Cohasset, Massachusetts facts for kids

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Cohasset, Massachusetts
Town
Cohasset Town Common
Cohasset Town Common
Official seal of Cohasset, Massachusetts
Seal
Location in Norfolk County in Massachusetts
Location in Norfolk County in Massachusetts
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Norfolk
Settled 1647
Incorporated 1775
Area
 • Total 31.5 sq mi (81.5 km2)
 • Land 9.9 sq mi (25.6 km2)
 • Water 21.6 sq mi (55.9 km2)
Elevation 50 ft (15 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 7,542
 • Density 762/sq mi (294/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 02025
Area code(s) 339 / 781
FIPS code 25-14640
GNIS feature ID 0618317
Website www.townofcohasset.org

Cohasset is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 7,542 according to the 2010 census.

History

Discovery of cohasset
amarker

Cohasset was first seen by Europeans in 1614, when Captain John Smith explored the coast of New England. The area was first settled in 1670 and became a town separate from Hingham in 1770. Previously, what is today the town of Cohasset was known as Hingham's Second Parish. The town's name came from the Algonquian word "Conahasset", meaning "long rocky place". Much of the land was originally granted to the "Conahasset Partners".

Cushing-Nichols House Cohasset Massachusetts
Cushing-Nichols House, Cohasset

At a special town meeting of January 1670, the shares in the new town were apportioned and divided among the new proprietors, many of whom were large Hingham landowners. The largest number of shares—35—went to Hingham Town Clerk Daniel Cushing, with the second largest (25) to Reverend Peter Hobart, Hingham's minister. Others receiving large grants were: Capt. Joshua Hobart, Peter Hobart's brother (18 shares); Lieut. John Smith (15 shares); Ensign John Thaxter (16½ shares); and deacon John Leavitt (with 14½ shares). The layout of the town was distinctive. Many lots were laid out in long narrow strips, facilitating more lots having road frontage, and avoiding back lots.

Cohasset was originally part of Suffolk County, and when the southern part of the county was set off as Norfolk County in 1793, it included the towns of Cohasset, Hingham and Hull. In 1803 Hull and Hingham opted out of Norfolk County and became part of Plymouth County, leaving Cohasset as an exclave of Norfolk County.

Geography

Surf, Cohasset Maurice Prendergast
Surf, Cohasset, Maurice Prendergast, ca. 1900

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 31.5 square miles (82 km2), of which, 9.9 square miles (26 km2) of it is land and 21.6 square miles (56 km2) of it (68.56%) is water. It is bordered on the west by Hingham, on the northwest by Hull, on the north and northeast by Massachusetts Bay and on the east and south by Scituate. Cohasset is approximately twelve miles east of Braintree and twenty miles southeast of Boston.

Cohasset is located on the "corner" of the South Shore, where greater Boston Harbor ends and Massachusetts Bay begins. The shore is rocky, with many small ledges and rocks lying offshore. Cohasset Cove and The Gulf provide a long portion of the border with Scituate, while Straits Pond divides Cohasset from neighboring Hull. Near the center of the coast lies Little Harbor, a large inlet divided from the ocean by Beach Island. Several other brooks and rivers run through the town. A large portion of the southwestern part of town is occupied by the Wompatuck State Park (formerly the Hingham Naval Ammunition Depot Annex), and the Whitney & Thayer Woods Reservation. There is also a bird sanctuary, as well as a large park (Wheelwright Park) near Little Harbor. There are three beaches along the bay, and the Cohasset Yacht Club, Cohasset Sailing Club and a public boat launch in Cohasset Harbor.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Cohasset has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Demographics

See also: List of Massachusetts locations by per capita income
Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1850 1,775 —    
1860 1,953 +10.0%
1870 2,130 +9.1%
1880 2,182 +2.4%
1890 2,448 +12.2%
1900 2,759 +12.7%
1910 2,585 −6.3%
1920 2,639 +2.1%
1930 3,083 +16.8%
1940 3,111 +0.9%
1950 3,731 +19.9%
1960 5,840 +56.5%
1970 6,954 +19.1%
1980 7,174 +3.2%
1990 7,075 −1.4%
2000 7,261 +2.6%
2010 7,542 +3.9%
* = population estimate.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.
First Parish, Cohasset MA
First Parish Meeting House, a Unitarian Universalist congregation originally built ca. 1750.

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,261 people, 2,673 households, and 2,012 families residing in the town. The population density was 734.4 people per square mile (283.5/km²). There were 2,805 housing units at an average density of 283.7 per square mile (109.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.20% White, 0.18% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.76% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.69% of the population.

There were 2,673 households out of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.8% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.7% were non-families. 21.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the town, the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 3.5% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 26.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $84,156, and the median income for a family was $100,137. Males had a median income of $79,045 versus $41,397 for females. The per capita income for the town was $42,909. About 1.2% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.3% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

No divided highways run through Cohasset. The longest state route through the town is Route 3A, which curves through the town between Scituate and Hingham. Route 228 runs along the border with Hingham, crossing the Weir River into Hull. The nearest airport to Cohasset is Marshfield Municipal Airport. The nearest national and international air service can be reached at Logan International Airport in Boston. T. F. Green Airport, located outside Providence, Rhode Island, is an alternative to this airport, although it is located further away.

The MBTA Bus system services the bordering town of Hingham. The MBTA's commuter rail Greenbush Line has a Cohasset station off Route 3A, just east of a cemetery.

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