounting scandal in U.S. history. The financial dealings resulted in fraud-related convictions of Bernard Ebbers, CEO and Scott Sullivan, CFO. The company changed its name to MCI and moved its corporate headquarters location to Ashburn, Virginia. Verizon, MCI's successor, owns SkyTel (no relation to Bell Mobility's Skytel brand). It still occupies the massive former WorldCom compound in Clinton.

On April 15, 2011, an EF3 tornado struck the city at about 11:00 a.m. CDT. It produced damage near Interstate 20, which included total destruction to the BankPlus building. Malaco Records was destroyed as well. Ten people were injured by the tornado.


According to the 2010 United States Census, the city has a total area of 42.147 square miles (109.16 km2), of which 41.822 square miles (108.32 km2) is land and 0.325 square miles (0.84 km2) is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 569
1900 354
1910 767 116.7%
1920 669 −12.8%
1930 912 36.3%
1940 916 0.4%
1950 2,255 146.2%
1960 3,438 52.5%
1970 7,289 112.0%
1980 14,660 101.1%
1990 21,847 49.0%
2000 23,347 6.9%
2010 25,216 8.0%
2019 (est.) 24,440 −3.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

2020 census

Clinton Racial Composition
Race Num. Perc.
White 14,410 51.28%
Black or African American 10,693 38.05%
Native American 49 0.17%
Asian 1,291 4.59%
Pacific Islander 7 0.02%
Other/Mixed 865 3.08%
Hispanic or Latino 785 2.79%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 28,100 people, 9,047 households, and 6,187 families residing in the city.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 25,216 people and 9,328 households in the city. The population density was 598.3 per square mile (231.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 59.4% White, 33.8% African American, 0.2% Native American, 4.1% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.1% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.

The average household size was 2.54. The median income for a household was $56,539, and the per capita income was $26,398. About 9.1% of the population was below the poverty line.


At one point WorldCom (now Verizon) was headquartered in Clinton. In 2003 the company announced that it would move its headquarters to Virginia.

Automotive component manufacturer Delphi Corporation operated a plant in Clinton from the early 1970s until its closure in 2009, making cable and wiring connectors. When Delphi closed the plant in late 2009, with the loss of 280 jobs, production moved to Delphi's Warren, Ohio facility.


The Mississippi Brilla is a soccer team competing in USL League Two (PDL), the fourth highest league of the American Soccer Pyramid, and play in the Mid-South Division of the Southern Conference. They play their home games at Traceway Park in the city of Clinton.


Universities and colleges

  • Mississippi College founded 1826, incorporating Hillman College 1853–1942
  • The local community college is Hinds Community College.

Primary and secondary schools

The City of Clinton's public schools are served by the Clinton Public School District.

  • Clinton High School (Grades 10 through 12)
  • Sumner Hill Junior High School (Grade 9)
  • Clinton Junior High School (Grades 7 and 8)
  • Lovett Elementary School (Grade 6
  • Northside/Eastside Elementary School (Grade 2–5)
  • Clinton Park Elementary School (Grades K and 1)

Private schools:

  • Clinton Christian Academy (Grades K-4 through 12)
  • Mt. Salus Christian School (Grades K-4 through 12)

Public library

Jackson/Hinds Library System operates the Quisenberry Library in Clinton. In 2018 the Clinton city government, citing problems with the sanitary condition, closed the library. It stated that it would reopen if the library system revised the terms of the library lease.

Notable people

  • Cam Akers – Professional football player (Los Angeles Rams)
  • Mandy Ashford – singer, model, and member of Innosense.
  • Lance Bass – pop singer, actor and producer; member of the pop group 'N Sync
  • William Joel Blass, jurist, legislator, and lawyer
  • Charles Hillman Brough, governor of Arkansas from 1917 to 1921, was born in Clinton and taught at Mississippi College there
  • Keith Carlock, jazz drummer and Mississippi Musicians Hall of Fame inductee, was born in Clinton in 1971.
  • Cynthia F. Cooper – auditor, whistleblower
  • Ted DiBiase, Sr. – professional wrestler, minister
  • Ted DiBiase, Jr.- professional wrestler
  • Dominic Douglas- professional football player
  • Bernard Ebbers – a Canadian businessman and the co-founder and CEO of WorldCom.
  • Jenna Edwards – model, former Miss Teen All-American, former Miss Florida
  • Meredith Edwards – country music singer
  • Shelly Fairchild – country music singer
  • Taryn Foshee – 2006 Miss Mississippi
  • Edgar Godbold – Mississippi College biology professor from 1906 to 1912; later president of two Baptist colleges
  • James E. Graves, Jr. – former Supreme Court of Mississippi judge; current United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit judge
  • Barry Hannah – writer, professor
  • Jaret Holmes – former Chicago Bears, New York Giants and Jacksonville Jaguars placekicker
  • Niesa Johnson – High School All-American, University of Alabama two time All-American, Professional Basketball Player
  • Daniel Curtis Lee – actor
  • Rory Lee – former vice president and interim president of Mississippi College
  • Robert S. McElvaine – writer, professor
  • Crystal Renn, plus-size model
  • Scott Savage – former drummer of Grammy and Dove award-winning band Jars of Clay
  • Leon Seals – former Buffalo Bills and Philadelphia Eagles defensive tackle
  • Ruby Jane Smith, bluegrass fiddler
  • Jerod Ward – Former highly touted basketball recruit and former professional basketball player

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