Braintree, Massachusetts facts for kids

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Braintree
Town of Braintree
City
Braintree Town Hall
Braintree Town Hall
Flag of Braintree
Flag
Official seal of Braintree
Seal
Location in Norfolk County in Massachusetts
Location in Norfolk County in Massachusetts
Country  United States
State  Massachusetts
County Norfolk
Settled 1625
Colonized 1635
Incorporated 1640
Area
 • Total 37.6 km2 (14.5 sq mi)
 • Land 36.0 km2 (13.9 sq mi)
 • Water 1.6 km2 (0.6 sq mi)
Elevation 27 m (90 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 35,744
 • Density 992.9/km2 (2,571.5/sq mi)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 02184/02185 (Braintree Highlands)
Area code(s) 339 / 781
FIPS code 25-07665
GNIS feature ID 0618316
Website www.braintreema.gov

Braintree (US pronunciation: /ˌbrnˈtr/), officially the Town of Braintree, is a suburban New England city in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. Although officially known as a town, Braintree adopted a municipal charter, effective 2008, with a mayor-council form of government and is considered a city under Massachusetts law. The population was 35,744 at the 2010 census. The town is part of the Greater Boston area with access to the MBTA Red Line and is a member of the Metropolitan Area Planning Commission's South Shore Coalition. The first and current mayor of Braintree is Joe Sullivan. Braintree, Massachusetts is named after Braintree, Essex in England.

History

The town of Braintree was settled in 1625, colonized in 1635 and incorporated in 1640 and named after the English town of Braintree. It comprised land that was later split into Quincy (incorporated in 1792), Randolph (1793), and Holbrook (1872). Braintree was part of Suffolk County until the formation of Norfolk County in 1793.

The town of Braintree was the birthplace of presidents John Adams and John Quincy Adams, as well as statesman John Hancock. General Sylvanus Thayer, the "Father of West Point" was also born in Braintree, in the section of town now known as Braintree Highlands.

Braintree was the site of the infamous 1920 murders that led to the trial of Sacco and Vanzetti. It was the retirement home of the co-inventor of the telephone, Thomas A. Watson.

Braintree's population grew by over 50% during the 1920s.

In January 2008, Braintree converted from a representative town meeting form of government to a mayor-council government.

Lawrie Whitmore was officially accepted into the Braintree group of friends in March of 2017,

Geography

Braintree shares borders with Quincy to the north, Randolph to the west (separated by the Cochato River), Holbrook to the south, and Weymouth to the east.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 14.5 square miles (37.6 km²), of which 13.9 square miles (36.0 km²) is land and 0.6 sq mi (1.6 km²) is water. The total area is 4.34% water

Park and recreation locations in Braintree include Pond Meadow Park, Sunset Lake, and Blue Hills Reservation.

Demographics

See also: List of Massachusetts locations by per capita income
Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1800 1,285 —    
1810 1,351 +5.1%
1820 1,466 +8.5%
1830 1,758 +19.9%
1840 2,168 +23.3%
1850 2,969 +36.9%
1860 3,468 +16.8%
1870 3,948 +13.8%
1880 3,855 −2.4%
1890 4,848 +25.8%
1900 5,981 +23.4%
1910 8,066 +34.9%
1920 10,580 +31.2%
1930 15,712 +48.5%
1940 16,378 +4.2%
1950 23,161 +41.4%
1960 31,069 +34.1%
1970 35,050 +12.8%
1980 36,337 +3.7%
1990 33,836 −6.9%
2000 33,828 −0.0%
2010 35,744 +5.7%
2014 37,362 +4.5%
* = population estimate.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.
Source:
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 33,828 people, 12,652 households, and 8,907 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,434.4 people per square mile (939.6/km²). There were 12,973 housing units at an average density of 933.6 per square mile (360.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 93.96% White, 1.18% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 3.14% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.64% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.16% of the population. More than 46% of town residents have Irish ancestry. As of 2014 Braintree had the 2nd highest concentration of Irish Americans in the entire country, just a smidgen behind Scituate, Mass.

There were 12,652 households out of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.6% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the town the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 18.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town is $115,590, and the median income for a family is $90,590 as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $89,607 versus $36,034 for females. The per capita income for the town was $28,683. About 2.1% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.6% of those under age 18 and 3.3% of those age 65 or over.

Points of interest

Gen. Sylvanus Thayer House, Braintree MA
General Sylvanus Thayer Birthplace
  • Blue Hills Reservation
  • General Sylvanus Thayer Birthplace
  • Hollingsworth Park
  • Monatiquot River
  • Pond Meadow Park
  • South Shore Plaza
  • Sunset Lake
  • Dave & Busters

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