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Corinth, Mississippi
Downtown Corinth in 2010
Downtown Corinth in 2010
Location of Corinth, Mississippi
Location of Corinth, Mississippi
Corinth, Mississippi is located in Mississippi
Corinth, Mississippi
Corinth, Mississippi
Location in Mississippi
Corinth, Mississippi is located in the United States
Corinth, Mississippi
Corinth, Mississippi
Location in the United States
Country United States
State Mississippi
County Alcorn
Named for Corinth, Greece
Area
 • Total 30.29 sq mi (78.45 km2)
 • Land 30.16 sq mi (78.12 km2)
 • Water 0.13 sq mi (0.32 km2)
Elevation
440 ft (134 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 14,573
 • Estimate 
(2019)
14,472
 • Density 479.79/sq mi (185.25/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
38834–38835
Area code(s) 662
FIPS code 28-15700
GNIS feature ID 0668825

Corinth is a city in and the county seat of Alcorn County, Mississippi, United States. The population was 14,573 at the 2010 census. Its ZIP codes are 38834 and 38835. It lies on the state line with Tennessee.

History

CorinthMSTaylorStreet
Work crew repaving Taylor Street, 1930
Railroad crossover in Corinth, Mississippi, United States
"Crossroads of the Confederacy"

Corinth was founded in 1853 as Cross City, so-called because it served as a junction for the Mobile & Ohio and Memphis & Charleston railroads. It was the town's early newspaper editor, W. E. Gibson, who suggested the name of Corinth, named for the city in Greece that also served as a crossroads.

Corinth's location at the junction of two railroads made it strategically important to the Confederacy during the American Civil War. Confederate General P. G. T. Beauregard retreated to Corinth after the Battle of Shiloh, pursued by Union Major General Henry W. Halleck. General Beauregard abandoned the town when General Halleck approached, letting it fall into the Union's hands. Since Halleck approached so cautiously, digging entrenchments at every stop for over a month, this action has been known as the Siege of Corinth.

The Union sent Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans to Corinth as well and concentrated its forces in the city. The Second Battle of Corinth took place on October 3−4, 1862, when Confederate Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn attempted to retake the city. The Confederate troops won back the city for a very brief period but were quickly forced out again on the same day when the Union troops were reinforced.

Locales on the National Register of Historic Places

  • Battery Williams (also known as Fort Williams)
  • Siege and Battle of Corinth Sites
  • Coliseum Theatre- built in the early 20th century in the Colonial Revival style
  • Corinth National Cemetery
  • Downtown Corinth Historic District
  • Dr. Joseph M. Bynum House—a home in the Late Gothic Revival style built in the late 19th century
  • Federal Siege Trench (also known as Harper Road Trench)
  • Fort Robinette (also known as Battery Robinette)—site of the Civil War Interpretive Center
  • Jacinto Courthouse (also called the Old Tishomingo County Courthouse)—built in the mid-19th century in the Federal style
  • L.C. Steele House
  • Midtown Corinth Historic District
  • Moores Creek site—a prehistoric Native American site from 3000 to 3500 B.C.
  • Old U.S. Post Office
  • Rienzi Commercial Historic District
  • Thomas F. Dilworth House
  • Union Battery F, Battle of Corinth
  • Union Earthworks
  • Veranda House (also known as the Curlee House)—built in 1857, it served as headquarters for Confederate generals during the Battle of Corinth

Geography

Alcorn County Courthouse Mississippi
Alcorn County Courthouse located in Corinth, Mississippi

Corinth is located in northeast Mississippi at the intersection of (north/south) U.S. Route 45 and (east/west) U.S. Route 72. It is the county seat of Alcorn County, which is the smallest county in area in the state of Mississippi. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 30.3 square miles (78.4 km2), of which 30.2 square miles (78.1 km2) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.3 km2), or 0.43%, is water.

Communities near Corinth

Rivers and streams

  • Bridge Creek
  • Elam Creek
  • Phillips Creek
  • Turner Creek

Climate

Climate data for Corinth, Mississippi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 80
(26.7)
86
(30)
89
(31.7)
94
(34.4)
100
(37.8)
106
(41.1)
111
(43.9)
110
(43.3)
105
(40.6)
96
(35.6)
88
(31.1)
80
(26.7)
111
(43.9)
Average high °F (°C) 49
(9.4)
54
(12.2)
63
(17.2)
72
(22.2)
80
(26.7)
87
(30.6)
90
(32.2)
90
(32.2)
84
(28.9)
73
(22.8)
62
(16.7)
51
(10.6)
71.3
(21.81)
Average low °F (°C) 28
(-2.2)
32
(0)
39
(3.9)
46
(7.8)
56
(13.3)
64
(17.8)
68
(20)
67
(19.4)
59
(15)
47
(8.3)
38
(3.3)
31
(-0.6)
47.9
(8.84)
Record low °F (°C) −19
(-28.3)
−6
(-21.1)
9
(-12.8)
25
(-3.9)
35
(1.7)
43
(6.1)
51
(10.6)
49
(9.4)
36
(2.2)
24
(-4.4)
4
(-15.6)
−6
(-21.1)
−19
(-28.3)
Source: The Weather Channel

