Colchester, Vermont facts for kids

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Colchester, Vermont
Town
View of Malletts Bay (part of Lake Champlain) from Bayside Park near the center of Colchester
View of Malletts Bay (part of Lake Champlain) from Bayside Park near the center of Colchester
Location in Chittenden County and the state of Vermont
Location in Chittenden County and the state of Vermont
Country United States
State Vermont
County Chittenden
Area
 • Total 58.6 sq mi (151.7 km2)
 • Land 36.3 sq mi (94.1 km2)
 • Water 22.2 sq mi (57.6 km2)
Elevation 95 ft (29 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 17,067
 • Density 470/sq mi (181.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 05439, 05446, 05449
Area code(s) 802
FIPS code 50-14875
GNIS feature ID 1462073
Website www.colchestervt.gov

Colchester is a town in Chittenden County, Vermont, United States. The population was 17,067 as of the 2010 census. It is the fourth-most populous municipality and second-most populous town in the state of Vermont by population. Colchester is a suburb of Burlington, Vermont's most populous municipality. The town is directly to Burlington's north on the eastern shore of Lake Champlain to the west of the Green Mountains. The Vermont National Guard is based in the town, and it is also home to the campus of Saint Michael's College.

Geography

Colchester is located on the shore of Malletts Bay, part of Lake Champlain. The westernmost part of the town touches the New York state border in the middle of the lake. To the northwest across the eastern arm of the lake lies the town of South Hero in Grand Isle County, Vermont. Chittenden County communities bordering Colchester are Milton to the northeast, Westford touching the easternmost point of Colchester, Essex to the southeast, and the cities of South Burlington, Winooski, and Burlington to the south.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Colchester has a total area of 58.6 square miles (151.7 km2), of which 36.3 square miles (94.1 km2) is land and 22.2 square miles (57.6 km2), or 38.0%, is water.

History

About 2,000 years ago, during the Early Woodland period, pre-Columbian natives lived in the area. Chartered June 7, 1763, the town was named for the Earl of Colchester.

In 1922, the area of Winooski broke away from the town and formed its own city.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 137
1800 347 153.3%
1810 657 89.3%
1820 960 46.1%
1830 1,489 55.1%
1840 1,739 16.8%
1850 2,575 48.1%
1860 3,041 18.1%
1870 3,911 28.6%
1880 4,421 13.0%
1890 5,143 16.3%
1900 5,352 4.1%
1910 6,450 20.5%
1920 6,627 2.7%
1930 2,638 −60.2%
1940 3,031 14.9%
1950 3,897 28.6%
1960 4,718 21.1%
1970 8,776 86.0%
1980 12,629 43.9%
1990 14,731 16.6%
2000 16,986 15.3%
2010 17,067 0.5%
Est. 2014 17,384 2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 16,986 people, 6,144 households, and 4,184 families residing in the town. The population density was 460.5 people per square mile (177.8/km2). There were 6,727 housing units at an average density of 182.4 per square mile (70.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.53% White, 0.63% African American, 0.17% Native American, 1.58% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. 1.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,144 households out of which 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.2% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.9% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the town, the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 16.2% from 18 to 24, 32.1% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 6.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.0 males.

Malletsbaycauseway
The Island Line Trail travels from Colchester across Lake Champlain to Grand Isle County; it is a former railroad line.

Transportation

Interstate 89 passes through the area, with exits 16 and 17 serving Colchester. Exit 16 connects to the concurrency of US Routes 2 and 7 (Roosevelt Highway), just north of Winooski. Exit 17 connects to US 2, which goes west to the Champlain Islands, and also to US 7, which heads north toward the town of Milton.

I-89 Exit 17
Interstate 89 Exit 17 in Colchester (June 5, 2015)

In the southeastern part of Colchester, and also along the US Route 7 corridor, bus service is provided by Green Mountain Transit.


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