Weymouth, Massachusetts facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Town of Weymouth
City
Town Hall, built in 1928 as a replica of the Old State House, Boston
Town Hall, built in 1928 as a replica of the Old State House, Boston
Flag of Town of Weymouth
Flag
Official seal of Town of Weymouth
Seal
Motto: Latin: Laborare Est Vincere
("To Work Is To Conquer")
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Norfolk
Settled 1622-23, 1623
Incorporated 1635
Area
 • Total 21.6 sq mi (56.0 km2)
 • Land 17.0 sq mi (44.1 km2)
 • Water 4.6 sq mi (11.9 km2)
Elevation 200 ft (27 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 55,643
 • Density 3,161.3/sq mi (1,218.6/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 02188 - 02189 - 02190 - 02191
Area code(s) 339 / 781
FIPS code 25-78865
GNIS feature ID 0619462
Website www.weymouth.ma.us

Weymouth is a city in metropolitan Greater Boston. As of the 2010 census, Weymouth had a total population of 53,743. Weymouth is one of fourteen Massachusetts municipalities that have applied for, and been granted, city forms of government but wish to retain "The town of" in their official names. It is named after Weymouth, Dorset, a coastal town in England. It is the second-oldest European settlement in Massachusetts.

Demographics

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1840 3,738 —    
1850 5,369 +43.6%
1860 7,742 +44.2%
1870 9,910 +28.0%
1880 10,570 +6.7%
1890 10,866 +2.8%
1900 11,324 +4.2%
1910 12,895 +13.9%
1920 15,057 +16.8%
1930 20,882 +38.7%
1940 23,868 +14.3%
1950 32,690 +37.0%
1960 48,177 +47.4%
1970 54,610 +13.4%
1980 55,601 +1.8%
1990 54,063 −2.8%
2000 53,988 −0.1%
2010 53,743 −0.5%
2014 55,643 +3.5%
* = population estimate.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.
Source:
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 53,743 people, 22,435 households, and 13,595 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,174.2 people per square mile (1,225.4/km²). There were 22,573 housing units at an average density of 1,327.1 per square mile (512.4/km²). 75% housing units were owner-occupied and 25% of housing units were renter-occupied. The racial makeup of the city was 89.7% White, 3.1% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 3.2% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.1% of the population.

There were 22,028 households out of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.8% were non-families, 37% of which were non-family households with residents over 65 years of age. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city, the population was spread out with 22.0% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 32.7% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $41,665, and the median income for a family was $54,083. Males had a median income of $42,497 versus $35,963 for females. The per capita income for was $24,976. About 9.1% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over.

Weymouth has the 10th highest Irish population in the United States, at 33%.

Demographic breakdown by zip code

Income

See also: List of Massachusetts locations by per capita income

Data is from the 2009-2013 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates.

Rank ZIP Code (ZCTA) Per capita
income
Median
household
income
Median
family
income
Population Number of
households
Norfolk County $44,692 $84,916 $108,943 677,296 257,451
1 02190 (South Weymouth) $37,124 $77,329 $103,442 16,733 6,719
2 02188 (Weymouth Landing) $35,954 $68,366 $82,799 14,655 6,220
Massachusetts $35,763 $66,866 $84,900 6,605,058 2,530,147
Weymouth $34,832 $68,113 $88,987 54,366 22,526
3 02191 (North Weymouth) $34,652 $65,365 $90,588 8,369 3,558
4 02189 (East Weymouth) $31,185 $60,059 $80,079 14,609 6,029
United States $28,155 $53,046 $64,719 311,536,594 115,610,216

Geography

Weymouth is located at 42°12′23″N 70°56′45″W / 42.20639°N 70.94583°W / 42.20639; -70.94583 (42.206458, -70.945919).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 21.6 square miles (56.0 km²), of which, 17.0 square miles (44.1 km²) of it is land and 4.6 square miles (11.9 km²) of it (21.29%) is water.

Weymouth contains the Weymouth Back River and the Weymouth Fore River; its surroundings, formerly industrial, are now set aside as parks and natural areas including Webb Memorial State Park. There are also a lot of streets named after people and trees.

Weymouth residents often designate which of four distinct 'districts' they live in.

  • North Weymouth is considered anything north of the intersection of Church Street, North Street and Green Street. Some of the sites around North Weymouth are Great Esker Park, George Lane Beach, Webb State Park, the Wessagusset Yacht Club, Boston skyline views, and the Abigail Adams Historical Society. It also includes up and coming waterfront property that rivals similar in pricier towns.
  • South Weymouth is mostly south of Route 3.
  • East Weymouth is somewhat in the center of Weymouth, including Whitman's Pond, Jackson Square, and Town Hall. East Weymouth has several fine examples of Victorian homes, including Queen Anne, shingle, and colonial revival homes. Some particularly fine examples of these homes are being restored on Hillcrest Road.
  • Weymouth Landing spans a mile around Weston Park.