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 1,512
1880 2,275 50.5%
1890 2,111 −7.2%
1900 3,661 73.4%
1910 5,020 37.1%
1920 5,498 9.5%
1930 6,220 13.1%
1940 7,818 25.7%
1950 9,785 25.2%
1960 11,453 17.0%
1970 11,581 1.1%
1980 13,180 13.8%
1990 11,820 −10.3%
2000 14,054 18.9%
2010 14,573 3.7%
2019 (est.) 14,472 −0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

2020 census

Corinth Racial Composition
Race Num. Perc.
White 9,477 64.81%
Black or African American 3,570 24.42%
Native American 33 0.23%
Asian 121 0.83%
Pacific Islander 10 0.07%
Other/Mixed 531 3.63%
Hispanic or Latino 880 6.02%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 14,622 people, 6,087 households, and 3,555 families residing in the city.

Transportation

Highways

Air travel

  • Roscoe Turner Airport
  • Dilworth Airport

Education

Borroum's Drug Store
Borroum's Drug Store
Corinth,Mississippi Fillmore and Cruise Streets
Downtown Corinth between Fillmore Street and Cruise Street

Public schools

Corinth School District:

  • Corinth High School—grades 9–12 with an enrollment of 473
  • Corinth Middle School-grades 5–8 with an enrollment of 265
  • Corinth Elementary School—grades K–4
  • Easom High School (the only African American school in the city before the segregation; Became home of South Corinth Elementary School teaching 5th and 6th Grade until the 2008–2009 school year, when it ceased to be used until 2014 when a health clinic opened in the building)

Alcorn School District:

  • Alcorn Alternative School
  • Alcorn Central Elementary—grades K–4, with enrollment of 520
  • Alcorn Central Middle School—grades 5–8 with an enrollment of 539
  • Alcorn Central High School—grades 9–12 with an enrollment of 515
  • Biggersville Elementary—grades K–6 with an enrollment of 161
  • Biggersville High School—grades 7–12 with an enrollment of 236
  • Kossuth Elementary School—grades K–4 with an enrollment of 562
  • Kossuth High School—grades 9–12 with an enrollment of 438
  • Kossuth Middle School—grades 5–8 with an enrollment of 499

Libraries

  • Corinth Public Library—part of the Northeast Regional Library System

Museums

  • Northeast Mississippi Museum
  • Corinth Civil War Interpretive Center (part of the National Park Service)
  • Artist Guild Museum and Shop
  • Museum of Southern Culture
  • Black History Museum

Notable people

  • Neal Brooks Biggers, Jr., federal judge
  • Don Blasingame, baseball player
  • Ezekiel S. Candler, Jr., U.S. congressman
  • Bert Cumby, Army intelligence officer
  • Larry Dorsey, football coach
  • Steve Gaines, pastor
  • Frances Gaither, novelist
  • Philip Henson, scout and spy
  • Russell Keaton, aviation cartoonist, first illustrator for the Sunday edition of the Buck Rogers cartoon and first cartoonist to feature women in leading roles in an aviation cartoon. See Flyin' Jenny.
  • Etheridge Knight, poet
  • Peggy Smith Martin, Illinois state representative
  • Jimbo Mathus, musician
  • Thomas K. McCraw, educator
  • Maty Noyes, singer
  • John F. Osborne, editor and journalist
  • Rubel Phillips, politician
  • Thomas Hal Phillips, author
  • J.E. Pitts, poet and songwriter
  • Saving Abel, rock band
  • Everett Sharp, football player
  • Jackie Simpson, professional football player.
  • Orma Rinehart Smith, federal judge
  • John Benjamin Splann, Mississippi state senator
  • Roscoe Turner, aviator
  • Jack Yarber, musician
  • Bobby Emmons, American keyboard player and songwriter, keyboardist of The Memphis Boys keyboards on tracks by Elvis Presley, Willie Nelson
  • Weyman "Big Daddy" Hilliard Cox, W.W.II U.S.Navy SEEBEE's, University of Mississippi Football / Quarterback - 1925.
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