Weymouth is bordered on the north by Hingham Bay. Weymouth's territory includes Grape Island, Slate Island, and Sheep Island, all part of the Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area. Weymouth is bordered on the west by Quincy, Braintree, and Holbrook. It is bordered on the south by Abington and Rockland. Weymouth is bordered on the east by Hingham.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Weymouth has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Climate data for Weymouth, Massachusetts
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 36
(2.2)
37
(2.8)
46
(7.8)
57
(13.9)
68
(20)
77
(25)
82
(27.8)
81
(27.2)
73
(22.8)
63
(17.2)
52
(11.1)
40
(4.4)
60
(15.6)
Average low °F (°C) 19
(-7.2)
20
(-6.7)
29
(-1.7)
38
(3.3)
47
(8.3)
56
(13.3)
63
(17.2)
61
(16.1)
53
(11.7)
43
(6.1)
35
(1.7)
24
(-4.4)
41
(5)
Precipitation inches (cm) 4
(10)
4
(10)
4
(10)
3.9
(10)
3.2
(8)
2.8
(7)
2.8
(7)
3.8
(10)
3.3
(8)
3.8
(10)
4.5
(11)
4.2
(11)
44.3
(113)
Source: Weatherbase

Transportation

Weymouth is served by several MBTA Bus routes as well as three MBTA Commuter Rail stations: two on the Greenbush Line, at Weymouth Landing and near Jackson Square, and one on the Old Colony Line at South Weymouth. Numbered routes that pass through Weymouth include Massachusetts Routes 3, 3A, 18, 53, 58 and 139.

History

A failed colony

The site of Weymouth first saw European inhabitants in 1622 as Wessagusset Colony, a colony founded by Thomas Weston, who had been the main backer of the Plymouth settlement. The settlement was a failure. The sixty men taken from London were ill-prepared for the hardships required for survival. They also may have lacked the motivation of the Pilgrims as this colony was purely economic in motivation and the men had not brought their families.

By winter, poor planning and bad management led to supplies running out. With the Plymouth colonists having few supplies to share, the Weymouth men began to steal from the local Massachusetts nation. Foraging in cooperation with the Pilgrims and trading with Natives was insufficient, and some colonists began to steal from the natives. By now, many in the colony were ill and all forms of law and order had broken down. The lowest point came when a healthy settler was caught stealing supplies from the Massachusetts and the Massachusetts leaders demanded the thief's execution; the Weymouth men complied but either executed or failed to substitute for execution a dying, sick settler instead.

By April 1623, word of conflict between Native Americans and the Virginia colonists had reached the north and this increased the tension between the two groups. Massachusetts and other native groups began plotting to attack and destroy what was left of the floundering Wessagusset colony and possibly the more successful Plymouth Colony. Massasoit heard about it and sent word to Plymouth. Bradford, fearing that Plymouth would also be destroyed, sent Myles Standish to Weymouth with the Plymouth militia to end the threat. Under a banner of truce Standish lured five of the more bellicose Massachusetts Natives inside the stockade. There, after a brief struggle, the native leaders were killed. Ten of the original sixty had starved to death and two others had been killed in conflict with the Natives. Forty-five colonists joined Plymouth or went north to Maine, and from there most returned to England. The three who remained were subsequently killed by Native Americans.

Robert Gorges attempted to form a colony at the site later that year as the center of a more royalist and Anglican system of government for New England. He brought William Morrell as religious leader and expected Governor Bradford to acknowledge his supremacy and act as his agent Within weeks the New England winter caused Gorges to leave with most of the settlers. Those who remained formed the nucleus of the permanent settlement, the second oldest in New England, and the oldest in what would become Massachusetts Bay Colony. In 1630 it was officially incorporated into the Massachusetts Bay Colony and in 1635 with the addition of 100 families under the leadership of Joseph Hull the name was changed to Weymouth. While the integration of these groups did not commence without difficulty, especially due to conflicting pressures from the Puritans of Boston and the Pilgrims of Plymouth, Weymouth was a stable and prominent town with its current boundaries by 1635. Weymouth was included as part of Suffolk County when it was formed on 10 May 1643.

Post Colonization

Weymouth was heavily involved in the shoemaking industry from the first years of the 18th century right through to 1973, when the Stetson Shoe Company closed its doors. The building is currently being used for medical offices.

The original town hall, which was destroyed by fire in 1914, was replaced in 1928 with a town hall that is a replica of the old Massachusetts State House in Boston. (Another replica of the building can be found at Curry College in Milton.)

Points of interest

Abigail Adams birthplace, Weymouth MA
Abigail Adams birthplace
  • Weymouth is home to the house where Abigail Adams, wife of President John Adams and mother to President John Quincy Adams, was born.
  • A portion of the former South Weymouth Naval Air Station, which was closed in 1996 under the Base Realignment and Closure Act, was located in Weymouth.
  • South Weymouth Naval Air Station has been slated for development which will be called UnionPoint. Plans include a parkway, residences, a sports facility and a movie studio.

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